Psych Exam #2

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  1. The dendrites of a neuron ______.

    A. conduct infromation toward muscles or other neurons
    B. contain the chromosomes
    C. recieve information from other neurons
    D. are the main site for synthesizing new proteins
    C. recieve information from other neurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The all-or-none principle applies to ______.

    A. whether a person has neurons or glia
    B. the sending of an action potential
    C. the release of neurotransmitters
    D. Nervous system arousal
    B. the sending of an action potential
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The brain is divided into _____ hemisphere and ______ hemisphere.

    A. an upper; a lower
    B. a front; a rear
    C. an inner; an outer
    D. a left; a right
    D. a left; a right
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The primary somatosensory cortex (also called the somatosensory stirp) is located in the ____ lobe.

    A. temporal
    B. parietal
    C. occipital
    D. frontal
    B. parietal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The parasympathetic nervous system controls_____.

    A. movement of the voluntary skeletal muscles
    B. fight or flight activities
    C. the acquisition of information from all of the sensory systems
    D. digestion and other activities that occur during rest
    D. digestion and other activities that occur during rest
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The set of nerve fibers that connect the two hemispheres of the brain is called the _____.

    A. cerebellum
    B. corpus callosum
    C. hippocampus
    D. thalamus
    B. corpus callosum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. An afferent nerve_____.

    A. carries messages form the occipital lobe to the thalamus
    B. carries emssages that are being sent from the central nervous system to other parts of the body
    C. is a nerve that has been damaged by disease or injury
    D. carries messages that are being sent toward the central nervous system
    D. carries messages that are being sent toward the central nervous system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The cones in the retina are _____.

    A. not involved with color vision
    B. more sensitive to detail due to being densely packed in the fovea
    C. more nuerous in the periphery of the retina than in the fovea
    D. only needed for vision in very dim light
    B. more sensitive to detail due to being densely packed in the fovea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which branch of the peripheral nervous system regulates our physiology and controls internal organs?

    A. autonomic nervous system
    B. somatic nervous system
    C. motor nervous system
    D. sensory nervous system
    A. autonomic nervous system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following plays a role in the control of movement?

    A. cerebellum
    B. basal ganglia
    C. motor strip
    D. all of the above
    E. none of the above
    D. all of the above
  11. When a message is sent from one neuron to another neuron, chemicals may bind to the membrane of the neuron receiving the message. The locations at which this binding occurs are known as _____.

    A. receptor sites
    B. clefts
    C. vesicles
    D. junctions
    A. receptor sites
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. We are able to see because____.

    A. light, which is emitted or reflected by objects, enters our eyes and changes the firing rates of our photoreceptors
    B. both A and B
    C. our eyes emit beams of light that illuminate our surroundings
    D. none of the above
    A. light, which is emitted or reflected by objects, enters our eyes and changes the firing rates of our photoreceptors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. One of the pictoial cues to depth is known as aerial perspective (among other terms). Which of the following would probably be true of an astronaut on the surface of the moon (where there is no air) looking at a mountain 5 miles away?

    A. Due to the lack of air between the mountain and the astronaut, the mountain would appear much closer than it would at the same distance on earth
    B. Due to the lack of air between the mountain and the sun, the mountain would appear much closer than it would at the same distance on earth.
    C. Due to the lack of air between the mountain and the sun, the mountain would appear much farther away than it would at the same distance on earth
    D. Due to the lack of air between the mountain and the astronaut, the mountain would appear much farther away thanit would at the same distance on earth.
    A. Due to the lack of air between the mountain and the astronaut, the mountain would appear much closer than it would at the same distance on earth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Sometimes you can tell that an object is close to you because you have to point your eyes toward the center (i.e., both eyes pointing somewhat toward your nose) to place the image of the object on the most sensitive area of each retina. This cue to distance is known as _____.

    A. proximity
    B. convergence
    C. accommodation
    D. retinal disparity
    B. convergence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The damage to the brain of Broca's famous patient was located was located in the _____.

    A. frontal lobe
    B. cerebellum
    C. temporal lobe
    D. occipital lobe
    E. parietal lobe
    A. frontal lobe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. As explained in the textbook, which of the following is most closely related to (and lends support to) the opponent-process theory of color vision?

