the human ability to use knowledge to solve problems, understand complex ideas, learn quickly and adapt to environmental challenges.
Who first studied intelligence?
What did he theorize about intelligence?
Psychometric testing: Achievement tests
asses specific skills and knowledge
Psychometric testing: Aptitude tests
help predict a range of performance
Psychometric testing: Cognitive testing
It is the study of how people perceive, remember, think, speak, and solve problems
Biological influences: Nature vs Nurture?
Biological influences: Intelligence variance due to genes: How does time affect genetic influence?
Environmental Factors: Flynn effect
Who developed IQ?
IQ – average?
How it is defined and what does it mean?
the number computed by dividing a child’s estimated mental age by the child's chronological age and then multiplying this number by 100
What is mental age?
an assessment of a child’s intellectual standing relative to that of his or her peers; determined by a comparison of the child's test score with the average score for children of each chronological age
What is a major criticism of intelligence tests?
-they may penalize people for belonging to particular cultures or particular groups
Fluid vs Crystallized intelligence:
-information processing in novel or complex circumstances
-knowledge acquired through experience and the ability to use that knowledge
Gardner’s “multiple intelligences”
the idea that people can show different skills in a variety of different domains