Excavates and Chromoalveolates

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Author:
HPizir
ID:
138952
Filename:
Excavates and Chromoalveolates
Updated:
2012-03-05 17:13:13
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Protist quiz pt
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Description:
Protist quiz, pt. 1
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  1. Have unique cytoskeletal features, have "excavated" feeding groove on one side of the cell body
    Excavata
  2. A rod with a spiral structure inside a clade is how you distinguish a ___________.
    Euglenozoan
  3. member of a diverse clade of flagellated protists that include predatory heterotrophs, photosynthetic autotrophs, and pathogenic parasites.
    Euglenozoan
  4. a protist that has a single large mitochondria that houses an organized mass of DNA; contains a kinetoplast and can cause disease (heart disease)
    Kinetoplastid
  5. These are both part of the Euglenozoan clade
    Euglenid and Kinetoplastid
  6. - has a pellicle; 1 or 2 flagella; can be autotrophic or heterotrophic (mixotrophs)
    Euglenid
  7. A protist with modified/reduced mitochondria called hydrogenosomes, those organelles generate some energy anaerobically, releasing hydrogen gas as a by product, found with animals
    Parabasalids
  8. Lacks electron transport chain, recieves energy from anaerobic bio-chemiocal pathways. Many are parasites; found in animals or stagnant water
    Diplomonads
  9. Chromalveolates have two groups. What are they?
    Stramenpiles & Alveolataes
  10. contain 2 flagella at some point in their life is covered with tubular hairs
    Stramenpiles
  11. Protists in the group are: Diatoms, Golden Algae, Brown Algae, and Oomycetes
    Stramenpiles
  12. Have membrane bound flattened sacs beneath the cell membrane (Alveoli); membrane has tubular cristae
    Alveolates
  13. Protists in this group are: Dinoflagellates, Apicomplexanas, and Cilites
    Alveolates
  14. Responisble for the "Red Tides"
    Dinoflagellates
  15. Contain a group of organelles called the apical complex
    Complex life cycle
    Sporozoites will spread through the host
    Apicomplexan
  16. Use cilia for movement
    Cilites
  17. fuzzy, white growth
    Oomycetes
  18. Silica shells (frustules) that nest together
    Diatoms
  19. contain fucoxanthin (pigment)
    Brown algae
  20. Yellow and Brown carotenoids
    colonial
    Golden algae
  21. Cell walls composed of cellulose plates
    dinoflagellates
  22. contain algin in cell walls
    brown algae
  23. cell walls made of cellulose
    Oomycetes
  24. Contactile vacuoles regulate water (hypotonic solutions)
    Multinucleate (2 nucleus's)
    Cilites
  25. have modified mitochondria called mitosomes.
    Diplomonads

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