    A. After staring at a bright green object for a minute, one can look away and see a red afterimage
    B. People have little or no color vision in dim light
    C. People have fairly good color perception even through different light sources (e.g., the sun, florescent office lighting, household incandescent light bulbs) produce different wavelengths of light. It even explains why color perception is not completely disrupted by wearing green tinted sunglasses
    D. People have better color vision in the fovea of the retina than they do oin the periphery
    A. After staring at a bright green object for a minute, one can look away and see a red afterimage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What makes the electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths from 400 to 700 nanometers visible to humans?

    A. Those are the only wavelengths at which electromagnetic waves can occur
    B. Those are the only wavelengths that can pass through the cornea
    C. Those wavelengths match the frequency of action potentials produced in the optic nerve.
    D. Our photoreceptors respond to wavelengths in that range, but not to other wavelengths
    D. Our photoreceptors respond to wavelengths in that range, but not to other wavelengths
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. As mentioned in the textbook, the sense of smell is also known as _____.

    A. audition
    B. olfaction
    C. gustation
    D. the tactile sense
    B. olfaction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Suppose that in some small area of the retina the short wavelength (S) cones are sending signals indicating a high intensity of light, but the long wavelength (L) and medium wavelength (M) cones in that area are not responding to the wavelength of light striking them. Under such conditions, what color experience is most likely to result from this combination of activity and inactivity?

    A. bright green
    B. dark grey
    C. violet or blue
    D. red or orange
    C. violet or blue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The percieved pitch of a sound depends primarily on the ____ of the sound waves.

    A. amplitude
    B. velocity
    C. location
    D. wavelength
    D. wavelength
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The reason that signals from light-sensitive neurons in the eyes are experienced as vision but signals from vibration- sensitive neurons in the ears are experienced as hearing is that _____.

    A. different senses send sinals in fundamentally different ways: Neurons in the eyes send messages based on firing rate, but those from the ears are based on the intensity of each neuron's action potential.
    B. different senses send signals in fundamentally different ways: Signals from the eyes are electrical but those from the ears are chemical
    C. althought all sensory neurons use fundamentally the same "code" for their messages, the type of experience they produce depends on where those signals end up in the brain
    D. none of the above
    C. althought all sensory neurons use fundamentally the same "code" for their messages, the type of experience they produce depends on where those signals end up in the brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. As explained in the text, the receptor cells along the basilar membrane, which give rise to hearing, are called ____.

    A. ear drums
    B. hair cells
    C. ossicles
    D. semi-circular canals
    B. hair cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. As you watch a car drive toward you, you do not perceive it as actually growing large, even though its image on your retina grows larger. the name for this phenomenon is ______.

    A. size constancy
    B. convergence
    C. shape constancy
    D. proximity
    A. size constancy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. For an axon to transmit an action potential, what must cross the axon's membrane?

    A. positive ions
    B. glucose
    C. water
    D. hormones
    A. positive ions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Broca's patient lost the ability to _____.

    A. see
    B. hear
    C. form new memories
    D. speak
    D. speak
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The two parts of the autonomic nervous system are ____.

    A. the sympathetic and the parasympathetic
    B. the sympathetic and unsympathetic
    C. the central and the peripheral
    D. the peripheral and the foveal
    A. the sympathetic and the parasympathetic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Severe damage to ______ is associated with the loss of the ability to form new memories.

    A. the cerebellum
    B. the thalamus
    C. the hippocampus
    D. Broca's area
    C. the hippocampus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. A person who has normal vision in well-lit environments (e.g., outside during the day), but who has little or no vision in dim light, probably has a problem with which type of photoreceptor?

    A. rods
    B. medium wavelength cones (M-cones)
    C. long wavelength cones (L-cones)
    D. short wavelength cones (S-cones)
    A. rods
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Compared to those of the nervous system, the endocrine system's effects are relatively _____.

    A. slow, brief, and highly localized
    B. slow, long lasting, and wide-spread
    C. rapid, long lasting, and highly localized
    D. rapid, brief, and wide-spread
    B. slow, long lasting, and wide-spread
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. As a depth cue, accommodation means obtaining information about an objct's distance from ____.

