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  1. which culture is associated with the practice of immersing the body of the dead in earthen jars filled with honey or wax
  2. with which era are the years 30,000 b.c to 6,000 b.c associated?
    Neolithic period
  3. the years associated with the medieval period are
    600 ad to 1850 ad
  4. tree burial was associated with which of the following
    north American Indians
  5. the year 1628 is associated with which great event in history of embalming?
    discovery of blood circulation
  6. the one in Egypt known as god of the underworld & judge of the dead was
  7. the ones who created mummies that were referred to as xaxos were the
  8. in egyptian history, the walled suburb of a major city where embalming was preformed was referred to as the
  9. the earliest assumed state of man was depictive of which era?
  10. which of these cultures were believed to have thrown their dead to hordes of wild dog?
  11. according to ancient Egyptian death beliefs, the element of the body which remained with the body in the grave & demanded attention from the living was the
  12. the most expensive method of Egyptian embalming consisted of 5 steps, the last of which was
    bandaging & anointing
  13. according to the ancient Egyptian history, which of the following numbers approximates the number of years required to complete the journey known as the "circle of necessity"?
  14. the term sarcophagus refers to which of the following?
    a coffin
  15. which people are known to have skinned their dead as part of the body preparation procedure?
    north American Indians
  16. the term "tabona" referred to which of the following?
    a flint stone knife
  17. the Egyptians felt that which of the following was the seat of intellect & emotion?
  18. which is the following did the Egyptians believe to be the center of the universe?
    the sun
  19. how often did the inundation (overflowing) of the Nile river occur?
    once a year
  20. regarding the journey known as the circle of necessity, according to the Egyptians, where did the journey lead?
    to the sun & back
  21. who was the Greek historian known as the "father of history"?
  22. the "guild of all souls" was established in
    London, England
  23. the "father of modern embalming" in the US is
    Thomas Holmes
  24. in discussing the undertaking specialist of ancient Egypt, which one of the following was referred to as the priest?
  25. the Ba, Yakhu, The name, the heart, the shadow & the Ka are elements of the body that were associated with which of the following cultures?
  26. Libitina & Libitinetius are funeral functionaries identified with which of the following early cultures?
  27. the "crier" in ancient Rome was also referred to as the
  28. the cult of Dionysus is associated with which of the following cultures?
    ancient Greeks
  29. the "Elysian fields" death belief is associated with which of the following culture?
    ancient Greeks
  30. the "cult of Osiris" identified with which early civilization?
    ancient Egyptians
  31. the placing of various organs in canopic jars & embalming by class distinction was specifically associated with which of the following early civilizations?
    ancient Egyptians
  32. the "designator" in ancient Rome was also referred to as the
    master of ceremonies
  33. the use of an "effigy" became popularized during
    middle ages
  34. during the middle ages, a death waxed mask was referred to as an
  35. the great plague of London took place during the
    middle ages
  36. the great plague of London took place in
  37. a "sin-eater" was associated with which of the following
    middle ages
  38. in discussing early American funerals, invitees to funerals & town undertakers were referred to as
    municipal officers
  39. the Egyptian "god of the dead" was
  40. burial societies were becoming common place during
    medieval period
  41. the first people to dress their dead in white clothing were the
  42. the person who was responsible for bringing european embalming techniques to the U.S was
  43. the term used by the Jewish people to represent the flesh was
  44. jewish burials were scheduled
    during the day of death before sundown
  45. the medieval irish wakes were known for their
    light hearted practices
  46. the most common form of disposition for the early Scandinavians was
  47. which of the following is not true of the ancient Jewish funeral
    the women always prepared the dead bodies.
