Intro to Ethics

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Author:
roanrodgers
ID:
139305
Filename:
Intro to Ethics
Updated:
2012-03-03 13:54:05
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Strengths Weaknesses Utilitarianism
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Chapter 13
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  1. Chapter 13: Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism
    • Pojman distinguishes between act and rule utilitarianism and suggests
    • that the latter may be a more credible version of the theory, as it
    • conforms to our rule-following nature and tends to provide more specific
    • guidance than act utilitarianism. Utilitarianism in general has two
    • main strengths: (1) it provides us with a single principle—Do what will
    • promote the most utility—potentially applicable to every situation; and
    • (2) it gets at the substance of morality rather merely providing us with
    • an overly formal rule like the categorical imperative. However,
    • opponents have also raised a number of powerful objections to
    • utilitarianism. Pojman presents five (the no-rest objection, the absurd
    • implications objection, the integrity objection, the justice objection,
    • and the publicity objection) and discusses possible utilitarian
    • responses to each.
  2. Act utilitarianism
    Moral theory holding that an act is right if and only if it results in as much good or utility as any available alternative.
  3. Rule utilitarianism
    • Moral theory holding that an act is right if and
    • only if it is required by a rule that is a member of a set of rules
    • whose acceptance would lead to a greater utility than any available
    • alternative.
  4. No-rest objection
    • Argument that utilitarian morality is too demanding
    • because it requires me constantly to consider whether I might be able
    • to better promote utility by sacrificing my rest and my enjoyment of
    • life.
  5. Integrity objection
    • Argument that utilitarianism is an inadequate moral
    • theory because it can sometimes require us to violate our most central
    • and deeply held principles.
  6. Justice objection
    • Argument that utilitarianism is an inadequate moral
    • theory because it can sometimes require us to violate the rights of
    • individuals.
  7. Act utilitarianism
    Moral theory holding that an act is right if and only if it results in as much good or utility as any available alternative.

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