Functional Anatomy

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Cala3
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139859
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Functional Anatomy
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2012-04-03 23:09:32
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Functional Anatomy
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Functional Anatomy
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  1. Which of the following is true regarding kyphotic curves of the spine?
    A) Considered 'secondary' curves
    B) Normally found in the Cx region
    C) When exaggerated in the Tx region, know as 'hunchback'
    D) Concave posteriorly
    C) When exaggerated in the Tx region, know as 'hunchback'
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which structures join together to form the SP of each vertebra?
    A) the 2 TP's
    B) the 2 pedicles
    C) the 2 laminae
    D) the 2 superior articulating processes
    C) the 2 laminae


    Pedicles go from body to TP's
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following ligaments is the not placed up direct tension by Fx of the spine?
    A) Supraspinous Ligaments
    B) Interspinous ligaments
    C) Anterior Longitudinal Ligament
    D) Ligamentum flavum
    C) A.L.L

    anything posterior of the vertebrae are placed under tension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following ligaments has the highest concetration of the protein 'elastin'?
    A) Anterior Longitudinal Ligament
    B) Ligamentum flavum
    C) Interspinous ligaments
    D) Supraspinous Ligaments
    B) Ligamentum Flavum (it is a yellow ligament)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which of the following is false with regard to the annulus fibrosis?
    A) It has a lower concentration of collagen than the nucleous pulposus
    B) It is composed of a number of lamina of dense fibrous tisue with an alternating direction of diagonal fibres
    C) It surrounds the nucleus pulposis
    D) It strongly binds the 2 vertebral bodies together
    A) It has a lower concentration of collagen than the nucleous pulposus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following is not considered a typical Cx vertebrae?
    a) C4
    b) C5
    c) C6
    d) C7
    • d) C7 - long SP compared
    • & only 1 point instead of 2
  7. What is the name given to the 'tooth like' projection arising from the superior aspect of the C2 body?
    A) superior articulating process
    B) uncinate process
    C) odontoid process
    D) coronoid process
    C) Odontoid process (dens)

    c) = facets sit on these
    d) jaw & ulna
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which ligament crosses between the lateral masses of C1 and forms part of the articulation with C2?
    A) Apical ligament
    B) Alar ligament
    C) transverse ligament
    D) Posterior longitudinal ligament
    C) Transverse ligament - acts as a pivot and runs around the dens
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. How many segments (vertebrae) fuse to form the normal sacrum?
    A) 4
    B) 3
    C) 6
    D) 5
    D) 5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which ligament runs down the anterior surface of the vertebral bodies?
    A) Anterior longitudinal ligament
    B) Interspinous ligament
    C) Posterior longitudinal ligament
    D) Ligamentum Nuchae
    A) Anterior longitudinal ligament
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which ligament is a continuation of the supraspinous ligement in the Cx spine?
    a) Tectorial membrane
    b) Posterior longitudinal ligament
    c) Ligamentum Flavum
    d) Ligamentum Nuchae
    • d) Ligamentum Nuchae
    • a&b join together
  12. Which of the following muscles is considered the most powerful of the muscles of mastication?
    A) Masseter
    B) Temporalis
    C) Medial Pterygoid
    D) Lateral Pterygoid
    A) Masseter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following muscles passes beneath the zygomatic arch on its way to insert into the coronoid process of the mandible?
    A) Rectus Capitus Posterior Major
    B) Masseter
    C) Lateral Pterygoid
    D) Temporalis
    D) Temporalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following is false with regard to the capsule of the TMJ?
    a) It attaches to an intra-articular disc which results in two chambers within the joint space
    b) Above the intra-articular disc, the capsule is relatively taut when compared to the lower
    c) The lateral pterygoid attaches (in part) to the anterior capsule
    d) The capsule is lined internally by a synovial membrane
    b) Above the intra-articular disc, the capsule is relatively taut when compared to the lower
  15. Which of the following muscles of mastication is the deepest?
    A) Temporalis
    B) Lateral Pterygoid
    C) Masster
    D) Medial Pterygoid
    D) Medial Pterygoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Dislocation of the mandibular condyle can only occur in which direction?
    A) Lateral
    B) Posterior
    C) Medial
    D) Anterior
    D) Anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following muscles of mastication has an attachment to the joint capsule of the TMJ?
    A) Temporalis
    B) Medial Pterygoid
    C) Lateral Pterygoid
    D) Masseter
    C) Lateral Pterygoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which bone, together with the zygoma, forms the zygomatic arch?
    a) Maxilla
    b) Sphenoid
    c) Temporal
    d) Parietal
    • c) Temporal
    • The temporal bone has zygo process. The zygo arch has a temporal process
  19. Which of the following muscles is responsible for the resting position of the jaw?
    A) Medial Pterygoid
    B) Lateral Pterygoid
    C) Masseter
    D) Temporalis
    D) Temporalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the cranial nerves is the primary innervator of the muscles of mastication?
    A) Facial (VII)
    B) Hypoglossal (XII)
    C) Trigeminal (V)
    D) Glossopharangeal
    C) Trigeminal (V)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following best describes the movement of the mandibular condyle relative to the mandibular fossa, involved in jaw opening?
    A) Inferior glide (negative y-axis translation)
    B) Involves only x-axis rotation (positive rotation)
    C) Initial x-axis rotation followed by further x-axis rotation together with forward and inferior glide
    D) Forward glide (positive z-axis translation)
    C) Initial x-axis rotation followed by further x-axis rotation together with forward and inferior glide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What type of diathrodial joint is the sternoclavicular joint?
    A) Pivot
    B) Plane
    C) Saddle
    D) Condyloid
    C) Saddle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which of the following ligaments associated with the sternoclavicular joint is considered 'extrinsic'?
    a) Anterior Sternoclavicular Ligament
    b) Costoclavicular Ligament
    c) Interclavicular Ligament
    d) Posterior Sternoclavicular Ligament
    • b) Costoclavicular ligament
    • It is about a cm away from the joint

