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founder of modern nursing
who believed in the concept that nursing was an art and a science?
-needs of patients, not demands of physicians
who was recognized as significant minority nurse?
union superintendent of women nurses, champion for mental health
founder of american red cross, red cross nursing service, and the army nurse corps?
-teacher, not a nurse
first african american trained nurse in US
-broke the barrier so minority nurses could be accepted into nursing school
Mary Elizabeth Mahoney
founded henry street settlement, first public health organization
first nurse practitioner program in US by?
- Loretta ford
- Henry silver
symbol of goodness, purity, wisdom, learning
social changes that affected nursing?
What is philosophy of nursing?
- examines the relationship between truth and ideals in nursing
- forms the framework for nursing practice
what are elements of a philosophy of nursing?
importance of theory
guides research and practice
Nightingale's environmental theory
- "canons of nursing"
- - foundation for the promotion of health and guidance for the practice of prof. nursing
- -14 canons: ventilation. warming, noise, variety, diet, light, hope, advice, cleanliness...
who believed that the relationship between nurse and pt. is what makes nursing special?
-theory of interpersonal relations
- Peplau: explored interpersonal relationship of the nurse and pt.
- feelings-predictor of pos. outcomes
known as the "florence nightingale of the the 20th century"
-linked her def. of nursing with 14 basic needs of pts
Philosophy and science of caring
-caring among nurse, environment, and client is essential to healing
General Theory of Nursing
- nursing goal was to help pts until they could become independent
nurse will be the change agent in assisting the individual with adaptation when an insult renders him or her in need of environmental modification.....Adaptation model
who believed culturally congruent nursing care leads to health and well being for the pt?
-cultural diversity and uneversality theory
which phase in the therapeutic use of self begins the development of trust?
-identification of major problems and needs
which phase in the therapeutic use of self accomplishes tasks towards goals?
-bulk of relationship
ends nurse and pt relationship
who originated the term "therapeutic use of self"?
involves a process by which a person acquires the knowledge, skills, and sense of identity that are characteristic of a profession
1st phase of Cohen's model of professional socialization
unilateral dependence: extremely dep. on faculty (1 sem.)
2nd phase of Cohen's model of professional socialization
negative/independence: want to do things yourself (2nd sem.)
3rd phase of cohen's model of professional socialization
dependence/mutuality: recognize you still need some help
4th stage of cohen's model of professional socialization
relationship between the person and the environment that is appraised as exceeding the persons resources and endangering the persons well being
what is the first stage in selye's general adaptation syndrome and what happens?
Alarm stage: SNS fight or flight response, person perceives stressor, hormone levels rise
what is the 2nd stage in selye's general adaptation syndrome and what happens?
Resistance stage: adaptation occurs to stressor, body regains homeostasis
what is the 3rd stage in selye's general adaptation syndrome and what happens?
exhaustion stage: endocrine activity continues and the body will fail if exposure to the stressor is prolonged
conscious attemts to reduce anxiety
meditation, studying, sports...etc.
a state of emotional, mental, and physical exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress is called?
involuntary blocking, unpleasant feelings
repression: escape defense mechanism
rechanneling of drives to socially acceptable ones
sublimation: compromise defense mechanism
attempting to make excuses
rationalization: compromise defense mechanism
retreating in response to stress to an earlier level of development
regression: escape defense mechanism
what guides decisions and actions of a group through time?
-the sum total of the way of living includes values, beliefs, standards, etc.
a set of congruent behaviors, practices, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system or agency enabling effective work to be done in cross cultural situations is called?
enhance the quality of culturally congruent competent, and quitable care that results in improved health and well being for ppl worldwide
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