Neonates Chapter 10

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Neonates Chapter 10
2012-03-05 20:15:26
Lung disease

Perinatal lung disease and other problems of prematurity
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  1. THe underlying etiology of RDS is:
    Surfactant deficiency
  2. Of the following, which are complications of RDS?
    1. DIC
    2. Intraventricular hemorrhage
    3. Infection
    4. PDA
    5. left ventricular failure
    • DIC
    • Intraventricular hemorrhage
    • Infection
    • PDA
  3. Oxygen toxicity, barotrauma, PDA, and fluid overload are all linked to the develpment of:
  4. Which of the following is least likely to be used when treating BPD?
  5. The radiographic picture of Wilson-Mikity syndrome appears similar to:
  6. What best defines vaso-obliteration?
    Necrosis of retinal vessels
  7. Prevention of ROP is based on:
    Cautious use of oxygen
  8. Intraventricular hemorrhage in premature neonates occurs most often in the:
    Germinal matrix
  9. Bleeding in the brain ventricles, without evidence of ventricular dilation, describes:
    Grade 2 IVH
  10. One of the initial signs of fetal asphyxia is:
  11. Meconium passage into the amniotic fluid is precipitated by:
  12. Intubation of the trachea, followed by suction applied to the endotracheal tube while it is being removed, is indicated when:
    Thick meconium is present in the amniotic fluid.
  13. A ventilator patient's status suddenly worsens with bradycardia, cyanosis, retractions, and apnea. The immediate reaction of the respiratory care practitioner would be:
    Check for signs of extubation followed by transillumination of the chest
  14. PIE can best be treated by:
    Low ventilatory pressures
  15. A patient is suspected of having PPHN. Which of the following is the most accurate test to make teh diagnosis?
    The hyperoxia-hyperventilation test
  16. Which of the following is a risk of treating PPHN with NO?
  17. Which of the following are indicative of TTN?
    1. Deviated white blood cell count
    2. Tachypnea
    3. Cyanosis
    4. Metabolic acidosis
    5. Normal PaO2 and PaCO2
    • Tachypnea
    • Cyanosis
    • Normal PaO2 and PaCO2
  18. Of the following, which is not a cause of central apnea?
    Vocal cord paralysis
  19. Which of the following drugs would be used to treat central apnea?