SET 2.txt

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Victordv
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139997
Filename:
SET 2.txt
Updated:
2012-03-08 20:07:07
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Medical Prefix Suffix Set EMESIS MUC
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Medical Prefix and Suffix Set 2/4 (EMESIS - MUC)
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  1. -EMESIS
    • vomit
    • hem/emesis
    • blood/vomit
  2. -EMIA
    • blood
    • leuc/emia (leukemia)
    • white/blood
    • (abnormal increase in WBC's)
  3. EMPHYSEMA
    • puffed up
    • emphysemat/ous
    • puffed up/state of or refers to
    • (inner air sacks of lung swollen)
  4. EN-
    • in
    • en/cephal/itis
    • in/head (refers to brain)/inflamed
  5. ENAMEL
    • hard
    • enamel
    • hard (hard outer covering of upper tooth)
  6. EN/CEPHAL/O-
    • within head (referring to the brain)
    • encephalo/gram
    • within head/recording
  7. ENDO-
    • within or inside
    • endo/derm
    • within or inside/skin
  8. ENEMA
    • injection
    • enema
    • injection (water forced into colon for cleansing)
  9. ENTERO-
    • intestine (usually refers to small intestine)
    • enter/itis
    • intestine (usually refers to small intestine)/inflamed
  10. ENURESIS
    • to void or expel urine
    • enuresis
    • to void (expel) urine
    • (involuntary: like bed-wetting)
  11. EOSIN/O-
    • rose red color
    • eosino/phil
    • rose red (color)/love of
    • (staining of WBC's)
  12. EPI-
    • upon
    • epi/didymis
    • upon/teste (coil structure upon teste)
    • epi/gastr/ic
    • upon/stomach/pertains to
    • epi/glott/itis
    • upon/tongue/inflamed
  13. EPISI/O-
    • pubic region
    • episi/orrhaphy
    • pubic region/to stitch
    • (repair of a lacerated or torn vulva or of a episiotomy)
    • episi/o/tom/y
    • pubic region (vulva)/cut/process of
    • (upside down 'V' cut from vagina towards anus: to ease childbirth in some women)
  14. ERGO-
    • work or labor
    • ergo/meter
    • work/to measure
    • ergot
    • work or labor (birthing drug)
  15. ERYTHERMAT/O-
    • red or flushed
    • erythermat/ic
    • red or flushed/refer to
  16. ERYTHR/O-
    • red
    • erythro/cyte
    • red/cell (chamber)
    • (a red blood cell that carries oxygen to the body's cells)
  17. ESCHAR
    • scab
    • eschar
    • scab
    • eschar/ification
    • snail like (scab)/process of (development)
  18. ESO-
    • toward
    • eso/phag/us
    • toward/eater/refers to (tube from stomach to mouth)
  19. ESTHES/I-
    • physical feeling
    • an/esthes/ia
    • without/physical feeling
  20. ESTR/O-
    • female
    • estro/gen
    • female/beginning (phase of cycle)
  21. ETI/O-
    • cause
    • eti/olog/y
    • cause/study or science of diseases/process
  22. EU-
    • good or normal
    • eu/toc/ia
    • good or normal/birth/pertains to
    • eu/gene/tics
    • good, new or normal/ to produce or form/ state of
    • eu/phor/ia
    • good or normal/feeling (mental)/pertain to
  23. EX-
    • out, outside, outward
    • ex/tens/ion
    • outward/to stretch/process of
    • related term(s): EXO-, EXTRA-
  24. FACET/O-
    • face
    • facet
    • little face (upper and lower small articular faces of vertebral plates)
    • related term(s): FACI/O-
  25. FASC/I-
    • band
    • fasc/ia
    • band (covering around and between muscles 'membranous')/refers to
  26. FEBR/O-
    • fever
    • febr/ile
    • fever/state of or refers to
  27. FEC/O-
    • stool or fecal matter
    • fec/o/lith
    • stool (feces waste)/like stone
    • related term(s): SCATO-, STERCO-
