Pathology Test 2
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The left atrium is the receiving chamber for newly oxygenated blood from the lungs via what?
Cardiac Output definition
the amount of blood pumped out by a ventricle in a 1 minute period
Sequene of transmission of nerve impulse
the usual oigin of nerve impulses to the rest of the heart is from the sinoatrial (SA) node located in the right atrium
a slow heartbeat marked by a pulse rate below 60 beats per min in an adult
Your patient relates being able to walk for 15' and experiences severe pain in his posterior lower legs and is unable to use his exercise bike or stand for more than a minute w/o having the same pain.
Your 60 yr old patient experiences periodic pain in the upper chest and left shoulder when he overexerts, is under emotional stess, or is in a place where the temp and humidity are high. e's had these probs for so many yrs that the pain is relieved with rest and nitro glycerol tablets. The most likely reason for these symptoms is what?
What best describes ascites?
abdominal is swollen - abdominal edema
an increase in white cell count often related to an infection
when a person stops breathing or their breathing is too shallow to enable sufficient oxygen to purfuse the lungs when asleep
What uses a pirometer to measure lung capacity and volume?
Vital Capacity (VC) sometimes called forced vital capactiy (FVC) and the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)
Pulse oxygen that provide an estimate of the levels of oxygen saturations in hemoglobin except in normal saturation ranges for individuals with no pulmonary disease are what?
96 to 100
Sputum coughed up from the lung by a person that is thick, yellow, or green and it has a bad odor might indicate what?
pulmonary (bacterial) infections - most common 2 are pseudomonas & pneumococcus
Chronic bronchitis is defined by...
a productive cough that is present for at least 3 months of the year for 2 or more years
removal of the whole lung
When teaching diaphragmatic breathing you need to ensure that the patient understands what rises?
What condition is characterized by intestinal malabsorption with foul smelling feces, productive cough, delayed onset puberty and male infertility
quiet or resting inhalation requires the muscle activity created mainly by the contraction of what?
external intercostals and diaphram
chronic bronchitis is chronic inflammation of what?
emphysema s a disease of what?
characteristic pink puffers and blue bloaters appearing in COPD indicate what?
- pink puffer - emphysema
- blue bloater - bronchitis
What is a degenerative disease most often affecting facet joints of the spine and frequently accompanies osteoarthirtis?
Which intervention would be most appropriate for a person with hemophilic arthritis of the knee?
a disease resulting in inflammation of the bone caused by infection
Genu Valgum definition
a deformity of the knees in which the knees become "knock knee'd"
What occurs when the vertebral body slips posteriorly?
T/F - Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory, systemic, connective tissue, and autoimmune disease characterized by bilateral, symmetrical arthritis
Which signs and symptoms are typical of rheumatoid arthritis?
- boutonniere's deformity
- swan-neck deformity
Boutonniere's deformity is characterized by what?
- - hyperextension of the DIP joint
- - flexion of the PIP, and
- - hyperextension of the MCP joint
How are Boutonniere's deformity and Swan-neck deformity different?
swan-neck is the opposite of Boutonniere's
what best describes Raynauds Pheneoma?
white or blue discoloration of the hand
Reiter's Syndrome is a disease characterized by what?
- - polyarthritis, urethritis
- - conjunctivitis, fever
- - weight loss
- - sacroilitis skin lesions of feet, hands and genitals
Scleroderma is a disease characterized by a combination of signs and symptoms including what?
- - calcium deposits in the skin
- - thickening & tightening of the skin of the fingers & toes
- - espohageal hypomotility
- - tightening of the skin of the face
- - joint stiffness
- - weakness & muscle atrophy
What is a characteristic indictive of fibromyalgia?
a positive disagnosis exists when 11 out of a possible 18 points on the body are hypersensitive to palpation
What is a condition associated most with trigger points in the muscle?
myofascial pain syndrome
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