Social Psychology Exam 2

Card Set Information

Social Psychology Exam 2
2012-03-01 14:40:32
Cognitive dissonance attitude persuasion

Social Psychology
Show Answers:

  1. attitude:
    a positive or negative evaluation of a particular thing or person
  2. what are strong attitudes comprised of?
    • commitment = shields attitude against contradictory information
    • embeddedness = connects attitude to other aspects of the self
  3. Components of Theory of Planned Behavior?
    atittude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control --> behavioral intention --> behavior
  4. What is the Theory of Planned Behavior used to describe?
    the connection b/w attitude and behavior
  5. Three components of Attitude-Behavior Consistency?
    • knowledge
    • personal relevance
    • attitude accessibitily (know what others think)
  6. In what ways are attitudes formed?
    • Classical Conditioning
    • Operant Conditioning
    • Observational learning
    • Heredity
  7. Study by Ross, McFarland, and Fletcher:
    • hear communication that were favorable or unfavorable toward brushing and bathing
    • positive message --> more favorable to bathing and brushing
    • negative message --> negative attitude toward bathing and brushing
  8. Article 12 - origins of cognitive dissonance research methods and design:
    • assessed childrens preferences of different stickers
    • two condition: choice/ no choice
    • did study with monkeys and m & ms
  9. What is cognitive dissonance?
    ppl feel a tension when they are aware of an inconsistency wither b/w two attitudes or b/w attitude and behavior
  10. What were reasons some of the Ss data had to be discarded?
    • indicated in the interview that they were suspicious of having been paid and suspected the real reason of experiment
    • Ss told the girl they were hired
    • Ss refused to take the money and refused to be hired
    • one S demanded her phone number saying he would call her and explain things
  11. What is social identity theory?
    • Social identity = a person's sense of who they are based on their group membership
    • we categorize = shortcut to knowing other characteristics of a perosn
    • we identify = gain self-esteem by doing this
    • we compare = our in-group whith the out group and hold a favorable bias toward our group
  12. What are ppl seeking when they identigy with a social group?
    self-esteem b/c they lack a positive personal indentity
  13. in- group bias:
    the tendency to benefit member of ones own group over other groups
  14. what is the basis of in-group bias?
    • the group definition of who you are, implies a definition of who you aren't
    • the mere experience of being formed into groups may promote in-group bias
  15. Minimal Group Paradigm:
    an experimental procedure in which short-term, arbitrary, artificial groups are created to explore the foundations of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination
  16. What is the non-verbal behavior that helps a person know when someone else is engaging in self-monitoring for deceptive purposes?
    • facial expression
    • tone of voice
    • body movements
  17. Self-monitoring:
    the tendency to be chronically concerned with ones public image and to adjust ones actions to fit the needs of the current situation
  18. What are reasons for self-monitoring?
    • to obtain desirable resources
    • to control impressions ppl form of us
    • the help others know how we expect to b treated
  19. What classical study highlighted the minimal group paradigm?
    Tiajes painting study
  20. Predjudice:
    • a generalized attitude toward members of a social group
    • -attitude = positive or negative evaluation of particular group
  21. Stereotype:
    • generalized belief about member of a social group
    • -belief = thoughts about these things
  22. discrimination:
    behaviors directed toward ppl on the basis of thier group membership
  23. Provide explanantions for discriminating behavior using the four theoretical perspective in Social psychology:
    • Social cognition = you see other ppl discriminats so you do to
    • Social learning = parent discriminate so child learns to discriminate too
    • evolutionary = we are born to discriminate a certain type of person b/c they are harmful
    • sociocultural = where you live it is a social norm to discriminiate against a certain type of person
  24. explain cognitive miser in the context of prejudice and stereotypes:
    when one sees a perosn they us a cognitive miser to shortcut that perosn into a stereotype instead of taking the long route to get to know them
  25. Findings of Steel & Aronson's Stereotype Vulnerabilty Study?
    • blacks performed significantly worse than whites only in the diagnostic condition
    • the nondiagnostic condition and challenge condition reduced the stereotype vulnerability
  26. Design and manipulation of the "when a new identity does harm on the spot" article?
    • 2 X 2 - negative or no stereotype & high vs. low group identification
    • told each person has convex or concave information processing style
    • in the negative stereotype condition, the more participants identified with their novel group, the stronger was their decrease in performance
  27. IAT:
    what does it measure?
    • Implicit Association Test
    • Measures implicit prejudices and stereotypes