  48. another name for the dark ages was
    middle ages
  49. the period of time when the Egyptian were embalming bodies was
  50. the name of the Jewish grave that was covered with a stone slab is
  51. burial trends during the middle ages were greatly influenced by the
  52. the "kiss of peace" represented a major break in tradition between the Christians & the
  53. one of the countries which made mask making very popular in replacing the body during the periods the body was lying in state was
  54. the country which practiced "communion of the dead" was
    Ireland & Scotland
  55. which of the following is not part of a roman committal service
    burial mass celebrated at the grave site
  56. the focal point of a roman funeral procession was the
    torch bearer
  57. the name of the place of Greek afterlife was
  58. which of the following does not have any significance in the Greek burial practices & customs
    gods little acre
  59. Constantine sumptuary laws
    was a body of mortuary laws
  60. the name of Christian ruler in Rome was
  61. which of the following individuals involved in the Egyptian embalming process was the most prominent?
  62. of the following individuals involved in the Egyptian embalming process, the person who marked the length of the incision with a charcoal pencil was the
  63. the % of egyptians prepared by the inexpensive method of embalming was?
  64. which of the following was not part of an Egyptian funeral procession?
  65. of the following individuals involved in the Egyptian embalming process, who was in charge of the funeral procession of an influential Egyptian ?
  66. the roman "head undertaker" was referred to as the
  67. early Scandinavians referred to Valhalla as
    land of the desd
  68. in the mythological concept of the geek afterlife, the Greeks prepared the body to go to
  69. many historians credit the Greeks as the first to use
  70. the person who discovered formaldehyde in 1868 was
  71. the person who had Gannal's book published in the US was
  72. the people who dressed their dead in togas were the
  73. the people who cremated their dead with all their worldly possessions were
    northern Europeans
  74. who usually had their funeral processions during the night
  75. the Jewish people believed the individual was made up of two elements which were
    nefesh & Basar
  76. the deceased Hebrews dressed in
    their best attire
  77. Jewish funeral customs were noted for their
  78. the Jewish religious sect which had a very strict viewpoint of their religious policies & procedures were the
  79. the injection of cedar oil into the abdomen of the body was utilized in the medium priced method of Egyptian embalming, causing the organs in the cavity to
    be dissolved
  80. what approximate % of Egyptian populace were prepared by the expensive method of embalming?
  81. the canopic jars which housed the organs of deceased Egyptians were named after the four sons of
  82. in ancient Egyptian beliefs of the cult of Osiris, who was osiris wicked brother?
  83. the deity who is known as the god of the underworld is
  84. the sun worshippers believed people were developed from ____ elements?
  85. the necropolis was
    city of the dead
  86. egyptian burial receptables which were large, massive, and rectangular in shape describe the _____ casket
  87. the civilization of people whose faith neccessitated burial of the deceased by sundown on the day of death was the
  88. the most desirable mode of disposition for the egyptians was
  89. the individual designated to eviscerate & wash the egyptian remains was
    none of these
  90. the egyptian coffin which gained popularity because of the influence of Osiris was called the
  91. which of the following is not part of the expensive egyptian embaling method
    immersion in molten asphalt
  92. the individual involved in embaling the egyptian dead whose functions were embalming & wrapping of the remains was
  93. the individual involved in the embalming the egyptian dead whose function was to anoint the body with the necessary oils, spices & ointments was the
    apothecary servant
  94. the most noted impact the egyptian coffins had on another civilization was with the
  95. which of the following came first
    funeral customs
  96. the _______ are credited with the introduction of cremation
  97. with the intro of coffins & early funeral goods, which of the following were primarily pursuing the undertaking profession
  98. which of the following was not a consideration in the development of coffins & burial cases
    importance on preservation of the deceased
  99. which of the followin was not a consideration with the intoduction of the metallic burial casket
    oz per sq ft
  100. which of the following was not a major influence in the development of chemical embalming?
    the civil war
  101. early methods of transporting the body included all but which of the following?
