Micro Exam 3

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jschnichels
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13944
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Micro Exam 3
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2010-04-11 16:46:52
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Exam 3
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  1. Lyse cysts
    Streptokinase
  2. A bacterial toxin that kills host cells or alters their functions
    Cytotoxin
  3. Vaccine for Pertussis (Whooping Cough) and Diptheria
    DPT
  4. A round growth in lugs caused by TB
    Tubercle
  5. Mutations in genes encoding H or N spikesMay involve only 1 amino acid.Allows virus to avoid mucosal IgA antibodies.
    antigenic drift
  6. a variation within a species
    Serotype
  7. inflammation of the lungs
    Pneumonia
  8. A technique using DNA polymerase to make multiple copies of a NDA template in vitro
    Polymerase Chain Reaction PCR
  9. A live, attenuated strain fo Mycobacterium bovis used to provide immunity to TB
    BCG
  10. Infant vaccine for Pneumonia
    Prenar
  11. spikes used for attachment to host cell in influenza
    hemagglutinin
  12. Spikes used to release virus from cells
    Neuraminidase
  13. Causes of the common cold
    50% by the rhinoviruses, 15-20% by coronaviruses, and can be caused by other agents
  14. Causative agent for Strep Throat
    Streptococcus pyogenes
  15. Recommended therapy for strep throat
    Antibiotics
  16. Etiology of Strep Throat
    Contact with secretions
  17. Symptoms of Strep Throat
    Sore throat, Fever, Swollen Cervical LNs
  18. Causative agent of Whooping Cough
    Bordetella pertussis
  19. Therapy for Whooping Cough
    Antibiotics: Cry Viol.
  20. symptoms of Whooping Cough
    Cold than spasmodic cough
  21. Vaccine for Whooping cough
    DPT
  22. Etiology of Whooping cough
    Gram-negative cocobacillus (Bordetella pertussis)
  23. Causative agent for diphtheria
    Corynebacterium diphtheria
  24. recommended therapy for diphtheria
    intubation and antibiotics
  25. etiology for diphtheria
    Produces a toxin which paralyzes the eye, neck, throat, and respiratory muscles. Toxin also may damage heart, brain, and nerves if released into the bloodstream.
  26. Vaccine for diphtheria
    DTP
  27. Symptoms of diphtheria
    visual
  28. Causive agent of TB
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  29. Recommended therapy for TB
    Prolonged treatment with multiple antibiotics
  30. Etiology of TB
    M. avium-intracellulare complex infects people with late stage HIV infection
  31. Vaccine for TB
    BCG, live, avirulent M. bovis; not widely used in United States
  32. Causative agent of H. Influenza Pneumonia
    Gram-negative coccobacillus identified during flu outbreak
  33. Therapy of H. Influenza Pneumonia
    Second-generation cephalosporins
  34. etiology of H. Influenza
    Opportunistic pathogen
  35. Vaccine for H. Influenza
    Hib
  36. Causative agent of legionella
    Legionella pneumophila
  37. Recommended therapy for legionella
    Antibiotics
  38. etiology of legionella
    Found in water tinged with organic matter
  39. etiology of Psittacosis
    Transmitted to humans by bird droppings.
  40. symptoms of Psittacosis
    high fever, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, splenomegaly
  41. Treatment for RSV
    Ribavirin
  42. Symptoms of the Flu
    Chills, fever, headache, and muscle aches (no intestinal symptoms)
  43. treatment for the Flu
    Amantadine
  44. Changes in H and N spikesProbably due to genetic recombination between different strains infecting the same cell
    Antigenic shift
  45. Causative agent of Histoplasmosis
    Histoplasma capsulatum, dimorphic fungus
  46. treatment of Histoplasmosis
    Amphotericin B
  47. treatment for Pneumocystis
    Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
  48. A disease characterized by frequent, wattery stools containing blood and mucus
    dysentery
  49. a condition resulting from the ingestion of a microbially produced toxin
    intoxication
  50. A protiein toxin released from living, mostly gram-positive bacterial cells
    exotoxin
  51. a exotoxin that causes gastroenteritis, such as those protused by staphylococcus, vibrio, and escherichia
    Enterotoxin
  52. felling of difficulty during defication
    temesmus
  53. Organism that harbor pathogens and transmit them to others
    carrier
  54. Saltwater and fresh water mixed
    Brackish water
  55. primarily a disease of infancy and early childhood and is classically
    characterized by the triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia,
    thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure
    hemolytic uremic syndrome
  56. Percent exposed/percent non- exposed
    Relative Risk
  57. Progression to Periodontal disease
    healthy gingivae, Gingivitis, Periodontal pockets, Periodontitis
  58. MolPath of Shigellosis
    Shiga toxin causes tissue destruction: bleeding to intestinal performation.
  59. MolPath for Hilicobactor Peptic Ulcer Disease
    bacteria dissolves mucous layer of stomach to invade deeper tissue
  60. Fecal-oral cycle can be broken by
    Proper sewage disposalDisinfection of drinking waterProper food preparation and storage
  61. MolPath of Typhoid Fever
    Bacteria is spread throughout body by invading circulating phagocytes

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