APII Lab Exam Unit 4

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  1. Fat covered groove that runs from the upper left side of the heart to the lower right side of the heart on the front side of the heart.
    anterior interventricular groove
  2. Appendages that are brainy looking and found on the top (superior) portion of the heart. These appendages are attached to the atria.
  3. Wall of tissue found between the right and left atria.
    Interatrial septum
  4. The first and largest artery that exits the aortic arch.
    Brachiocephalic artery
  5. White tissue that links the pulmonary trunk to the aorta. Was once the ductus arteriosus.
    ligamentum arteriosum
  6. honey comb like muscle found inside atria
    pectinate muscle
  7. muscles located inside ventricles that anchor the ligaments attached to the av valves
    papillary muscle
  8. white, fibrous tissue that attaches the av valves to the ventricles
    chordae tendineae
  9. thick band of tissue located between the ventricular septum and ventricular wall. looks like the thing under your tongue.
    moderator band
  10. valve that leaves right ventricle
    pulmonary semilunar valve
  11. valve that leaves left ventricle
    aortic semilunar valve
  12. vessel that leaves the aorta and goes to the left side of the heart
    left coronary artery
  13. vessel that runs under and around the pulmonary veins of the left side of the heart
    circumflex branch
  14. vessel that runs down the groove on the front of the heart
    anterior interventricular branch
  15. which vessels do you have to know are found on the exterior of the left side of the heart
    • 1. left coronary artery
    • 2. circumflex branch
    • 3. anterior interventricular branch
  16. this vessel leaves the aorta and travels to the right side of the heart.
    right coronary artery
  17. this vessel is found travelling down the groove on the back side of the heart
    posterior interventricular branch
  18. this vessel is the second vessel coming off the right coronary artery and moves across the right ventricle
    right marginal branch
  19. which vessles do you need to know are found on the right exterior of the heart
    • 1. right coronary artery
    • 2. posterior interventricular branch
    • 3. right marginal branch
  20. how many mL of blood in EDV
    120 mL
  21. mL of blood in ESV
    50 mL
  22. mL of blood in SV
    70 mL
  23. mL of blood per CO
    5000 mL (5L)
  24. what phase of the cardiac cycle does atrial depolarization occur?
    P wave
  25. what phase of the cardiac cycle does venricular depoarization occur?
    QRS wave
  26. what phase of the cardiac cycle does ventricular repolarization occur?
    T wave
  27. when does atrial repolarization occur?
    QRS wave
  28. Can atrial repolarization be viewed on an EKG?
    No, hidden by ventricular depolarization.
  29. Reading for BP that is too high
    over 140 / 90
  30. Reading for pre-hypertension BP
    Between 120-139 / 80-89
  31. normal BP reading
    less than 119/79
  32. hematocrit range for males
    45 - 52%
  33. hematocrit range for females
  34. hemoglobin range for males
    14-18 gm%
  35. hemoglobin range for females
    12-16 gm%
  36. how is hemoglobin measured?
    gm / 100mL shown as gm%
  37. most prevalent formed element of blood
    red blood cells
  38. second most prevelant formed element of blood
  39. order of white blood cells from most prevalent to least prevalent
    • Neutrophil
    • Lymphocyte
    • Monocyte
    • Eosinophil
    • Basophil
  40. Image Upload 1
  41. this white blood cell is much larger than a RBC, has granules and a segmented purple nucleus
  42. how can you tell apart a neutrophil from a monocyte?
    they are similar in size, but neutrophil has granules and segmented purple nucleus whereas monocyte lacks granules and has a large purple unsegmented (but may be curved) nucleus.
  43. Image Upload 2
  44. which WBC is much larger than a RBC, does not have granules, but has a large purple nucleus and violet cytoplasm
  45. Image Upload 3
  46. which WBC has dark red granules (darker than RBCs) a large purple nucleus and is much larger than RBCs?
  47. Image Upload 4
  48. WBC with purple sand throughout, much larger than RBC
  49. Image Upload 5
  50. WBC with large purple nucleus and small violet cytoplasm ring. almost as small as RBC.
  51. How can you tell the difference between a monocyte and a lymphocyte?
    both have large purple nucleus with violet cytoplasm. Monocyte will have more cytoplasm and be much larger than a RBC. Lymphocyte will be similar in size to a RBC.
  52. Image Upload 6
  53. same size and coloring as RBC but has spots in it
  54. a blood smear with more than 22 WBCs in the field of view
    lymphocytic leukemia
  55. a blood smear with many erythrocytes and only about 2 WBCs in field of view
    normal blood smear
  56. RBC count range for female
    4.2 - 5.4 million.uL
  57. RBC count range for male
    4.6 - 6.2 million / uL
  58. normal platelet count
    130,000 - 360,000 / uL
  59. bony folds inside nasal cavity
    nasal conchae or turbinates
  60. flat, shiny, cartilage-like bone that separates left and right nostril
    nasal septum
  61. cavity in bone above turbinates
    frontal sinus
  62. cavity in cranium above hard and soft palate
    sphenoidal sinus
  63. space where space of nasal passage meets throat
  64. space where mouth cavity meets throat cavity
  65. opening of top of throat
  66. tiny hole found in back, side of nasal passage above the soft palate
    eustachian tube
  67. tiny bump at way back of mouth alongside tongue
    palatine tonsil
  68. cord that is under tongue
    lingual frenulum
  69. bumps on tongue
  70. bumps on front of tongue that are spike and used for grooming
    filiform papillae
  71. opening in top of larynx
  72. flap that covers opening at top of larynx
  73. pieces that form slit-like opening inside larynx
    arytenoid cartilage
  74. largest most noticeable cartilage on front of larynx
    thyroid cartilage
  75. ring shape cartilage at bottom of larynx
    cricoid cartilage
  76. connective tissue adhered directly to lung
    visceral pleura
  77. connective tissue of lung adhered to rib cage
    parietal pleura
  78. gland tissue found on top of heart
    thymus gland
  79. fatty apron
    greater omentum
  80. rear, small lobes of liver
    caudate lobes
  81. thin sheet of connective tissue found attaching liver to diaphragm
    falciform ligament
  82. blind sac found at beginning of large intestine
  83. portion of small intestine right before large intestine
  84. hard valve found separating small and large intestine
    ileocecal valve
  85. band found running from liver and gall bladder to duodenum
    common bile duct
  86. first part of small intestine
  87. middle portion of small intestine
  88. another name for large intestine
  89. another name for all intestines
  90. where is the pancreas
    along duodenum and stomach
  91. where is spleen
    left of greater omentum and stomach (cat's left)
  92. list the parts of the stomach
    fundus, body, pyloris
  93. name the sac that surrounds the heart
    pericardial sac
Card Set
APII Lab Exam Unit 4
practice for anatomy exam includes heart anatomy, cat digestive and respiratory system anatomy, blood cells and typing, ekg reading, heart sounds
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