History Compend

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bridgetstadum
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138949
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History Compend
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2012-03-01 16:40:17
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History Compend
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  1. Medieval Period
    600 A.D. - 1850 A.D.
  2. Tree Burial
    North American Indians
  3. 1628, great event in history of embalming
    Discovery of blood circulation
  4. Egypt God of Underworld and Judge of Dead
    Osiris
  5. Egyptian walled suburb, major city where embalming was performed
    Necropolis
  6. Ancient Egyptian death beliefs, element of body which remained with body in grave and demanded attention from living
    Ka
  7. Most expensive method of Egyptian embalming, last of 5 steps
    Bandaging and anointing
  8. Egyptian history, number approximates number of years required to complete journey known as "Circle of Necessity"
    3,000
  9. Sarcophagus
    Coffin
  10. People known to have skinned dead as part of body preparation procedure
    North American Indians
  11. Seat of intellect and emotion for Egyptians
    Heart
  12. Center of Universe to Egyptians
    Sun
  13. How often inundation (overflowing) of Nile River occured
    Once a year
  14. Circle of Necessity lead to
    Sun and back
  15. Greek historian, "Father of History"
    Herodotus
  16. "Guild of All Souls" established in
    London, England
  17. "Father of Modern Embalming" in U.S.
    Dr. Thomas Holmes
  18. Priest in undertaking specialists of ancient Egypt
    Kher-heb
  19. Elements Ba, Yakhu, The Name, The Heart, The Shadow, The Ka
    Egyptian culture
  20. Funeral functions Libitina and Libitinerius
    Romans
  21. "Crier" in Ancient Rome
    Praeco
  22. Cult of Dionysius
    Ancient Greeks
  23. "Elysian Fields" death belief
    Ancient Greeks
  24. "Cult of Osiris"
    Ancient Egyptians
  25. Placing various organs in canopic jars and embalming by class distinction
    Ancient Egyptians
  26. "Designatior" in ancient Rome
    Master of Ceremonies
  27. Use of "effigy" popularized during
    Middle-ages
  28. Middle Ages, waxed death mask
    Effigy
  29. Great Plague of London
    Middle-ages
  30. Great Plague of London
    1664 - 1665
  31. "Sin-eater"
