disease characterized by abnormal, disorganized cell proliferation
New growth of abnormal tissues or tumors
tumors that are not invasive or spreading
tumors that are invasive and capable of spreading
spreading of tumor cells
area where malifnant cells first forms
metastatic site; regions to which cancer cells have spread
the process of malignant transformation and altering of the genetic structure of DNA within the cells.
factors that contribute to the developement of cancers
a substance that highlights, outlines, or provides more detail than shown in a plain film.
uses high-energy ionizing radiation, such as high-energy x-rays, gamma rays, and radioactive particles to destroy cancer cells, shrink tumors, and relieve symptoms.
refers to short-distance therapy.
unsealed radiation sources
radiation in a suspension or solution or radiopharmaceutical therapy
inflammation of the mouth
dryness of the mouth
inflammation of the bladder
inflammation of the lungs
depression of bone marrow function
decreased white blood cell count
decreased platelet count
technique that uses antineoplastic agents to treat cancer cells locally and systemically.
type of drug used to treat cancer that works by interfering with cellular function and reproduction
leaking of an intravenously administered drug into surrounding tissues.
intravenous medications that cause tissue necrosis if they infiltrate.
establishment of bone marrow that has been harvested and reinfused
use of biologic response modifiers to stimulate the body's natural immune system to restrict and destroy cancer cells
thermal therapy uses temperatures greater than 106.7
technique for fighting cancer that involves replacing altered genes with normal genes, inhibiting defective genes, or intoducing substances that destroy defective genes or cancer cells.
Chapter 19 Words to Know
wall that divides the internal nose into two cavities
hair-like processes who action moves substances like mucus to prevent irritation to and contamination of the lower airway
extensions of the nasal cavity located in the surrounding facial bones
bony cavitites that lie wihtin the frontal bone that extends above the orbital cavities
honecomb of small spaces contained in the ethmoid bone, located between the eyes.
bony cavities that lie behind the nasal cavity
cavities on either side of the nose in the maxillary bones; they are the largest sinuses and the most accessible to treatment.
bones that change the flow of inspired air to moisturize and warm it to a greater degree
body structure that carries air from the nose to the larynx, and food from the mouth to the esophagus
part of the pharynx that is near the nose and above the soft palate.
part of the pharynx that is near the mouth
elliptically shaped lymphnoid tissue located on either side of the upper oropharynx that protect the body from infection.
lymphoid tissue located in the nasopharynx that protect the body from infection
cartilaginous framework between the pharynx and the trachea whose primary function is to produce sound; it also protects the lower airway from foreign objects because of its ability to facilitate coughing.
cartilaginous valve flap that covers the opening to the larynx during swallowing
opening between the vocal cords in the larynx
folds of tissue within the larynx that vibrate and produce sound as air passes through
hollow tube composed of smooth muscle and supported by C-shape cartilage that transports air from the laryngeal pharynx to the bronchi and lungs
lower part of the trachea
left and right sides of the carina
entrance of the bronchi to the lungs
smaller subdivisions of the bronchi
paired elastic structures enclosed by the thoracic cage that contain the alveoli
small, clustered sac that begins where the bronchioles end and is the location for the exchange of oxygen and CO2
structure that lies between the alveoli and contains the pulmonary capillaries and elastic connective tissue
muscle that seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity.
wall that divides the thoracic cavity into two halves.
saclike serous membrane located around the lungs.
saclike serous membrane that covers the lung surface
saclike serous membrane that is the outter layer of the lungs.
area containing serous fluid that separates and lubricates the visceral and parietal plurae
exchange of oygen and CO2 between atmospheric air and the blood and between the blood and the cells
movement of air into and out of the respiratory tract
process of oxygen and CO2 exchange through the alveolar-capillary membrane.
supplying blood to cells, tissues, or organs
aspiration of excess fluid or air from the pleural space.