  28. FEMOR/O-
    • thigh
    • femor/al
    • thigh/refer to
  29. -FERENCE
    • to carry
    • vas de/ference
    • vessel: away/to carry
    • (duct from teste)
  30. FERRO-
    • iron
    • ferr/ous
    • iron/state of
    • related term(s): sider/o-, heme
  31. FET/O-
    • young
    • feto/graph/y
    • young/instrument/procedure of
    • fet/us
    • young (last 6 & 1/2 months of development in uterus)/refer to
    • (embryo means early)
  32. FIBRILL/O-
    • to quiver
    • fibrill/ation
    • to quiver (muscle fiber contraction)/process of
  33. FIBRO-
    • fiber
    • fibr/oma
    • fiber (thread like structures)/tumor
  34. FIBUL/O-
    • to clasp
    • fibul/a
    • to clasp/refers to (noun)
    • (smaller outer long bone of lower leg)
  35. FIL-
    • thread
    • fila/ment
    • thread/state of or refers to
    • related term(s): FILI-
  36. FISS-
    • to split or splitting
    • fiss/ion
    • splitting/refers to
    • fiss/ure
    • cleft or split/state of
  37. FISTUL/O-
    • pipe or pipe stem
    • pyo/fistula
    • pus/pipe or pipe-stem
    • (pus found within a pipe or tube that opens to body surface)
  38. FLEX-
    • to bend
    • ante/flex/ion
    • before/to bend or divert/process of
    • (to decrease angle of joint)
    • related term(s): -FLECT
  39. FLU-
    • flowing
    • in/fluenza
    • inward/condition of flowing
    • (mucoid material)
  40. -FLUX
    • to flow
    • re/flux
    • again/flow
    • (the movement of a substance backward or upward)
  41. FORAMEN/O-
    • opening
    • Foramen/al
    • opening/refers to
    • (also known as meatus or opening)
  42. FORE-
    • before
    • fore/arm
    • before/brachium or arm
    • (between elbow and wrist)
  43. FRACT/O-
    • to break
    • fract/ure
    • to break/refers to
  44. FRONT/O-
    • forehead or before
    • front/al
    • forehead or before (front brow)/pertains to
  45. FUNGI-
    • mushroom
    • fungi/form
    • mushroom or plant/shape
    • related term(s): LICHEN/I-
  46. FURUN/O-
    • boil
    • furun/cle
    • boil/small
    • (may vary in size and characteristics)
  47. GALACT/O-
    • milk
    • galacto/poiesis
    • milk/production
  48. GANGLI/O-
    • knot, swelling, or collection
    • gangli/ectomy
    • knot, swelling, or collection/excision
    • (removal of the fibrous swelling 'dorsal root' formation on post. spinal nerve)
  49. GANGREN/O-
    • eating sore
    • gangren/ous
    • eating sore/refers to
    • (dead tissue caused by isch/emia 'poor blood flow')
  50. GASTR/O-
    • stomach
    • gastr/itis
    • stomach/inflamed
    • gastrocnemi/us
    • calf of leg or stomach shape muscle in back of lower leg
  51. GEN/O-
    • race
    • geno/type
    • race/classification (gene)
  52. GENI/O-
    • chin
    • geni/ec/tom/y
    • chin/out/cutting/procedure of
  53. GENIT/O-
    • reproductive or birth
    • genit/al
    • reproductive or birth/refers to
    • (reproductive structures)
  54. GENU-
    • knee
    • genu/clast
    • knee/breaking
    • (instrument to break knee joint adhesions)
  55. -GEN
    • origin, develop, to produce, to form, to make
    • carcino/gen
    • crab-like/ to produce, to form, to make, origin, develop
    • (substance that causes cancer)
    • carcino/gen/esis
    • crab-like/origin or beginning/process of
    • related term(s): -GENESIS
  56. GER/O-
    • old or old age
    • ger/iatr/ic
    • old or old age/treat or cure/study of or science of
    • (studying all aspects of the aging process)
  57. GEST-
    • to bear or separate
    • gest/ation
    • to bear or separate/process of
    • (time period from conception to birth)
  58. GINGIV/O-
    • gum