    ASL is the thickening
  24. What type of diarthrodial joint is the AC joint?
    A) Saddle
    B) Pivot
    C) Condyloid
    D) Plane
    D) Plane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which two ligaments together form the coracoclavicular ligament?
    a) Alar
    b) Annular
    c) Conoid
    d) Trapezoid
    c & d
  26. Which of the following is a fibrocartilagenous structure that deepens the relatively shallow glenoid fossa?
    A) Glenoid Labrum
    B) Coracoacromial ligament
    C) Anterior Glenohumeral Ligament
    D) Glenohumeral joint capsule
    A) Glenoid Labrum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following is false with regard to the biceps?
    a) Its long head attaches to the infraglenoid tubercle
    b) The tendon of the long head passes through the intertubercular groove
    c) The tendon of the long head is stabilised by the transverse ligament
    d) The short head attaches to the coracoid process
    • a) Its long head attaches to the infraglenoid tubercle
    • The triceps long head attaches at the infra tubercle
  28. Which of the following structures is not normally associated with impingement syndrome of the shoulder?
    A) Supraspinatus tendon
    B) Biceps tendon
    C) Lesser tubercle
    D) Subacromial bursa
    C) Lesser tubercle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Shoulder abduction to 180 deg involves GH movement of approximately 120 deg. How much do the AC and SC joints contribute?
    A) 30 and 30
    B) 60 and 0
    C) 15 and 45
    D) 45 and 15
    A) 30 and 30
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. What is the normal coupled motion that occurs as the GH joint approaches 90 degrees of abduction?
    a) Extension
    b) External rotation
    c) Internal roation
    d) Horizontal Flexion
    • b) External rotation
    • This happens because of the tightening
  31. Which of the following is not an action of the SCM?
    A) Unilateral contraction causes rotation to the same side
    B) Unilateral contraction causes lateral flexion to the same side
    C) Bilateral contraction causes flexion of the neck
    D) Bilateral contraction assists with deep inspiration
    A) Unilateral contraction causes rotation to the same side
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following muscles has 3 components (parts)?
    A) SCM
    B) Rectus Capitus Anterior
    C) Platysma
    D) Longus Colli
    D) Longus Colli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. SCM inserts (in part) into the mastoid process. Which of the following muscles also inserts here?
    A) Rectus Capitus Lateralis
    B) Longus Capitus
    C) Splenius Capitus
    D) Rectus Capitus Anterior
    C) Splenius Capitus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which two muscles flex the neck?
    a) Rectus Cap. Ant.
    b) Rectus Cap. Lat.
    c) Longus Colli
    d) Splenius Cervicis
    a & c
  35. Which of the following muscles attaches into the second rib?
    A) Scalenus Posterior
    B) Longus Colli
    C) SCM
    D) Scalenus Medius
    A) Scalenus Posterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which of the following forms the inferior boundary of the 'scalene triangle'?
    A) 1st Rib
    B) Clavicle
    C) Scalene Posterior
    D) 2nd rib
    A) 1st Rib
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the scaleni is considered a neck rotator?
    A) Anterior
    B) Medius
    C) Posterior
    D) Minimus
    A) Anterior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What arterty passes through the scalene triangle?
    A) Subclavian
    B) Internal Carotid
    C) Vertebral
    D) External Carotid
    A) Subclavian
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. How many supra and infrahyoid muscles are there?
    8
  40. Which muscle forms the post. boundary to the anterior triangle of the neck and the anterior boundary to the posterior triangle of the neck?
    SCM

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