Intro to Ethics

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Author:
roanrodgers
ID:
139310
Filename:
Intro to Ethics
Updated:
2012-03-03 14:00:45
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Simplified Account Kant
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Description:
Chapter 11
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  1. Chapter 11: A Simplified Account ofKAnt
    • Focusing on the second (end-in-itself) version of the categorical
    • imperative, O"Neill attempts to show that Kant"s moral theory is neither
    • impossibly difficult to understand nor excessively demanding to apply
    • in real life. To determine whether what we propose to do is right or
    • wrong, we should look not to the anticipated consequences but to our
    • "intention," a term O"Neill uses as roughly equivalent to Kant"s
    • "maxim." If our intention is to involve someone in a scheme to which he
    • or she could not in principle consent, then we are violating the
    • categorical imperative (treating someone merely as a means) and
    • thus acting immorally. To act on an intention that requires deceit or
    • coercion, for example, is to treat someone merely as a means and thereby
    • involve ourselves in immorality and injustice.
  2. Maxim
    Principle according to which one sees oneself as acting.
  3. Intention
    • Conscious motivation of an action; used by O'Neill
    • as equivalent to Kant's 'maxim,' because given any intention, a
    • corresponding maxim can be formulated by omitting reference to the
    • particular situation.
  4. The Formula of the End in Itself
    • O'Neill's term for Kant's second formulation of the
    • categorical imperative, which O'Neill interprets as a command never to
    • involve someone in a scheme to which he or she could not in principle
    • consent.

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