    • gingiv/itis
    • gum/inflamed
    • related term(s): ULO-
  59. GLANDUL/O-
    • little acorn or gland
    • glandul/ar
    • little acorn or gland/refers to
  60. GLAUC/O-
    • waterfall or gray
    • glauc/oma
    • waterfall or gray/swelling
    • (inner eye pressure causing loss of sight)
  61. GLI/O-
    • glue or glue-like
    • gli/oma
    • glue or glue-like/tumor
    • (gliocytes are body cells that hold neurons or nerves together)
    • alternate spelling: GLIA-
  62. GLOMERUL/O-
    • small round mass or tiny ball
    • glomerul/itis
    • small round mass or tiny ball/inflamed
    • (mass or capillary tuft of nephron "kidney functional unit or filter")
  63. GLOSS/O-
    • tongue
    • gloss/itis
    • tongue/inflamed
    • glosso/pharyng/eal
    • tongue/pharynx or throat/refers to
  64. GLOTT/O-
    • back of tongue
    • epi/glott/itis
    • upon/back of tongue/inflamed
    • (structure protecting voice-box: consists of two vocal cords & glottis rim)
  65. GLUT-
    • buttocks
    • glut/itis
    • buttocks (rear-end)/refer to
  66. GLYCO-
    • sugar
    • glyco/pen/ia
    • sugar/decrease or lower/refers to
  67. -GNOSIS
    • knowledge
    • dia/gnosis
    • total or complete/knowledge
  68. GOITER
    • swelling (throat)
    • goiter/ectomy
    • swelling (throat)/removal of thyroid goiter
  69. GON/O-
    • seed or seed producer
    • gono/rrhea
    • seed or seed producer/flowing from
    • related term(s): orchi/o
  70. GOUT
    • a drop
    • gout
    • a drop
    • (uric acid crystals larger than blood cells which
    • drop to lower joints causing pain. Type of
    • arthritis - usually found in big toe)
  71. -GRADE
    • a step, stage, or degree in a process
    • retro/grade
    • backward or behind/a step, stage, or degree in a process
  72. -GRAFT
    • to probe or cut with a knife
    • dermo/graft
    • skin/to probe with knife (pole; probe; or steak)
    • (the removal of skin to be placed on new body part - like a flap)
  73. -GRAM
    • to record
    • myo/gram
    • muscle/to record (write or take down)
  74. -GRAPHY
    • procedure of using an instrument to do recording
    • myo/graphy
    • muscle/procedure of using an instrument to do recording
  75. -GRAPH
    • instrument
    • myo/graph
    • muscle/instrument
    • (used to do recording)
    • related term(s): -e
  76. GRAVID/O-
    • heavy or pregnant
    • gravid/ium
    • heavy or pregnant/refers to
    • (gravida means pregnant woman)
  77. GROIN
    • inguinal region
    • groin
    • inguinal region
    • (depression between thigh and trunk)
  78. GUMM/O-
    • gum or gum like
    • Gumma
    • gum or gum like
    • (lesions of 3rd stage of syphilis)
  79. GUST/O-
    • tasting or to taste
    • gust/ation
    • tasting or to taste/process of
  80. GYNEC/O-
    • woman
    • gynec/olog/ist
    • woman/science and study of/specialist
    • alternate spelling: GYN/O-
  81. HALLUX
    • great or big toe
    • hallux/ectomy
    • great or big toe/removal
  82. HAPLO-
    • half (single)
    • hapl/oid
    • half or single/resembling
    • (set of 23 chromosomes in cell 'not paired')
  83. HEALTH
    • wholeness
    • health
    • wholeness
    • This supports the concept of 'Integrated
    • Medicine' by Dr. Andrew Weil. Different
    • modalities are used including Traditional Eastern
    • and Western Medicine, Chiropractic, Homeopathic
    • Medicine, Acupuncture, Herbs, Nutrition,
    • Breathing, Yoga, Vitamins and Minerals, Massage,
    • and many other therapies. This includes
    • Physical, Mental, Emotional, Intellectual, and
    • Spiritual aspects to promote wholeness 'Health or
    • Wellness'.
