med term 7

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  1. cyst/o, vesic/o
  2. glomerul/o
  3. nephr/o, ren/o
  4. aden/o
  5. carcin/o
  6. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  7. erythr/o
  8. gastr/o
  9. hemat/o
  10. hepat/o
  11. lith/o
    stone, calculus
  12. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  13. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)
  14. -plasty
    surgical repair
  15. -rrhaphy
  16. -algia, -dynia
  17. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  18. -cyte
  19. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  20. ureter/o
  21. urethr/o
  22. noct/o
  23. olig/o
  24. py/o
  25. rect/o
  26. scler/o
    hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  27. ur/o, urin/o
  28. ven/o
  29. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  30. -tome
    instrument to cut
  31. -tomy
  32. -tripsy
  33. -logy
    study of
  34. -megaly
  35. -oma
  36. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  37. -edema
  38. -emesis
  39. -grade
    to go
  40. -gram
    record, writing
  41. -graphy
    process of recording
  42. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
  43. -itis
  44. -lith
    stone, calculus
  45. -logist
    specialist in study of
  46. -al, -ic, -ous
    pertaining to
  47. -ia
  48. a-, an-
    without, not
  49. dys-
    bad; painful; difficult
  50. in-
    in, not
  51. Intra-
    in, w/in
  52. -osis
    abnormal condition, increase (used primarily w/ blood cells)
  53. -pathy
  54. -pepsia
  55. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  56. -phobia
  57. -ptosis
    prolapse, downward displacement
  58. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  59. -scope
    instrument for examining
  60. -scopy
    visual examination
  61. -uria
  62. -ist
  63. poly-
    many, much
  64. retro-
    backward, behind
  65. supra-
    above; excessive; superior
  66. ARF
    acute renal failure
  67. BNO
    bladder neck obstruction
  68. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia; benign prostatic hypertrophy
  69. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  70. CRF
    chronic renal failure
  71. CT
    computed tomography
  72. cysto
  73. DRE
    digital rectal examination
  74. ED
    erectile dysfunction; emergency department
  75. ESRD
    end-stage renal disease
  76. ESWL
    extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
  77. EU
    excretory urography
  78. IVP
    intravenous pyelogram; intravenous pyelography
  79. IVU
    intravenous urogram; intravenous urography
  80. KUB
    kidney, ureter, bladder
  81. PKD
    polycystic kidney disease
  82. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  83. RP
    retrograde pyelography
  84. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  85. UA
  86. US
    ultrasonography, ultrasound
  87. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  88. VCUG
    voiding cystourethrogram; voiding cystourethrography
  89. azoturia
    increase of nitrogenous substances, especially urea, in urine
  90. diuresis
    increased formation ad secretion of urine
  91. dysuria
    painful or difficult urination, symptomatic of cystitis and other urinary tract conditions
  92. end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
    kidney disease that had advanced to the point that the kidneys can no longer adequately filter the blood and, ultimately, requires dialysis or renal transplantation for survival; aka chronic renal failure (CRF)
  93. enuresis
    involuntary discharge of urine after the age at which bladder control should be established; aka bed-wetting at night or nocturnal enuresis
  94. hypospadias
    abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
  95. interstitial nephritis
    condition associated w/ pathological changes in the renal interstitial tissue that may be primary or due to a toxic agent, such as a drug or chemical, which results n destruction of nephrons and severe impairment in renal function
  96. renal hypertension
    high blood pressure that results from kidney disease
  97. uremia
    elevated level of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood, as occurs in renal failure; aka azotemia
  98. wilms tumor
    malignant neoplasm of the kidney that occurs in young children, usually before age 5
  99. blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
    laboratory test that measures the amount of urea (nitrogenous waste product) in the blood and demonstrates the kidneys' ability to filter urea from the blood for excretion in urine
  100. kidney, ureter, bladder (KUB)
    radiographic examination to determine the location, size, shape, and malformation of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
  101. pyelography
    radiographic study of the kidney, ureters, and usually the bladder after injection of a contrast agent
  102. intravenous pyelography (IVP)
    radiographic imaging in which a contrast medium is injected intravenously and serial x-ray films are taken to provide visualization of the entire urinary tract; aka intravenous urography (IVU) or excretory urography (EU)
  103. retrograde pyelography (RP)
    radiographic imaging in which a contrast medium is introduced through a cystoscope directly into the bladder and ureters using small caliber catheters
  104. renal scan
    nuclear medicine imaging procedure that determines renal function and shape through measurement of a radioactive substance that is injected intravenously and concentrates in the kidney
  105. urinalysis
    physical, chemical, and microscopic evaluation of urine
  106. voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)
    radiography of the bladder and urethra after filling the bladder with a contrast medium and during the process of voiding urine
  107. catheterization
    insertion of a catheter (hollow flexible tube) into a body cavity or organ to instill a substance or remove fluid, most commonly. through the urethra into the bladder to w/draw urine
  108. dialysis
    mechanical filtering process used to cleanse blood of high concentrations of metabolic waste products, draw off excess fluids, and regulate body chemistry when kidneys fail to function properly
  109. hemodialysis
    process of removing excess fluids and toxins from the blood by continually shunting (diverting) the patient's blood from the body into a dialysis machine for filtering, and then returning the clean blood to the patient's body via tubes connected to the circulatory system
  110. peritoneal dialysis
    dialysis in which the patient's own peritoneum is used as the dialyzing membrane
  111. renal transplantation
    organ transplant of a kidney in a patient with end-stage renal disease; aka kidney transplantation
  112. -emia
    blood condition
  113. meat/o
    opening, meatus
Card Set:
med term 7
2012-03-05 06:46:54
med term test

urinary system
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