Muscle Terms Week 1

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Author:
irlupz
ID:
139239
Filename:
Muscle Terms Week 1
Updated:
2012-03-03 00:35:48
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Human Anatomy Muscle Terms
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Muscle Terms
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  1. Iliacus
    hip
    • flexes thigh
    • iliac fossa
    • lesser trochanter
  2. Psoas Major
    hip
    • Flexes thigh
    • vertebrae
    • lesser trochanter
  3. Gluteus maximus
    hip
    • extends thigh
    • iliac crest, sacrum and coccyx
    • gluteal tuberosity and iliotibial tract
  4. gluteus medius
    hip
    • abducts thigh
    • ilium greater trochanter
  5. gluteus minimus
    hip
    • abducts thigh
    • ilium
    • greater trochanter
  6. Abductor longus
    medial and lateral thigh
    • adducts thigh
    • pubis linea aspera of femur
  7. adductor magnus
    medial and lateral thigh
    • adducts thigh
    • pubis and ischium
    • linea aspera of femur
  8. gracilis
    medial and lateral thigh
    • adducts thigh
    • medial pubis
    • medial tibia
  9. sartorius
    medial and lateral thigh
    • flexes and lat rotation of thigh; flexes leg ("crossing leg")
    • anterior superior iliac spine
    • medial tibia
  10. tensor fasciae
    medial and lateral thigh
    • abducts thigh
    • iliac crest
    • lateral tibia via the iliotibial tract
  11. Rectus Femoris
    anterior thigh (quadriceps)
    • extends leg and flexes thigh
    • anterior inferior iliac spine and acetabulum
    • patella and tibial tuberosity
  12. vastus lateralis
    anterior thigh
    • extends leg
    • linea aspera and greater trochanter
    • patella and tibial tuberosity
  13. vastus medialis
    anterior thigh
    • extends leg
    • linea aspera
    • patella and tibgial tuberosity
  14. vastus intermedius
    anterior thigh
    • extends leg
    • anterior and lateral surface of the femur
    • patella and tibial tuberosity
  15. Biceps femoris
    posterior thigh
    • extends thigh and flexes leg
    • ischial tuberosity
    • lateral condyle of tibia and head of fibula
  16. semimembranosus
    posterior thigh
    • extends thigh and flexes leg
    • ischial tuberosity
    • medial condyle of tibia
  17. semitendinosus
    posterior thigh
    • extends thigh and flexes leg
    • ischial tuberosity
    • proximal tibia
  18. Gastrocnemius
    leg
    • plantar flexion of foot
    • lateral medial epicondyles of femur
    • calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
  19. Soleus
    leg
    • Plantar flexion of foot
    • superior tibia and fibula
    • calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
  20. Tibialis anterior
    leg
    • dorsiflexion of foot
    • latral condyle of the tibia
    • 1st metatarsal and 1st cuneiform
  21. Fibularis Longus
    leg
    • Plantar flexion and eversion of foot
    • lateral fibula
    • 5th metatarsal
  22. extensor digitorum
    leg
    • extends toes 2-5
    • lateral tibia
    • 2nd- 5th phalanges
  23. orbicularis oris
    head and neck
    • closes lips
    • muscle fibers surrounding opening of mouth
    • skin at corner of mouth
  24. orbicularis oculi
    head and neck
    • closes eye
    • medial wall of orbit
    • tissues of eyelids
  25. Zygomaticus
    head and neck
    • draws corners of mouth up and lateral (smiling)
    • zygomatic bone
    • edge of orbicularis oris
  26. Masseter
    heade and neck
    • elevates mandible
    • maxilla and zygomatic arch
    • angle of mandible
  27. Temporalis
    head and neck
    • elevates mandible
    • parietal bone
    • coronoid process of mandible
  28. Buccinator
    head and neck
    • compresses cheek
    • maxilla and mandible
    • orbicularis oris
  29. Sternocleidomastoid
    head and neck
    • flexes neck; lateral rotation of head
    • manubrium and clavicle
    • mastoid process
  30. digastric
    head and neck
    • depresses mandible; elevates hyoid bone
    • mastoid process and inner surface of mandible
    • fibrous loop of hyoid bone
  31. External intercostals
    respiration
    • elevates rigs during inspiration
    • inferior border of rib above
    • superior border of rib below
  32. internal intercostals
    respiration
    • depresses ribs during forced expiration
    • superior border of rib below
    • inferior border of rib above
  33. diaphragm
    respiration
    • increases volume of thoracic cavity for inspiration
    • inferior rib cage and sternum, costal cartilage of last 6 ribs and lumbar vertebrae
    • central tendon
  34. External oblique
    abdominal wall
    • compresses abdomen, flexes and rotates trunk
    • lower 8 ribs
    • linea alba and iliac crest
  35. internal oblique
    abdominal wall
    • compresses abdomen, flexes and trotates trunk
    • iliac crest
    • linea alba and cartilage of last 3 or 4 ribs
  36. Transverse abdominis
    abdominal wall
    • compresses abdomen
    • iliac crest and lower 6 ribs
    • linea alba and crest of pubis
  37. Rectus abdominis
    abdominal wall
    • compresses abdomen and flexes trunk
    • pubic bone
    • costal cartilage of 5th 6th and 7th ribs

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