  84. HELICO-
    • spiral
    • helico/bacter pylori
    • spiral (shaped)/bacteria: gatekeeper (lower end of stomach)
    • (digestive system bacteria that causes most digestive ulcers 'sores')
  85. HELIO-
    • sun
    • helio/pathy
    • sun/injury (caused by)
  86. HELMINTH/O-
    • worms or worm
    • helminth/iasis
    • worms or worm/disease of or condition of
    • (leading killer of humans world wide except TB)
    • related term(s): ASCAR/IS, VERMI-
  87. HEM/O-
    • blood
    • hem/o/rrhage
    • blood/bursting forth
    • hemo/kinesis means: blood/movement or flow
    • alternate spelling: HEMATO-
  88. HEME-
    • iron
    • hem/atin
    • iron/small part
    • (non-protein portion of hemoglobin where iron is in ferrous state)
    • related term(s): sidero-, ferro-
  89. HEMI-
    • half or one half
    • hemi/plegia
    • half (right or left side of body)/paralyzed
    • related term(s): DEMI-, SEMI-
  90. HEPAT/O-
    • liver
    • hepat/itis
    • liver (cells)/inflamed
  91. HEPT/A-
    • seven
    • hepta/dactyl/ia
    • seven/fingers or toes/refers to
  92. HERNI/O-
    • rupture or protrusion
    • hern/ia
    • rupture or protrusion/condition of
  93. HERPES
    • to creep
    • Herpes (Herpes Simplex Virus)
    • to creep
  94. HETER/O-
    • other or opposite
    • hetero/gen/ous
    • other or opposite/form/state of
  95. HIAT-
    • an opening
    • hiat/al
    • an opening/refers to
    • (esophageal hiatus in diaphragm)
  96. HIDR/O-
    • sweat
    • hidr/osis
    • sweat (watery)/condition of
    • (abnormal sweating and usually causes blisters)
    • related term(s): sudorifer/o-
  97. HIRSUT-
    • hairy or profound hair
    • hirsut/ism
    • hairy or profound hair/state of
    • (bearded women or extremely hairy people)
  98. -HISCENCE
    • to gape open
    • de/hiscence
    • away/to gape (open)
    • (wound, incision, injury that gapes open)
  99. HISTO-
    • web-like or tissue
    • hist/olog/y
    • web-like or tissue/science or study of/process of
    • (tissues are composed of similar cells)
  100. HOLIST/O-
    • whole
    • holist/ic medicine
    • whole/state of: remedy or drug
    • (refers to treating the whole individual -
    • comprehensive total patient care: physical,
    • mental, social, and economic. New approach to
    • care by H.M.O.)
    • alternate spelling: HOLO-
  101. HOMEO-
    • same, constant, or unchanged
    • homeo/path/y
    • same, constant, or unchanged/disease/process of
    • related term(s): HOMO-
  102. HORMON/O-
    • to urge on
    • hormon/al
    • to urge on/refers to
    • (chemicals that stimulate specific cell performance)
  103. HUMER/O-
    • arm (upper)
    • humer/al
    • arm (upper)/refers to
  104. HYAL/O-
    • glassy or glass like
    • hyal/ase
    • glassy or glass-like/enzyme
    • (enzyme found in head of sperm that break down tissues on contact)
  105. HYDRO-
    • water
    • hydro/pneumo/thorax
    • water/lung(within)/chest
    • hydro/cephalis
    • water (cerebral spinal fluid)/head (within)
    • related term(s): AQUA-
  106. HYPER-
    • increase or above
    • hyper/tens/ion
    • above or excess/pressure (above 140 systolic/90 diastolic -BP)/process of
    • hyper/troph/y
    • increase/development/process of
  107. HYPN/O-
    • sleep
    • Hypn/osis
    • sleep/condition
    • (alpha state of brainwave patterns: this is not true sleep)
    • related term(s): somn/o-
  108. HYPO-
    • under or below
    • hypo/tens/ion
    • under or below (pressure in vessels)/contraction/process of
    • hypo/derm/ic
    • below/skin/pertaining to
  109. HYSTER/O-
    • uterus
    • hyster/ectomy
    • uterus /removal
    • hyster/ia
    • nervous reaction/refers to
  110. IATR/O-
    • treat or cure, procedure of treating
    • ger/iatr/ic
    • old age/treat or cure/pertains to
    • related term(s): -IATR/Y
  111. -IA
    • refers to, condition, state of
    • esthes/ia
