Religion Midterm

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Religion Midterm
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2012-03-05 21:51:52
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  1. The quote, “He that knows one, knows none,” is first used by Goethe
    referring to language, and later by ________ referring to religion.
    Mueller
  2. According to Paul Tillich, religion is about ________.
    Ultimate Concerns
  3. According to our class handouts on the features of religion, which of the
    following is one of the features of all religions?
    Belief in a higher order
  4. According to our class handouts on the features of religion, which of the
    following is not included as one of the features of all religions?
    Prayers
  5. The academic study of religion involves ______ of personal faith claims.
    Braketing
  6. The academic study of religion does not involve
    Evangelism
  7. According to your instructor and the class handouts (not your text), the
    root of the word religion is the Latin religio, which means _______.
    To tie or bind
  8. The statement, “He that knows one, knows none,” is quoted by MaxMüller referring to religions. This statement was first spoken byJohann Wolfgang von Goethe referring to ________ .
    Languages
  9. The statement, “He that knows one, knows none,” is quoted by MaxMüller referring to religions. This statement was first spoken byJohann Wolfgang von Goethe referring to ________ .
    Languages
  10. The theologian ________ observed that religion deals with matters of
    ultimate concern.
    Paul Tillech
  11. _________ proposed that religion “consists of the belief that there is an unseen order, and that our supreme good lies in harmoniously adjusting ourselves thereto
    William James
  12. According to our class handouts and discussion on the features of
    religion, which of the following is one of the features of all religions?
    Myths
  13. The term “bracketing” refers to ______ .
    Faith Claims
  14. A definition of religion based on its essential beliefs is a _______.
    Sustantive Definition
  15. A definition of religion based on what it does is a _______.
    Functional Definition
  16. The theistic system where other gods may exist but the nation or
    community worships only their own god is called _______.
    Henotheism
  17. The theistic system where many gods may exist but all are
    manifestations of the one ultimate power is called _______.
    Monism
  18. The Animistic theory of the origin of religions was proposed by ______.
    Edward Taylor
  19. The Magic theory of the origin of religions was proposed by _______.
    James Frazer
  20. Sir James Frazer believed that magic was a phase through which
    humankind passed on its way to religion and ultimately to
    science
    True
  21. Sigmund Freud believed that religion was the only hope for
    humans to overcome their inherent guilty neurosis
    False
  22. Wilhelm Schmidt believed that the earliest forms of religion were
    polytheistic.
    False
  23. Karl Marx saw religion in the context of class struggle, and called
    it “the opiate of the masses.”
    True
  24. The two primary sources of information about prehistoric basic religions are contemporary basic religions and archaeology
    True
  25. The major source of information we have about Neanderthals’ religion comes from their burial practices
    True
  26. Name six of the ten major features of Basic religions described in
    detail in chapter one of the Hopfe/Woodward text.
    • Animism & Ancestor Veneration
    • Magic & Divination
    • Totem & Taboo
    • Myths
    • Rituals
    • The following are two specific kinds of rituals:
    • Rites of Passage
    • Sacrifice
  27. Which features of Basic (indigenous) religions are enduring in ALL of the
    world religions today?
    Taboo, Myths, Rituals, Rites of passage
  28. According to your class notes, the move from primal to archaic culture
    was a result of ______.
    The Agricultural Revolution
  29. The target date of the transition in the question above is about _______.
    8000 BCE
  30. Hunting and gathering;nomadic
    Primal
  31. Agricultural;Sedentary
    Archaic
  32. vocational diversity; stratified society; class/caste divisions
    Archaic
  33. egalitarian society; lack of individuation; collective identity
    Primal
  34. shamans; animism; totemism; spiritual bond with animals
    Primal
  35. priests and temples; polytheism; animal sacrifice
    Archaic
  36. Which term below does not describe the newly emerging religious ideas of the Axial Age?
    Cosmological
  37. According to your lecture notes, the Axial Age is dated from
    800-200 BCE
  38. Which religion below emerges after the Axial Age
    Islam
  39. Which religion below exists before the Axial Age?
    Hinduism
  40. The Ultimate reality in Axial Age (& modern) Hinduism is _______.
    Brahman
  41. The god of the Trimurti least worshipped in devotional Hinduism is
    Brahma
  42. The Axial Age in Hinduism is the _______ period.
    Upanishadic
  43. The Ultimate reality in Axial Age (& modern) Hinduism is _______.
    Brahman
  44. Hinduism is unique among major world religions in that:
    It has no specific founder
  45. The earlier Vedas are more focused on ________ than the Upanishads.
    cosmological rituals, e.g. sacrifices, chants, hymns, prayers
  46. According to the lecture, the earliest Indian god known, worshiped in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, was an early version of _______.
