Medical terminology Ch. 1

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Author:
Gabriella
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139571
Filename:
Medical terminology Ch. 1
Updated:
2012-03-04 16:49:30
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combining forms Medical Records Healthcare settings
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combining forms
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  1. word root
    The foundation of the word
  2. prefixes
    • added to the front of terms.
    • Frequently give information about the
    • location of an organ
    • the number of parts
    • time or frequency
  3. Suffixes
    • attached to the end of the word to add meaning
    • condition
    • disease
    • procedure
    • can be added directly to the end of a prefix
  4. -algia
    pain
  5. -cele
    hernia, protusion
  6. -cise
    cut
  7. -cyte
    cell
  8. -dynia
    pain (cardiodynia)
  9. -ectasis
    dilation
  10. -gen
    that which produces
  11. -genesis
    produces, generates
  12. -genic
    producing, produced by
  13. -ia
    state, condition
  14. -ism
    state of
  15. -itis
    inflammation
  16. -logist
    one who studies
  17. -logy
    study of
  18. -lysis
    destruction
  19. -malacia
    abnormal softening
  20. -megaly
    enlargement, large
  21. -oma
    tumor, mass
  22. -osis
    abnormal condition
  23. -pathy
    disease
  24. -plasia
    development, growth
  25. -plasm
    formation, development
  26. -ptosis
    drooping
  27. -rrhage
    excessive, abnormal flow
  28. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  29. -rrhexis
    rupture
  30. -sclerosis
    hardening
  31. -stenosis
    narrowing
  32. -therapy
    treatment
  33. -trophy
    nourishment, development
  34. Adjective suffixes
    • -ac
    • -al
    • -an
    • -ar
    • -ary
    • -eal
    • -iac
    • -ic
    • -ical
    • -ile
    • -ior
    • -ory
    • -ose
    • -ous
    • -tic
  35. Surgical Suffixes
    • suffixes that indicate surgical procedures
    • -centisis; puncture to withdrawl fluid
    • -ectomy; surgical removal
    • -ostomy; surigically create an opening
    • -otomy; cutting into
    • -pexy; surgical fixation
    • -plasty; surigcal repair
    • -rrhaphy; suture
  36. Procedural Suffixes
    • Suffixes that indicate procedural processes or instruments
    • -gram; record or picture
    • -graph; instrument for recording
    • -graphy; process of recording
    • -meter; instrument for measuring
    • -metry; process of measuring
    • -scope; instrument for viewing
    • -scopy; process of visually examining
  37. Singular and Plural Endings
    • Words ending in Singular Plural
    • -a vertebra vertebrae
    • -ax thorax thoraces
    • -ex or -ix appendix appendices
    • -is metastasis metastases
    • -ma sarcoma sarcomata
    • -nx phalanx phalanges
    • -on ganglion ganglia
    • -us nucleus nuclei
    • -um ovum ova
    • -y biopsy biopsies
  38. History and physical
    • Written or dictated by the admitting physician; details the patient's hx
    • physician's exam
    • initial diagnosis
    • phyiscian plan of tx
  39. Physician orders
    • Complete list of
    • care
    • medication
    • tests
    • treatments
  40. Nurse's Notes
    • Record of the patient's care throughout the day
    • includes vital signs
    • tx specfics
    • patient's response to treatment
    • patients condition
  41. Physician's Progress Notes
    • Physician's daily record of the patient's condition,
    • results of the physician's exams
    • summary of test results
    • updated assessment and diagnosis
    • further plans for the patient's care
  42. Consultation Reports
    Reports given by specialists
  43. Ancillary reports
    Reports from various treatments and therapies the patient has received, rehab, social services, respiratory therapy
  44. Diagnostic Reports
    • Results of diagnostic tests
    • labs
    • x-rays
  45. Informed Consent
    Documented voluntarily signed by the patient or responsible party that clearly describes the purpose, methods, procedures, benefits, and risks of a diagnostic or tx procedure.
  46. Operative Report
    • Report from the surgeon
    • detailing an operation
    • pre and post operative diagnosis
    • specific details of the surgical procedure
    • how patient tolerated the procedure
  47. Anesthesiologist report
    • Details regarding the substances given to the patient
    • pt response to the anesthesia
    • vital signs during surgery
  48. Pathologist's Report
    Report given by pathologist who studies tissue removed from the patient
  49. Discharge Summary
    • Comprehensive outlne of pt entire hospital stay
    • condition on admission
    • admitting dx
    • test results
    • tx and pt response
    • final dx
    • follow-up plan
  50. Healthcare Settings
    • Acute Care or General Hospital
    • Specialty Care Hospital
    • Nursing Homes/Long Term Care Facilities
    • Ambulatory Care/ Surgical Centers/Outpatient Clinics
    • Physicians Offices
    • Health Maintainance Organization (HMO)
    • Home Health Care
    • Rehabilitation Centers
    • Hospice

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