    • feeling (physical)/refers to, condition, state of
    • dys/phag/ia
    • difficult/eating or swallowing/refers to
    • related term(s): -A
  112. ICHTHY-
    • fish or fish like
    • ichthy/osis
    • fish or fish-like (resembles fish scales)/condition of
    • (often seen with fungus infections on feet)
  113. -ICIAN
    • one who
    • diet/ician
    • food/one who (performs)
  114. -ICLE
    • small or tiny
    • oss/icle
    • bone/small or tiny
    • related term(s): -CULE, -IOLE, -ULA, - ULE
  115. -ISY
    • inflamed
    • pleur/isy
    • side or rib/inflamed
    • (2 layer serous membrane 'like pericardium and peritoneum' covering of lungs inside the ribs)
    • related term(s): -itis
  116. IDE/O-
    • idea, thoughts, emotions, image
    • ideo/motor
    • idea, thoughts, emotions, image/movement
    • ideo/vascul/ar
    • emotions/vessels/refers to
    • (vessels contract because of stress)
  117. IDIO-
    • unique to or unknown cause
    • idio/path/ic
    • unique to or unknown cause/disease/refer to
    • (distinctive or individualized personal health problem)
  118. -ID
    • state of
    • morb/id
    • disease/state of
  119. ILE/O-
    • twisted
    • ile/um
    • twisted/pertains to
    • (3rd part of small intestine - 15 feet long)
    • ile/itis
    • twisted/inflamed
    • related term(s): torsi-, varic/o-
  120. ILIO-
    • flank
    • ili/um
    • flank (area)/refers to
    • (ili/acus muscle in outer pelvic flank area)
  121. IM-
    • into or not
    • im/plant
    • into/place or locate
    • im/potent
    • not/powerful or strong
    • (not capable of having a strong or hard male erection)
  122. IMMUN/O-
    • safe, protect, immune
    • immun/o/log/y
    • safe, protect, immune/science of/process of
  123. IN SITU
    • in position or location
    • in situ
    • in: position or location (original or first)
    • (early phase or stage of cancer)
  124. IN-
    • into or not
    • in/di/gest/ion
    • not/two/separations/process of
    • in/cis/or
    • into/cut/pertain to
    • (4 front teeth top center and 4 bottom center)
  125. INCUS
    • anvil
    • mallus/incus/stapes
    • hammer/anvil/stirrup (shapes)
    • (3 tiny ossicles or middle ear bones)
  126. INFARCT-
    • to stuff into
    • infarct/ion
    • to stuff into/refers to
    • (clot blockage that causes diminished blood flow to heart or other body parts 'muscles or organs')
  127. INFECT/O-
    • to invade
    • infect/ion
    • to invade/process of
  128. INFLAM/O-
    • flame within
    • inflamm/ation
    • flame within/process of
  129. INFRA-
    • under or below
    • infra/clavicul/ar
    • under or below/collar bone/refers to
    • infra/mur/al
    • below/wall/pertaining to
    • related term(s): hyp/o-, sub-
  130. INGUIN/O-
    • groin
    • inguin/al
    • groin/refers to
    • (area between belly and thigh)
  131. -ING
    • procedure of or process of
    • operat/ing
    • working/procedure of or process of
    • related term(s): -AGE, -ATION, -IATION, -ION, -TION, -Y
  132. INTEGU-
    • covering
    • integu/ment
    • covering/refers to or state of
    • (skin of body)/refers to or state of
  133. INTER-
    • between
    • inter/cellul/ar
    • between/cell or chamber/refers to
  134. INTRA-
    • within
    • intra/nuclear
    • within/refers to nut
  135. INTRO-
    • within
    • intro/spect
    • within/to view
  136. INTUS-
    • within
    • intus/suscept/ion
    • within/to receive/process of
    • (invagination or the slipping of a body part into a lower body part 'like the intestines' - often seen in children and animals)
  137. -IN
    • substance or chemical
    • gastr/in
    • stomach/substance or chemical
    • holo/crine (gland)
    • all or whole/secretes substance or chemical
    • related term(s): -INE
  138. -IOLE
    • smaller, lesser, diminutive
    • bronch/iole
    • trachea-like (tubes of lungs)/smaller, lesser, diminutive
    • alternate spelling: -OLE
