Medical Prefixes.txt

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Author:
dripka
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138960
Filename:
Medical Prefixes.txt
Updated:
2012-03-01 17:29:05
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Medical
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Medical Prefixes
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  1. leuk (color)
    white - ex: leukocyte, leukorrhea, leukemia
  2. erythr (color)
    red - ex: erythrocyte, erythrite, erythema
  3. xanth (color)
    yellow - ex: xanthoma, xanthomatosis, xanthoderma
  4. melano (color)
    black - ex: melanoma, melanophore, melanocyte
  5. chlor (color)
    green - ex: chloroleukemia, chlorothiazide, chloropia
  6. cyan (color)
    blue - ex: cyanosis, cyanhidrosis, cyanopia
  7. purpur (color)
    purple - ex: purpura, purpuric
  8. rube (color)
    red - ex: rubella, rubeola, ruber, rubescent
  9. alb (color)
    white - ex: albino, albicans, candida albicans
  10. uni (lat.) (number)
    one - ex: unilateral, uniarticular, unilaminar
  11. mono (gk.) (number)
    one - ex: monocyte, monodermoma, monogerminal
  12. primi (number)
    first - ex: primary, primordial, primigravida
  13. bi (number)
    two - ex: bilateral, bifid, bisection, bicuspid
  14. di (gk.)
    two - ex: diacid, diamelia, diandry, digyny
  15. diplo (number)
    double - ex: diplopia, diploid, diplegia
  16. tri (number)
    three - ex: triceps muscle, trimester
  17. quad (number)
    four - ex: quadrant, quadriparesis, quadrilateral
  18. hemi (number)
    half - ex: hemiplegia, hemizygous, hemisphere
  19. semi (number)
    partial - ex: semimembranous, semiconscious, semiconductive
  20. multi (lat.)
    many - ex: multigravida, multipara, multipolar, multicellular
  21. poly (gk.) (number)
    much - ex: polycystic, polyinfection, polyhydruria
  22. nulli (number)
    none - ex: nulligravida, nullipara, nulliparous
  23. pluri (number)
    several - ex: pluripara, pluripotent, pluriresistant
  24. noni (number)
    nine - ex: nonigravida, nonose
  25. milli (number)
    one-thousandth - ex: milliliter, millimeter, milliscond
  26. hyper (degree)
    excessive - ex: hyperthyroid, hyperemesis gravidarum
  27. hypo (degree)
    decreased - ex: hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, hypothermia
  28. oligo (degree)
    few - ex: oligodactyly, oligohydraminios, oligospermia
  29. pan (degree)
    total - ex: pandemic, panacea, panarteritis, panblastic
  30. micro (size)
    small - ex: microtia, microtus, microtubule, microsurgery
  31. macro (gk.) (size)
    large - ex: macrocephaly, macroglossia, macrophage, macroscopic
  32. mega (gk.) (size)
    large - ex: megalocephaly, megacardia, megacolon
  33. normo (relativism)
    normal - ex: normotensive, normotopia, normovolemia
  34. eu (relativism)
    good - ex: eugenics, euthyroid, euploid
  35. pseudo (relativism)
    false - ex: pseudoarthritis, pseudotumor, pseudocyst
  36. homo (lat.) (relativism)
    man - ex: homonidae, homozygote, homotype
  37. iso (relativism)
    same - example isocellular, isochromosome, isotonic solution, isotope
  38. aniso (relativism)
    dissimilar - ex: anisocoria, anisomelia, anisophoria, anisopia
  39. homo (gk.) (relativism)
    same - ex: homogenize, homophil, homologue, homograft
  40. hetero (relativism)
    different - ex: heterosexual, heterogenisis, heterograft, heterologous
  41. poikilo (relativism)
    irregular - ex: poikiloderma, poikilothermay, poikilothrombocyte
  42. homeo (relativism)
    similar - ex: homeotherm. homeopathy, homeostasis
  43. ortho (relativism)
    upright - ex: orthodontics, orthopaedics, orthopnea, orthostatic
  44. ante (lat.) (relative time)
    before - ex: anterior, antecedent, anterograde memory, antenatal
  45. pre (lat.) (relative time)
    before - ex: preoperative, preventive, pretympanic
  46. pro (gk./lat.) (relative time)
    before - ex: profile, procursive, proestrus, prothrombin
  47. post (relative time)
    after - ex: posterior, post - term (infant,) postoperative
  48. ab (direction)
    away from - ex: abduction, ablate, absorb
  49. ad (direction)
    toward - ex: adduction, adducent, adductor (muscle)
  50. dia (gk.) (direction)
    through - ex: diachronic, diagnosis, dialysis
  51. per (lat.) (direction)
    through - ex: percutaneous, perforate, percuss
  52. trans (lat.) (direction)
    across - ex: transfusion, transplant, transurethral, transvaginal