    Middle-Ages
  32. Early American funerals, inviters to funerals and town undertakers
    Municipal officers
  33. Egyptian "God of the Dead"
    Osiris
  34. Burial Societies
    Medieval Period
  35. First ppl to dress dead in white clothing
    Christians
  36. Person responsible for bringing European emblaming techniques to U.S.
    Harlan
  37. Flesh to Jewish
    Basar
  38. Jewish burials scheduled
    During day of death before sundown
  39. Medieval Irish wakes known for
    Light-hearted practices
  40. Most common form of disposition for early Scandinavians
    Cremation
  41. NOT true of Ancient Jewish funeral
    Woman always prepared dead bodies
  42. Dark Ages
    Middle-Ages
  43. Period of time when Egyptians embalmed bodies
    Ancient
  44. Burial trends during Middle-Ages greatly influenced by
    Church
  45. "Kiss of Peace" represented major break in tradition between Christians and
    Jews
  46. One country which made mask making very popular in replacing body during long periods body was lying in state
    England
  47. NOT part of Roman Committal Service
    Burial mass celebrated at grave site
  48. Focal point of Roman Funeral Procession
    Torch bearer
  49. Greek afterlife place
    Hades
  50. NOT have any significance in Greek Burial practices and customs
    God's Little Acre
  51. Constantine's Sumptuary Laws
    Body of mortuary laws
  52. First Christain ruler of Rome
    Constantine
  53. Individual involved in most prominent in Egyptian embalming process
    Priest
  54. Person involved in Egyptian embalming process, marked length of incision with charcoal pencil
    Scribe
  55. NOT part of Egyptian Funeral Procession
    Jesters
  56. Person involved in Egyptian embalming process in charge of funeral procession of influential Egyptian
    Physician
  57. Roman "Head Undertaker"
    Libitinarious
  58. Early Scandinavians referred to Valhalla
    Land of the Dead
  59. Mythological concepts of Greek Afterlife, Greeks prepared body to go to
    Hades
  60. Greeks credited as first to use
    Cremation
  61. Discovered formaldehyde in 1868
    Hofmann
  62. Had Gannal's book published in U.S.
    Harlan
  63. People who dressed dead in togas
    Romans
  64. Cremated dead with all their worldly possessions
    Northern Europeans
  65. Usually had funeral processions during night
    Romans
  66. Two elements Jewish people believed individual was made up of
    Nefesh and Basar
  67. Deceased Hebrews dressed in
    Best attire
  68. Jewish funeral customs noted for
    Simplicity
  69. Jewish religious sect which had very strict viewpoint of religious policies and procedures
    Orthodox
  70. Injection of cedar oil into abdomen of body was utilized in medium priced method of Egyptian embalming, causing organs in cavity to
    Be dissolved
  71. Canopic jars which housed organs of deceased Egyptians named after four sons of
    Horus
  72. Deity known as "God of the Underworld"
    Osiris
  73. Necropolis
    City of the Dead
  74. Egyptian burial receptacles which were large, massive, and rectangular in shape, describe _____ casket
    Sarcophagus
  75. Civilization of people whose faith necessitated burial of deceased by sundown on day of death
    Hebrews
  76. Most desirable mode of disposition for Egyptians
    Entombment
  77. Individual designated to eviscerate and wash Egyptian remains
    None of these
  78. Egyptian coffin which gained popularity because of influence of Osiris
    Anthropoid
  79. NOT part of expensive Egyptian embalming method
    Immersion in molten asphalt
  80. Individual involved in embalming Egyptian dead whose functions were embalming and wrapping of remains
    Surgeon
  81. Individual involved in embalming Egyptian dead whose function was to anoint body with necessary oils, spices, and ointments
    Apothecary Servant
  82. Most noted impact Egyptian coffins had on another civilization was with
    Romans
  83. Came first
    Funeral customs
  84. Credited with introduction of cremation
    Greeks
  85. With introduction of coffins and early funeral goods, which were primarily pursuing undertaking profession
    Craftsman
  86. NOT consideration in development of coffins and burial cases
    Importance on preservation of deceased
  87. NOT consideration with introduction of metallic burial casket
    Ounces per square foot
  88. NOT major influence in development of chemical embalming
    Air tight receptacles
  89. Early methods of transporting body included all but
    Limousine
  90. 19th century, various chemical manufactures were influential in development of mortuary education and rising prevalence of embalming. Among services which those companies offered undertaker included all but
    Merchandising techniques for use in casket room
  91. Associated with introduction and development of early funeral transportation
    Crane & Breed
  92. Attitudinal change which was reflected in casket manufacturers product
    More aesthetic luxury
  93. Credited with receiving one, if not first patent, in regards to life preserving coffins
    Christian Eisenbrandt
  94. Waxed death mask of nobility
    Effigy
  95. Wake during Middle-Ages
    Vigil for dead
  96. Edwin Chadwick
    Investigator of mass corruption in regards to English practices
  97. Ancient Egypt, priest
    Kher-heb
  98. Dionysius recognized as
    "The god of wine"
  99. Burial in Woolen Act took place in
    1666
  100. Funeral functionary in ancient Rome identified as "crier"
    Praeco
  101. "God of the underworld"
    Osiris
  102. Ancient Rome, early death beliefe said that body and soul were composed of atoms which simply disintegrated at death
    Epicurus
  103. Fist coffin shop/warehouses started in New York by
    John L. Dillion
  104. Receptacles patented in early 19th century, gained no popular appeal
    Also-rans
  105. Social development in Middle-Ages whereby bodies of noble were separated and bones were brought back to their home in chest describes
    Independent bone burial
  106. Early American undertaking, inviters to funerals
    Municipal officers
  107. Received one of the first patents for corpse cooler/cooling board during 19th century
    Robert Frederick and C.A. Trump
  108. Ancient Rome, where burial and/or entombment take place
    Outside walls of Rome
  109. Roman culture, "The Designator"
    The Master of Ceremonies
  110. "The goddess of corpses and funerals"
    Libitina
  111. Egyptian undertaking specialist whose job included making medicines and anointing body of deceased
    Apothecary
  112. Known for featuring horse drawn hearse at Chicago World's Fair in 1893 that resembled church-like design and weighed 2400 pounds
    Crane and Breed
  113. NOT considered to be influential person in development of embalming schools
    Edwin Chadwick
  114. NOT reason why "Auto funerals" would be slow in being accepted
    Auto hearses were less costly than traditional horse-drawn hearse
  115. Individual qualified to fulfill role as coroner in early America
    Town undertakers
  116. In metallic burial caskets, ogee design served
    • Reduced excess space that characterized most metallic burial caskets
    • Reduced excess weight that characterized most metallic burial caskets
    • B & C only
  117. Receptacles used for ex-president Grant
    Style "E" State Casket
  118. M.H. Crane and J.R. Barnes acquired manufacturing rights from Fisk in
    1853
  119. "Head Undertaker" in ancient Rome
    Libitinarius
  120. Evisceration of body organs and their placement in four canopic jars
    Egyptians
  121. Individual to receive first American patent on metallic coffin (1836)
    James A. Gray
  122. Effect on cemeteries in regards to Great Plague of London
    Cemeteries were overcrowded
  123. Individual criticized use of common preservatives such as arsenic in regards to embalming
    Dr. Thomas Holmes
  124. Long pleated arrangement of fine linen worn by widow during Middle-Ages; resembled beard
    Barbe
  125. During late Middle-Ages, who began experimenting with embalming
    • Anatomist
    • Surgeon
    • B & C
  126. Recommended in Edwin Chadwick's report
    • All cemeteries by municipalized
    • Religious rites be simplified and standardized
    • B & C only
  127. First to successfully adopt arterial injection as means of preservation
    Dr. William Hunter
  128. Hunter's Canal"
    John Hunter
  129. Discovered formaldehyde
    August Hofman
  130. "Father of Embalming"
    Dr. Frederick Ruysch
  131. "Father of Embalming" in U.S.
    Dr. Thomas Holmes
  132. Discovered circulation of blood
    Dr. William Harvey
  133. "Father of Histology"
    Marcello Malpighi
  134. Author of "History of Embalming"
    Jean Gannal
  135. "Father of Bacteriology"
    Anthony van Leeuwenhoek
  136. Purpose of funeral feast during Middle-Ages
    Welcome heir to new estate
  137. Father of Modern embalming in U.S.
    Dr. Thomas Holmes
  138. Patented process of embalming involving injection of arsenic-alcohol mixture
    J. Anthony Gaussardia
  139. Fisk Metallic Coffin patented
    1848
  140. Edwin Chadwick publishes his Report
    1842

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