history chpt 12
Card Set Information
history chpt 12
chpt 12 test
island SE Asia consits of how many islands?
Malacca & Sunda straight
whoever commands these two straits controls the rich trade between SE Asia and India
wealth and influence was passed down through this accepted custom which placed the mother at the center of the family
this modern SE Asian nation has the largest Muslim population in the world
this kingdom arose in the fertile irrawaddy valley in present-day myanmar
this king brought buddhism to the burman people and made pagan a major religious center
dome shaped buddhist shrines
this indian influenced kingdom controlled much of present day cambodia, thailand, and malaysia
king suryavarman II built this great hindu and buddhist temple complex in 1100s
this indonesian trading empire flourished from the 600s to the 1200s because it controlled malacca
best known heian writer who penned THE TALE OF GENJI, the world's first full-length novel
the supreme military commander
the great warrior lords of japan
he set up the kamakura shogunate, the first of three military dynasties that would rule japan
lesser warriors whose name means "those who serve"
the warrior cod that emphasized honor, bravery and absolute loyalty to one's lord
in japanese it means "divine winds"
in 1590 this brilliant general, who was a commoner by birth brought most of japan under his control
in 1600 this daimyo would become master of japan and be named shogun
this buddhist sect, which began in china, emphasized self-reliance, meditation, and devotion to duty
another name for "a chain of islands"
earthquakes launch these killer tidal waves that sweep over the land without warning
ring of fire
japan lies in this region which is made up of a chain of volcanoes that encircle the pacific ocean
the japanese pushed these earlier inhabitants of the archipelago onto the northernmost island of Hokkaido
japanese word for "clan"
this clan set up japan's first and only dynasty, claiming descent from Amaterasu, the sun goddess
in japanese it means the superior forces that are natural or divine
the worship of the forces of nature or "the way of kami"
the process of keeping some traits and discarding or modifying others
phonetic symbols representing syllables that the japanese used to revise the chinese system of writing
vast treeless plains of central asia
this mongol chieftain took the name "universal ruler"
it means "to rule or control with power"
the sons and gradsons of genghis khan established this period of peace and order in the 13th and 14th centuries
this gradson of genghis khan finally toppled the last song emperor in 1279
the mongols adopted this chinese name for their dynasty
this adventurous italian merchant traveled to yuan china and spent 17 years in kublai khan's service
zhu yuanzhang founded this dynasty after he defeated the mongols in 1368
this extraordinary chinese admiral and diplomat explored SE Asia, India, Arabia, and africa
what does "ming" mean in chinese?
it means to "develop gradually"
this korean dynasty united the koguryo paekche and silla kingdoms
this korean dynasty's name is the root from which the modern word korea is derived
porcelain adorned with an unusual blue-green glaze
completed during the silla dynasty, it is considered to be the most famous buddhist temple in korea
in 1392 this brilliant korean general overthrew the koryo dynasty and set up his own empire
this was the last and longest-lived korean dynasty
he was korea's most celebrated ruler
this is the korean phonetic alphabet that uses symbols to represent the sounds of spoken korean
the percentage of people who can read and write
this korean admiral is considered one of the nation's great heroes because he used "turtle ships" to attack and defeat the japanese invaders in the late 16th century
a visitor once compared this in korea to a "sea in a heavy gale"
this capital's nickname was the "city of gold"
only woman to rule china in own name
dynasty 618 that restored china's earlier glory
another name for li shimin who was known as the most admired emperor
self-governing states where rulers had to acknowledge chinese supremacy and send regular tribute to tang emperor
broke up large agricultural holdings and redistributed land to pesants
general who founded song dynasty
960 dynasty that was a time of great economic growth
linked Huang river to chang river
wealthy landowning class
payment that woman brings to marriage
women practice to symbolize beauty
multistoried temple with eaves that curved up at corners
shiny, hard pottery that was prized as finest in the world
greatest tang poet