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What laws have expanded the right to vote?
14th, 15th, 19th, 24th, and 26th
- guaranteed citizenship to all born in the United states
- also granted the minority citizens the right to vote, to increase the percentage of males over 21 who could vote
stated no vote shall be denied on account of race or color for males.
gave the right to vote to women
outlawed the poll tax, which allowed barriers to African American to vote to break in the south
gave the 18 year old citizens the right to vote.
discriminatory electoral practices
- qualifications, property ownership, and taxpaying requirements
- Southern states imposed literacy tests, poll taxes, and the "grandfather clause" to keep African Americans from voting.
- Southern states used the white primary tool which didn’t allow blacks to vote for the democratic primary
exempted a voter from these requirements if his (free white) grandfather voted before 1860.
electoral practice remedies
- Smith v. Allwright case which ruled that the exclusion of blacks violated the 15th amendment
- voting rights act of 1965 which didn’t end discrimination but was an important tool in protecting the right to vote
- and registration laws were designed to reduce corruption
the number of citizens who actually voted divided by the total number of citizens who are legally qualified to vote
- 39.4% of registered without a high school diploma
- 77% of those with a college degree voted82.7% voted with a graduate degree.
- Those aged 65 and over vote the most out of any other age group.
- From the years 2000 to 2008 the age group 18-24 raised by 15%.
direct primary election
mandates parties get widespread voter input in selecting nominees.
closed primary system
- registered members of the party are allowed to vote
- closed ballot
open primary system
- voters can participate in the primary election without declaring membership in a party.
- open ballot
presidential process evolved
- local notables cast electoral vote
- dem and fed each party represenatives in congres name pres canidates
- 1968 temoil
voters picked delegates who pledge their support for a particular presidential candidate
where party members attend meetings to share ideas and concerns about particular candidates
most controversial primary and caucus
Hampshire v. Iowa because they are the first ones who pick nominations.
steps into whitehouse
- 270 electoral votes
- we vote on tue following the first mon of nov
- states elector vote on the sec wed of dec
- house of rep vote for pres, state get one vote
- no maj 26, senate votes vice president
- no maj 51, speaker of house assumes duties
adam vs jefferson
- Jefferson and burr tied so the vote was settled by the house of representatives
- jefferson won but bur made problems so addopted 12 amendment
In the electoral college, electors must indicate who they are voting for as president, and who they are voting for a vice president.
adam vs jackson
- jackson won popular vote, no candidate won majority in electoral college - The house of rep
- Adam received clays support who was the speaker of the house
hayes vs tilden
- Even though Tilden won popular vote, the electoral college votedThere was a one vote margin in the electoral college for hayes
- influenced texas
gore vs bush
- Bush awarded the stated by 537 popular votes but with 271 electoral votes (need 270)
role of money
- treat voters
- newspapers (advirtising)
- need new way to reach out
- Feca limited money
- loophole soft money
political parties giving unlimited sums of money through purchasing advirtisement