Political science chapter 4&5.txt
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- Identify the three Civil War amendments.
- 1) Thirteenth Amendment - The first of the Civil War amendments to the constitution, adopted in 1865, it banned slavery throughout the United States.
- 2) Fourteenth Amendment - All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States. All men in any state have the right to vote. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in congress, or elector or hold any government job or engaged in rebellish acts UNLESS, 2/3 of each house votes to remove the disability.
- 3) Fifthtenth Amendment - The right of citizens of the u.s to vote shall ot be denied or abridged by the u.s or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.can be enforced by congress.
In which case did the Supreme Court first selectively incorporate?
Bill of Rights.
Which level of government did the bill of rights originally restrain?
Federal because it was not intended to apply to the states.
Which amendment or parts of amendments in the Bill of Rights have not been incorporated?
Only the sixth amendment sibulation about a trials location, the seventh amendments situbulation for a jury trial in most civil suits, the 8ths ban of excessive bail and fines, and the third not housing troops.
What is meant by prior restraint?
Official censorship before something is said or published or censorship that halts publication already under way.
Why is prior restraint dangerous to free expression?
Because government does not have to go to the trouble of launching a prosecution and convicting someone at a trial.
What are examples of symbolic speech?
Words pictures and ideas examples are burning the flag.
Define Libel and Slander?
- Libel- involving publication defamation of a person character or reputation, libel may be subject to a publisher or TV network.
- Slander - false, malicious statements that damage a person's reputation.
What standard did the supreme court develop in New York Times vs. Sullivan?
Makes it difficult for public figures and officials to bring successful libel suits against their critics.
What are the 3 parts of the Lemon Test?
- 1) the law question must have secular purpose.
- 2) a neutral effect.
- 3) must avoid excessive entanglement between church and state.
What are the 4 basic parts of the Miranda Warning?
- 1) advise the suspect of the right to remain silent.
- 2) warn the suspect that statements he might make may be used as evidence at a trial.
- 3) inform suspect of his/her rights to have a lawyer present during interogation.
- 4) offer the services of a lawyer free of charge.
What does the ninth amendment suggest that Americans have?
The right of privacy, also suggest that the people posse rights not specified in the constitution.
How does the eighth amendment limit government?
No torture, conditions are not criminal (alcoholism), punishment must fit the crime.
What are 3 meanings of the concept of equality and how do the authors liken each one to the stage of a marathon?
- Equality of opputunity - remove barriers of discrimnation.
- Equality of condition - requires policy such as redistribution of income, that seeks to reduce or eliminate the effect of past discrimination.
- Equality of result - places people on a equal footing with others.
In which case did the Supreme court announce the doctrine of "Seperate-but-Equal" ?
Plessy v. Ferguson
What did the Supreme Court rule in the case of UC Regents v. Bakke?
Can't use race as a deciding factor when accepting students into a school.
What did the equal pay act of 1963 command?
"Equal pay for equal work"
How is the principle of the equal pay act, 1963 differ from the concept of "Comparable worth"?
Equal pay for jobs of equal value vs. Equal pay for equal work
Which is the nations fastest-growing minority?
What were the 3 parts of the Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986?
- 1) illegal immigrants that were in the US before 1981 were granted amnesty.
- 2) required employers to verify American citizenship.
- 3) granted amnesty to certain seasonal agricultural illegal immigrants.
What would proprosation 187 have done?
Deny services and such as education or medical care to illegal immigrants.
What are the arguments for and against drivers licenses for illegal immigrants?
- Supporters argue that it will lead to safer roads as drivers are certified and able to buy car insurance.
- Opponents see drivers license as rewarding illegal immigration.
Is there a single public opinion? Explain thy answer?
There is no single public opinion; Different public's or groups of people think differently about political questions.
Is the public as a whole essentially uninterested in politics?
No, a substantial number of people indicate a considerable degree of interest.
Why are Americans generally so proud of their country and positive about its institutions?
They are raised and taught all their lives to be proud to be an American another reason is Americans like the idea of equality.
What are the contridictory purposes of American history, Social Studies, Economics, and Political Science textbooks?
Every society wants to instill in its youth favorable feelings toward its values and institutions, but where is the line between socialization and brainwashing?
What were the responses of the American public opinion 9/11 attacks?
Some argued that the Patriot Act of 2001 went too far in restricting civil liberties but by the end of 2006 only 30% of Americans thought the act needed major changes or should be eliminated completely. In 2010 many Americans believed " it is nesscary to give up some civil liberties to make the country safe from terrorism."
Identify agents of socialization.
A "teacher" in the process of political socialization, for example, the family, the school, a peer group, or the mass media.
What are the many ways in which politics socalization takes place in the school?
political participation, political knowledgeablity, and political tolerance, among many others.
How did American public opinion diverge from public opinion in other countries after the 9/11 attacks?
A vast majority of Americans supported the government's initial reponse to 9/11 until it came to invading their privacy. Around the world the response seemed to be more varied. England was very supportive. Russia was supportive but hesitant because they felt the war on terrorism was wrong without evidence. Several nations stood opposed to nearly all American military efforts.
Why is Anthony downs' economic theory of democracy important?
The book set forth a model with precise conditions under which economic theory could be applied to non market political decision making.
What are examples of protest within the law?
- 1) Marches and rallies
- 2) Boycotts
- 3) Picketing
What are the examples of protest outside the law?
- 1.) Riots
- 2.) Politically motivated crimes
- 3.) Disruption
The refusal of citizens to buy a particular product or use a certain services.
Define Political efficency.
Is a person's sense of being able to accomplish something politically. An important determination of political participation.
Define passive resistance.
A form of civil disobedience in which protesters do not actively oppose government's attempts to control them, but rather refuse to cooperate by doing nothing-- for example by going limp when police try to pick them up or insisting on being carried to a police van rather than walking.
How do some supporters of civil disobedience justify breaking the law?
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