NCLEX Lab Values

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Carla
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139771
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NCLEX Lab Values
Updated:
2012-03-21 15:58:54
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NCLEX Lab Values
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NCLEX Lab Values
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  1. Magnesium
    1.5 – 2.5
  2. Phosphorous
    2.5 – 4.5
  3. Potassium
    • 3.5 – 5.0
    • *Same for Albumin!
  4. Calcium
    8 – 10
  5. Bicarbonate
    • 22 – 26
    • Increased = Alkalosis
    • Decreased = Acidosis
  6. Oxygen
    95 – 100
  7. Chloride
    95 – 105
  8. Sodium
    • 135- 145
    • Increased = Dehydration
    • Decreased = Fluid Retention
  9. BUN
    • 7 – 15
    • Increased BUN = CRF or Dehydration
  10. Creatinine
    • 0.7 – 1.5
    • Increased Creatinine = CRF
  11. Uric Acid
    • 3.5 – 7
    • Increased = Gouty Arthritis
  12. Ammonia
    • 12 - 55
    • Increased = Cirrhosis
  13. Amylase
    • 53 – 123
    • Increased = Pancreatitis
  14. Hgb
    • 12 – 18 *+ or – 2 for men
    • Decreased = Anemia
    • Higher values could also indicate Dehydration
  15. Hct
    • 37 – 52 *+ or – 5 for men
    • Increased = Polycythemia or Dehydration
    • Higher values could also indicate Dehydration
  16. RBCs should be between
    4.0 – 6.0 *+ or – 0.5 for men
  17. Platelets
    • 150,000 – 400,000
    • Decreased = Hemorrhage
    • <25,000 = DIC
  18. Blood pH
    • 7.35 – 7.45
    • Increased = Alkalosis - *Remember the Alcoholic
    • Decreased = Acidosis
  19. CO2
    • 35 – 45
    • Increased = Acidosis
    • Decreased = Alkalosis
  20. Fasting Blood Sugar
    <100
  21. Random Blood Sugar
    70 – 120
  22. Blood Sugar 2HR PP
    140
  23. WBC < 5000/ANC < 1500 =
    Immunocompromised
  24. WBC 5,000 - 10,000
    • Increased = Infection
    • Decreased = Risk of Infection (Immunocompromised)
  25. HDL should =
    • 50 *Remember “H” for HDL and “H” for Healthy
    • Increases with exercise
  26. LDL should =
    • 100 *Remember “L” for LDL and “L” for Lousy
    • The patient should decrease animal fats in their diet!
  27. Triglycerides should be between
    40 - 150
  28. Total Cholesterol should be between
    150 - 200
  29. PT
    • 12 – 30 seconds
    • *Used to monitor Coumadin; 30 is the upper limit
  30. PTT
    • 30 – 75 seconds
    • *Used to monitor Heparin; 75 is the upper limit; shut off the Heparin if PTT is higher than 75
  31. INR
    • 2 -3 seconds
    • *Used to monitor Coumadin; 4 > is bad
  32. Albumin
    • 3.5 – 5.0
    • Same for Potassium!
  33. Specific Gravity
    • 1.010 – 1.030
    • Increased = Dehydration (Dark Urine)
    • Decreased = Diabetes Insipidus (Pale Urine)
  34. HgbA1C (Glycosolated Hemoglobin)
    • < 7
    • *Used to diagnosis and monitor diabetes
  35. TSH
    0.3 – 5.4
  36. T3
    65 – 195
  37. T4
    5 -12

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