    Shiva
  47. Which of the following is definitely not true of the Aryans?
    They built the Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
  48. The god of the Trimurti least worshipped in devotional Hinduism is
    _______.
    Brahma
  49. Which of the following is not a character in the Bhaghavad Gita?
    Shiva
  50. Dharma
    Social Duties and Resposibilities
  51. Moksha
    Deliverance from the recycle of rebirth
  52. Karma
    Consequences of ones actions
  53. Samsara
    Cycle of rebirth and reincarnation
  54. Varna
    Caste System
  55. Maya
    The illusion of the natural world
  56. Avidya
    Ignorance of true reality
  57. Atman
    the human soul
  58. Shudra
    Laborer Caste
  59. Kshatriya
    Ruler/Warrior Caste
  60. Vaishya
    Merchant Caste
  61. Brahmin
    Priestly caste System
  62. Ashrama
    Stage of life
  63. Marga
    path(to the goal)
  64. Yoga
    (yoke) discipline
  65. Devi
    Goddess
  66. The god of the Trimurti least worshipped in devotional
    Hinduism is _______.
  67. Brahma
  68. Which of the following is not a character in the Bhaghavad
    Gita?
    Shiva
  69. Rama and Krishna are the two most beloved _______.
    avatars of Vishnu
  70. Holi, Divali, and Dasehra are _______.
    Hindu holy days
  71. The marga/yoga of devotion in Hinduism is _______.
    Bhakti
  72. The marga/yoga of knowledge in Hinduism is _______.
    Jnana
  73. The marga/yoga of good works in Hinduism is _______.
    Karma
  74. The marga/yoga of psycho-physical discipline is _______.
    Raja
  75. Which of the following was Mohandas Gandhi positively inspired by?

    A. Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount
    B. Henry David Thoreau
    C. the Jainist teaching of ahimsa
    D. all of the above
    all of the above
  76. Many Hindus believe a better name than Hinduism for
    their religious heritage is ________.
    A. Upanishadic Monism
    B. Sanatana Dharma
    C. Varnashrama Dharma
    D. Vedic Brahmanism
    Sanatana Dharma
  77. The Code of Manu is a response to ________.
    A. Buddhism
    B. Jainism
    C. opposition to the caste system
    D. all of the above
    E. none of the above
    all of the above
  78. Ramakrishna’s disciple who attended the Parliament of
    Religion in Chicago in 1893 was ________.
    A. Vivekananda
    B. Ram Mohan Roy
    C. Mohandes Gandhi
    D. Indira Gandhi
    Vivekananda
  79. Arhat
    • a fully liberated & enlightened person;
    • the Theravada ideal human
  80. Sangha
    the community of monks
  81. Buddha
    • the enlightened, awakened one;
    • Tathagata; Shakyamuni
  82. Anatman
    no self / no soul
  83. Nirvana
    extinguishing; blowing out
  84. Bodhisattva
    • a future Buddha, helping others on
    • their path; the Mahayana ideal human
  85. Skandha
    one of the five constituents of a human
  86. Koan
    a Chan/Zen riddle for contemplation
  87. Pagoda
    a shrine or temple
  88. Anicca
    impermanence
  89. Tripitaka
    Theravada Pali canon; The Three Baskets
  90. Sutras
    Sanskrit Mahayana texts
  91. The Buddha’s “Middle Way” is understood as the balance between:
    A. asceticism and indulgence
    B. extreme/opposing partial realities
    C. samsara and nirvana
    D. all of the above
    asceticism and indulgence
  92. Buddhism substantially reinterprets the Hindu ideas of:
    A. dharma
    B. karma
    C. samadhi
    D. all of the above
    all of the above
  93. The spread of Mahayana Buddhism most greatly affected:
    A. China, Korea, & Japan
    B. India
    C. Egypt
    D. Southeast Asia
    China, Korea, & Japan
  94. Buddhism was initially spread largely because of the rule of King:
    A. Bodhidharma
    B. Maitreya
    C. Miluo
    D. Asoka
    Asoka
  95. The more conservative “tradition of the elders” is called ________.
    Theravada
  96. The term meaning “larger vehicle,” the Buddhist movement that added new
    understandings, absorbed other religious ideas, and most transcended
    cultural boundaries throughout the world is ________.
