PSYC #6 Unit 3

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Supriya
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139212
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PSYC #6 Unit 3
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2012-03-02 21:55:38
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Unit Biological Psychology
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Biological Psychology Daily oral quizes
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  1. What part of the brain links the forebrain with the hindbrain?
    Midbrain
  2. What are the four parts of the hindbrain?
    • reticular formation
    • cerebellum
    • medulla
    • pons
  3. what part of the hindbrain controls finely coordinated movements?
    cerebellum
  4. what part of the hindbrain controls breathing and heart rate?
    Medulla
  5. what part of the hindbrain controls sleep and links the brain to spinal cord?
    Pons
  6. A cut of a purposeful destruction of a specific part of the brain to learn more about the brain and behavior.
    Lesion
  7. Please name the railroad worker whose personality dramatically changed after he suffered damage to his frontal lobe.
    Phineas Gage
  8. What machine records electrical activity in large portions of the brain and is used to study sleep?
    EEG
  9. What brain imaging machine uses Xrays to produce an image of the Brain's structure?
    CT scan
  10. what brain imaging machine shows how the brain functions?
    PET scan
  11. What brain imaging machine uses magnets produce an image of the Brain's structure?
    MRI
  12. What brain imaging machine shows both the structure and functionning of the brain?
    fMRI
  13. Stage one sleep is characterized by what kind of brain waves?
    Alpha waves
  14. Stage two sleep is characterized by what kind of brain waves?
    Theta waves
  15. Stage four sleep is characterized by what kind of brain waves?
    Delta waves
  16. Stage one sleep is characterized by sudden jerks called what?
    Hypnic twitches
  17. Stage two sleep is characterized by what kind of EEG waveforms?
    • Sleep spindles
    • K complexes
  18. Deep sleep occurs during which sleep stage?
    Stage 4
  19. Parasomnias occur duing which sleep stage?
    Stage 4
  20. What does REM sleep stand for?
    Rapid Eye Movement
  21. REM sleep is also called what?
    • Active Sleep
    • Paradoxical
  22. This sleep disorder affects older men; they act out their dreams while asleep.
    REM sleep disorder
  23. This sleep disorder is characterized by the inability to fall asleep
    Insomnia
  24. This sleep disorder is characterized by suddenly falling asleep.
    Narcolepsy
  25. This sleep disorder is characterized by difficulty breathing while asleep.
    Sleep Apnea
  26. What kind of psychoactive drugs decrease the activity of the CNS?
    Depressants
  27. What kind of psychoactive drugs increase the activity of the CNS?
    Stimulants
  28. Alcohol and barbiturates are examples of what kind of psychoactive drug?
    depressants
  29. Nicotine, cocaine and caffeine are examples of what kind of psychoactive drugs?
    stimulants
  30. Opium, heroin and morphine are exaples of what kind of psychoactive drugs?
    Opiates
  31. Raw information form the senses.
    Sensation
  32. Raw sensation given meaning in the cerebral cortex.
    Perception
  33. What is the conversion of a stimulus into a neural impulse is called?
    Transduction
  34. The point at which a person becomes aware of a stimulus is called what?
    Threshold
  35. Minimun amount of a stimulus that can be detected 50% of the time.
    Absolute threshold theory
  36. Detecting a stimulus in the presence of cometing stimuli.
    Signal detection theory
  37. Smallest noticeable increse/decrease in the intensity of a stimulus.
    difference threshold
  38. What does JND stand for?
    just noticeable difference
  39. What theory states the bigger or stronger the stimulus, the bigger or stronger the change has to be in order for detection to occur?
    Weber's Law
  40. The ability to detect a stimulus.
    Sensitivity
  41. decreasing responsiveness to an unchanging stimulus.
    • adaptation
    • habituation
  42. This is the outer most part of the eye; it bends and focuses light waves into narrow beams.
    Cornea
  43. This is the opening of the eye that allows light into the eye.
    Pupil
  44. This is the muscle which opens of closes the pupil;gives your eye color.
    Iris
  45. This part of your eye bends and focuses light waves into narrow beams inside your eye.
    Lens
  46. This part of your eye contains photoreceptors;performs transductions.
    Retina
  47. Please name the two kinds of photoreceptor cells found in the eye.
    • Rods
    • Cones
  48. What nerve carries visual impulses from the eye to the brain?
    Optic nerve
  49. What nerve carries auditory impulses from the ear to the brain?
    Auditory nerve
  50. What nerve carries smell impulses from the nose to the brain?
    Olfactory nerve
  51. What term refers to the difference between the 2 images we sense?
    retinal disparity
  52. What term refers to the process of fusing 2 images into 1 image?
    Binocular Fusion
  53. The eardrum is also called what?
    Tympanic Membrane
  54. What part of the ear performs auditory transduction?
    Cochlea
  55. What kind of deafness is caused when the outer or middle ear cannot carry sound and can be helped with a hearing aid?
    Conduction deafness
  56. What kind of deafness is caused by inner ear damage and may be helped with a cochlear implant?
    Sensorineural deafness
  57. Kind of mental processing; occurs when we use our experience to form a perception from what we sense.
    Top-down processing
  58. Kind of mental processing; occurs when we pull sensations together to form a whole, new perception.
    Bottom-up processing
  59. Visual perceptual constancy can occur in what three ways?
    • color
    • shape
    • size
  60. Depth perception can be influenced by what two kinds of depth cues?
    • Monocular Depth cues
    • Binocular depth cues

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