    A. the convergence of parallel lines in the visual plane
    B. the difference between the position of the eobject's image on each retina
    C. the degree to which the lens must change shape in order for the image of the object to be in focus on the retina
    D. the angle at which the eyes are directed relative to each other
    C. the degree to which the lens must change shape in order for the image of the object to be in focus on the retina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The blind spot of the retina is the point where ____.

    A. the pupil casts a shadow onto the retina
    B. the optic nerve leaves the retina
    C. the rod area overlaps the cone area
    D. the lens fails to focus an image
    B. the optic nerve leaves the retina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. A likely topic of study for ______ psychologist would be how people's well-being is influenced by smokin, drinking, diet, and exercise.

    A. a cognitive
    B. an industrial
    C. a forensic
    D. a health
    D. a health
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. According to those holdign the view known as determinism, why is it sometimes impossible to predict people's behavior accurately?

    A. Some behaviors have causes but others do not
    B. People have a free will
    C. The experimental method is appropriate only for the physical sciences, not for the behavioral sciences
    D. Someties the causes are so complex that it is impossible to predict some behaviors
    D. Someties the causes are so complex that it is impossible to predict some behaviors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. After using which of the following research designs should a researcher be most confident in making statements about cause and effect?

    A. case study
    B. descriptive study
    C. correlational study
    D. experimental study
    D. experimental study
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. A proponent of ESP claims that ESP shows up only when the "vibrations" are right and that there is no way to know whether the "vibrations" are right except to see whether ESP shows up. From a scientific standpoint, what is wrong with this theory?

    A. it relies too heavily on operational definitions
    B. It is not falsifiable
    C. It has too many dependent variables
    D. It relies too heavily on negative correlations
    B. It is not falsifiable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. _____ are used to make unobservable abstract concepts, such as "friendliness" or "racism", specific and measurable.
    A. Operational Definitions
    B. Constructs
    C. Data
    D. Correlations
    A. Operational Definitions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Researchers favoring the perspective known as Behaviorism frequently used non-human animals as subjects de in part to their belief that ____.

    A. humans have minds and other species do not
    B. research on humans was unethical
    C. it is impossible to get accurate data from humans
    D. behavioral laws are essentially the same across different species
    D. behavioral laws are essentially the same across different species
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. A dependent variable is a variable that _______.

    A. the researcher measures
    B. the participants themselves measure
    C. is held constant by the researcher and not permitted to vary
    D. the researcher manipulates
    A. the researcher measures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. If the difference between the average performance of participants in two different experimental gropus is "statistically significant" then _____.

    A. the result must be of theoretical importance
    B. the difference between the average performances in the two groups must be very large
    C. the difference is one that would occur by chance alone only rarely
    D. the difference could not have occurred as a result of chance alone
    C. the difference is one that would occur by chance alone only rarely
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. James, who likes to play golf every Saturday, beliees that it rains more often on Saturdays than on weekdays. However, he is relying entirely on casuals impressions. He has never collected data systematically to test his hypothesis. His belief is most likely an example of _____.

    A. a demand characteristic
    B. an independent variable
    C. the rational method
    D. an illusory correlation
    D. an illusory correlation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Suppose that a study using a correlational design found a positive relationship between a) the number of times children got in trouble with the law (e.g., were caught shoplifting) and b) the number of hours their mothers worked outside the home. That is, children whose mothers worked more hours outside the home were more likely to get into trouble with the police. suppose also that the study included a large number of participants and that the results were "statistically significant". With no additional information, which of the following conclusions are appropriate to draw from the results of this research?

    A. both A and B
    B. The criminal tendencies of some children cause their mothers to find as many opportunities as possible to be out of the home in order to avoid contact with their children.
    C. due the type of research design, neither A nor B is an appropriate conclusion.
    D. a reduction in maternal contact causes criminal behavior in children
    C. due the type of research design, neither A nor B is an appropriate conclusion.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
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139146
Card Set
Psych Exam #2
Description
Second psych exam
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