Chapter 14 Nutritional Sciences. Life stages (1).txt

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lindseypb
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139694
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Chapter 14 Nutritional Sciences. Life stages (1).txt
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2012-03-05 23:14:01
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nutritional sciences
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  1. Milk production takes place in the ________.
    Alveoli
  2. Impaired iron status or iron defience anemia occurs in___5 or U.S. teens?
    10
  3. Although 60% of mothers initiate breastfeeding only ___% are still breastfeeding at 6months.
    25
  4. In recent years several cases of rickets in breastfed infants have been reported nationwide prompting concern of ______ inadequacy in human milk.
    Vitamin D
  5. A full term intant is born with a substantial iron reserve that helps meet his/her need for iron during the first ____mos.
    6
  6. During pregnancy the RDA for iron:
    Increases substantially to meet needs of developing fetus.
  7. Poor nutritional status of the mother_______(when?) can have serious long-term effects on the unborn child.
    Before and during pregnancy.
  8. The placenta transfers nutrients,_____,hormones, and other products between the mother and baby.
    Gases
  9. AGA is between the ___ and ____percentiles.
    10th 90th (Average for Gestational Age)
  10. _____extra calories are needed during the second trimester.____ extra calories are needed during the third trimester.
    348, 452
  11. A pregnant woman should consume between ____ and ___% of Kcal from dietary fat.
    20-35%
  12. Iron is needed for forming______ and for growth/development of the fetus and placenta.
    Hemoglobin
  13. ________ plays and important role in cell division and is critical to the development of the _____ system.
    Folate, Nervous
  14. Milk production takes place in the ________ cells and is regulated in part by hormones.
    Mammary Secretory
  15. __________ drops are reccomended for breadtfed infants after 2 mos. of age.
    Vitamin D
  16. Human milk or infant formula should be the primary source of nutrients throughout the first _____ of life.
    year
  17. _______ Changes begin the transformation from childhood into adolescence.
    Hormonal
  18. It is important that adolescents counsume the AI of nutrients related to:
    Bone health
  19. It is important for older adults to have adequate intake of protein, calcium, Vit D, phosphorous, and ______.
    magnesium
  20. Older adults are at risk of _______.
    Pernicious anemia ( an autoimmune disease caused by B12 defiency)
  21. Widespread consequences of food insecurity in poorer regions include greater incidence of LBW, neonatal death, growth stunting, Vitamin__ defiency, iron and ____ defiency.
    A, Iodine
  22. ___________ helps combat international hunger by working toward the common goal of improving the quality of life for people in the worlds poorest countries.
    UNICEF
  23. When a baby is one month old the mother needs about ____ Kcal to produce milk.
    500
  24. what is the reccomended dosage of fluoride supplementation for children between six months and three years of age?
    .25mg
  25. What percentage of children 6-11 are at or above the 95th percentile for BMI?
    15
  26. What is the protein requirement per kg of body weight for young adolescents?
    .95g
  27. After the age of thirty, TEE for men decreases ___kcal/year
    10
  28. True or false? All infants past 6mos of age need fluoride supplements?
    False

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