  53. juxta (direction)
    close to - ex: juxtaarticular, juxtaglomerular, juxtaposition
  54. ambi (postion)
    around - ex: ambivalence, ambivert, ambient
  55. amphi (position)
    both sides - ex: amphistylar, amphiarthrosis, amphiblastula
  56. dextro (position)
    right side - ex: dextrorotation, dextrotropic, dextroversion
  57. sinistro (position)
    left side - ex: sinistrocardia, sinistrality, sinistraural
  58. epi (position)
    upon - ex: epicanthal, epicardium, episclera, epidermis
  59. retro (position)
    behind - ex: retrosternal, retronasal, retrolingual
  60. inter (position)
    between - ex: intercostal, intermittent, intercanalicular
  61. peri (gk.) (position)
    around - ex: pericardial, periaortic, periosteum
  62. sym(n) (position)
    together - ex: symphysis, symmetry, syndactyly, syndrome
  63. infra (lat.) (position)
    under - ex: infraclavicular, infraorbital, infraspinous
  64. exo (gk.) (position)
    outside - ex: exogenous, exomphalos, exoskeleton
  65. sub (lat.) (position)
    below - ex: subcutaneous, sublingual, subluxation
  66. mid (position)
    middle - ex: midline, midgut, middle ear
  67. meso (gk.) (position)
    middle - ex: mesoskelic, mesosternum, mesocarpal, mesocele
  68. medi (lat.) (position)
    middle - ex: median, medial, mediastinum
  69. ecto (gk.) (position)
    outside - ex: ectopic, ectopotomy, ectoplasm
  70. ultra (lat.) (position)
    beyond - ex: ultrabrachycephalic, ultrasound, ultraviolet
  71. supra (lat.) (position)
    above - ex: supraglottis, suprasternal, suprapubic
  72. endo (position)
    inside - ex: endoscope, endocardium, endothelium
  73. intra (position)
    within - ex: intravenous, intrauterine, intracellular
  74. meta (gk.) (position)
    beyond - ex: metastasis, metatarsals, metaphysis
  75. para (position)
    beside - ex: paracentral, paramedic, parasternal
  76. super (lat.) (position)
    above - ex: superior, superficial, superinfection
  77. circum (lat.) (position)
    around - ex: circumcision, circumoral, circumarticular
  78. ante (position)
    before - ex: antecubital, antebrachium, anteflexion
  79. anti (gk.) (negation)
    against - ex: antibacterial, anticoagulant, antibiotic, antidiarrhetic
  80. a(n) (gk.) (negation)
    without - ex: anomaly, anoxia, anotia
  81. ob (negation)
    against - ex: obstruction, obtundent, obtuse
  82. im(n) (negation)
    not - ex: imbalance, impotence, imperforate, inanimate
  83. contra (lat.) (negation)
    against - ex: contraceptive, contraction, constrict
  84. non (negation)
    not - ex: noninvasive, nonseptate, noncompliance
  85. mal (pathology)
    bad - ex: malaise, malformation, malignant
  86. brady (pathology)
    slow - ex: bradycardia, bradykinesia, bradyglossia
  87. tachy (pathology)
    fast - ex: tachycardia, tachypnea, tachycrotic
  88. dys (pathology)
    difficult - ex: dysfunction, dyspraxia, dysuria
  89. neo (pathology)
    new - ex: neonate, neoplasm, neophobia
  90. pyro (pathology)
    fire - ex: pyrosis, pyrexia, pyrexin
  91. sclero (pathology)
    hard - ex: sclerodactylia, scleroderma, sclerogenous
  92. presbyo (pathology)
    old - ex: presbyopia, presbycusis, presbycardia
  93. tropho (pathology)
    nourishment - ex: trophoblast, trophocyte, atrophy
  94. apo (common prefix)
    derived from - ex: apophysis, apoplexia, apoplexy
  95. auto (common prefix)
    self - ex: autoactivation, autoagglutination, autonomic
  96. astro (common prefix)
    star - ex: astroblast, astrocyte, astronomic
  97. hydro (common prefix)
    water - ex: hydroma, hydrocephalus, hydrophilia
  98. antr (common prefix)
    cavity - ex: antritis, antrum, antrobuccal, antronasal
  99. idio (common prefix)
    own - ex: idiopathic, idiotrophic, idiovariation
  100. aer (common prefix)
    air - ex: aerogastria, aerocele, aerocoly, aerophagia
  101. cent (common prefix)
    hundred - ex: centigrade, centimeter, centinormal
  102. cata (common prefix)
    downward - ex: catamenia, catatonic, cataplexy
  103. in (common prefix)
    inside - ex: in situ, insemination, insufflation
  104. sarco (common prefix)
    flesh - ex: sarcoidosis, sarcoma, sarcoplasm
  105. kinesi (common prefix)
    movement - ex: kinetic, kinesitherapy, kinesiometer
  106. lact (common prefix)
    milk - ex: lactation, lactose, lactobacillus
  107. xero (common prefix)
    dry - ex: xeroderma, xerocheilia, xerosis

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