    Mahayana
  97. The most tantric form of Buddhism is ________.
    Tibetan
  98. The Buddhism that involves a savior and western paradise is _______.
    Pure Land
  99. The intuitive Buddhism that seeks Satori, a flash of insight through
    meditating on koans, is called:
    A. Ch’an
    B. Zen
    C. Dhyana
    D. All of these
    All of these
  100. The early teacher of the intuitive Buddhism in the clue above was:
    A. Amitabha
    B. Bodhidharma
    C. Maitreya
    D. All of these
    Bodhidharma
  101. The Dalai Lama is leader of the ________ sect of Tibetan Buddhism.
    A. Red Hat
    B. Yellow Hat
    C. Thodol
    D. All of these
    Yellow Hat
  102. The Buddha of the Pure Land is called:
    A. Amitabha
    B. Amida
    C. Emiduo
    D. All of these
    All of these
  103. The Indian/Tibetan Bodhisattva who undergoes a sex change to become
    the far-eastern Bodhisattva of compassion is:
    A. Amitabha
    B. Avalokiteshvara
    C. Maitreya
    D. Bodhidharma
    Avalokiteshvara
  104. In China and Japan, the Bodhisattva in the clue above becomes the
    female Bodhisattva:
    A. Kali / Kami
    B. Kachina / Kharjuna
    C. Quan-Yin / Kannon
    D. Maitreya / Miluo
    Quan-Yin / Kannon
  105. The Indian Buddha of the future, ________, becomes the fat, laughing
    Chinese Buddha ________.
    A. Amitabha; Amida
    B. Maitreya; Miluo
    C. Amida; Emiduo
    D. Nagarjuna; Durga
    Maitreya; Miluo
  106. The form of Mahayana that believes ritual to be worthless is:
    A. Pure Land
    B. Nichiren
    C. Zen
    D. Soka Gakkai
    Zen
  107. The Buddha’s first sermon was near Banares at:
    A. the Lumbini Palace
    B. the Deer Park
    C. the Kumba Mela
    D. Shiloh Baptist Church
    the Deer Park
  108. Siddhartha was from the ______ varna and the ______ clan.
    A. Vaishya; Jataka
    B. Brahmin; Jnana
    C. Kshatriya; Vajra
    D. Kshatriya; Sakya
    Kshatriya; Sakya
  109. In the second of the Four Noble Truths, _______ is caused by _______.
    A. suffering; desire
    B. moksha; samsara
    C. samadhi; suffering
    D. nirvana; karma
    suffering; desire
  110. The Three Refuges of Buddhism are also called Three _______.
    A. Mantras
    B. Dharmas
    C. Jewels
    D. Lotuses
    Jewels
  111. Jen
    Virtue of goodness; humaneness
  112. Li
    Right action, “rite” action, propriety
  113. Shu
    Reciprocity
  114. Tian
    Heaven
  115. I Ching
    The Book of Changes
  116. Tao
    The Way
  117. Jun-zi
    The ideal or superior man
  118. Ru
    Mandarins; aristocrats
  119. sky, sun, light, warm
    Yin or Yang?
    Yang
  120. earth, dark, cool
    Yin or yang?
    Yin
  121. female
    Yin or yang?
    Yin
  122. Male
    Yin or yang?
    Yang
  123. spring planting
    yin or yang?
    Yang
  124. autumn harvest
    yin or yang?
    Yin
  125. dragon
    yin or yang?
    yang
  126. tiger
    yin or yang?
    yin
  127. Founder of Taoism:
    Lao-tzu
  128. Later Taoist philosopher who expanded the founder’s vision:
    Chuang-tzu
  129. Successor to Confucius who held that human nature is good but is
    impeded by an evil social environment:
    Mencius
  130. Successor to Confucius who held that human nature is self-centered
    and evil, requiring education and training to become good:
    Hsun-tzu
  131. The art of determining auspicious locations for objects according to Yin-Yang bearings is called:
    feng-shui
  132. The Taoist principle of inactive action, or action without
    effort, flowing freely with the Tao:
    wu-wei

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