  102. during the 19th century, various chemical manufacturers were influential in the development of mortuary education & the rising prevalence of embalming. among the services which those companies offered the undertaker included all but
    merchandising technique for use in the casket room
  103. which of the following is associated with the introduction & development of early funeral transportation?
    crane & breed
  104. as casket manufacturers became more sophisticated in their merchandise, which of the following was an attitudinal change which was reflected in their product
    more aesthetic luxury
  105. wo is credited with revieving one, if not the first patent, in regards to life preserving coffins?
    christian eisenbrandt
  106. a waxed death mask of nobility was referred to as an
  107. the wake during the middle ages was also referred to as the
    vigil for the dead
  108. edwin chadwick is associated with wich of the following?
    investigator of mass corription in regards to english practices
  109. in ancient egypt the priest was also referred to as the
  110. dionysius was recognized as
    the god of wine
  111. the burial in wooden act took place in what year
  112. which funeral functionary in ancient rome was identified as the crier
  113. the god of the underworld is recognized with wic of the following
  114. in ancient rome, this early death belief said that te body & soul were composed of atoms which simply disintegrated at death. who is responsible for influencing this belief
  115. one of the first coffin shop/warehouses was started in New york by which of the following
    john l. dillon
  116. receptacles that were patented in the early 19th century but which gained no popular appeal were referred to as
  117. a social development in the middle-ages whereby the bodies of the noble were separated & the bones were broughht back to their home in a chest describes
    independent bone burial
  118. in discussing early american undertakig inviters to funerals were considered to be
    municipal officers
  119. which of the following received one of the first patents for a corpse cooler/cooling board during the 19th century
    robert fredrick & CA trump
  120. in ancient rome, where did burial & or entombment take place
    outside the walls of rome
  121. in discussing ancient roman culture, the desingator was also referred to as
    the master of ceremonies
  122. the goddes of corpses & funerals is recognized as
  123. the egyptian undertaking specialist whose job included making medicines & anointing the body of the deceased was referred to as
    the apothecary
  124. which of the following is known for featuring a horse drawn hearse at the chicago worlds fair in 1893 that resembled a church like design & which weighed 2400 lbs
    crane & breed
  125. which of the following is not considered to be an influential person in the development of embalming schools?
    edwin chadwick
  126. which of the following is NOT a reason why auto funerals would be slow in being accepted
    auto hearses were less costly than the traditional horse-drawn hearse
  127. by virtue of technical skill & knowledge which of the following individuals in particular was qualified to fulfill the role as coroner in early america
    town undertakers
  128. in discussing metallic burial caskets, the ogee design served what purpse?
    it reduced the excess space that characterized most metallic burial caskets & it reduced the access weight that characterized most metallic burial caskets
  129. which of the following receptacles was used for ex president grant
    style-e state casket
  130. MH crane & JR Barnes acquired the manufacturing rights from fisk in what year
  131. the head undertaker in ancient rome was referred to as the
  132. the evisceration of body organs & their placement in 4 canopic jars was associated with the embalming practices of which ancient civilization
  133. the individual to receive the first american patent on a metallic coffin (1836) was
    james a gray
  134. which of these individuals criticized the use of common preservatives such as arsenic in regards to embalming
    dr thomas holmes
  135. a ______ or long pleated arrangment of fine linen was worn by a widow during the middle ages, this arrangment resembled a beard
  136. during the late middle ages who began experimenting with embalming
    anatomist & surgeon
  137. in discussing edwin chadwicks report what did he reccomend
    all cemeteries be municipalized & religious rites be simplified & standardized
  138. first to successfully adopt arterial injection as a means of perservatives
    dr william hunter
  139. whose credited with the discovery of hunters canal
    john hunter
  140. credited with discovering formaldehyde
    august hofman
  141. father of embalming
    dr frederick ruysch
  142. father of embalming in the US
    dr thomas holmes
  143. discovered the circulation of blood
    dr william harvey
  144. father of histology
    marcello malphigi
  145. author of history of embalming
    jean gannal
  146. father of bacteriology
    anthony van leeuwenhoek
  147. painter of the last supper
    leonardo da vinci
  148. the purpose of the funeral feast during the middle ages
    welcome heir to new estate
  149. father of modern embalming in the US
    dr thomas holmes
  150. pateneted process of embalming involving the injection of an arsenic alcohol mixture
    j anthony gaussardia
  151. the fisk metallic coffin was patented in this year
  152. edwin chadwick publishes his report in this year
Card Set:
2012-03-03 05:31:26

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