    • related term(s): -CULE, -ICLE, -ULA, -ULE
  139. ION/O-
    • going, ion movement
    • iono/therap/y
    • going (of ions)/treat or cure/procedure of
    • (treatment by introducing ions into body
    • related term(s): IONT/O-
  140. -IOR
    • one who is
    • infer/ior
    • under or below/ one who (is)
    • related term(s): -ER, -OR
  141. -IOUS
    • state of
    • delir/ious
    • mental confusion or excitement/state of
    • (illusions and hallucinations)
  142. IPSI-
    • equal
    • ipsi/later/al
    • equal/side or sides/process of
  143. IR-
    • not or lack of
    • ir/regul/ar
    • not or lack of/consistent or regular/refers to
  144. IR/O-
    • rainbow
    • ir/is (noun)
    • rainbow/refers to
    • ir/idescent
    • rainbow/having or exhibiting
    • related term(s): IRID/O-
  145. ISCH/O-
    • deficiency, blockage, to hold back
    • isch/emic
    • deficiency or blockage/refers to blood
    • (myocardial ischemia: angina pectoris or chest pain because of poor blood supply to the heart muscle)
    • isch/emia
    • hold back/pertains to blood
  146. ISCHI/O-
    • hip joint or hip
    • Ischio/dynia
    • hip joint or hip/pain
  147. -ISH
    • resembling or related to
    • lap/ish
    • stone/resembling or related to
  148. -ISM
    • state of or condition of
    • giant/ism
    • large/state of
    • albin/ism
    • white/state of or condition of
  149. ISO-
    • equal or same
    • iso/ton/ic
    • equal or same/tone/refers to
    • iso/cell/ar
    • equal/cells/refers to
    • (chamber 'inside cell membrane' pressure)
  150. -IST
    • specialist
    • endo/crin/olog/ist
    • within/secrete/science or study of/specialist
    • (glands that secrete directly into or within the blood)
  151. -ITES
    • dropsy or drooping
    • tympan/ites
    • drum/dropsy or drooping
  152. -ITIS
    • inflamed or inflammation
    • gloss/itis
    • tongue/inflamed or inflammation
    • related term(s): -icy
  153. -ITY
    • state of
    • steril/ity
    • barren (not capable of fertility)/state of
    • related term(s): -ous
  154. -IZE
    • state of or acts like
    • cauter/ize
    • burn/state of
    • hypnot/ize
    • sleep/state of or acts like
  155. JEJUNO-
    • to empty (2nd part of small intestine)
    • jejun/um
    • to empty (the second part of the small intestine/refers to
    • (five foot long 2nd part of the small intestine with rugae 'folds' and villi 'hair-like projections' for absorption)
    • related part(s): 1st part duodenum, 3rd part ileum
  156. JUNCTIV/O-
    • joining or to join
    • con/junctiv/itis
    • together/joining or to join/inflamed
    • (ocular and eyelid parts)
  157. KALI-
    • potassium
    • kali/penia
    • potassium/decrease of
  158. KARY/O-
    • nucleus
    • karyo/kinesis
    • nucleus/movement or motion
  159. KEL/O-
    • scar
    • kel/oid
    • scar/resembling
    • (raised hard reddened scar)
  160. KERAT/O-
    • cornea or horny
    • kerato/malac/ia
    • cornea (eye)/softening/refers to
    • (cornea of children - lack of Vitamin A)
  161. KET/O-
    • sour or acid
    • keto/sis
    • sour or acid/condition
    • (an increase in ketone bodies referred to as acidosis and is associated with starvation)
  162. KIL/O-
    • one thousand
    • kilo/gram
    • one thousand/grams
    • (recording weight of about 2.2 lb.)
    • note: a milli/gram is one thousandth of a gram
  163. KINE-
    • movement or motion
    • kine/tic
    • movement/state of or condition of
    • alternate spelling: KINESI/O
    • related term(s): KYM/O-
  164. KRAUR/O-
    • dryness
    • Kraur/o/sis
    • dryness/condition
    • (associated with mouth and vagina)
  165. KYPH/O-
    • hunchback
    • kyph/osis
    • hunchback/condition
  166. LABIO-
    • lip
    • labi/oma
    • lip/tumor
    • (the term 'cheilo' also means lip)
  167. LABRYNITHO-
    • maze
    • labrynith/itis
    • maze/inflamed
    • (top portion of inner ear - balance)
  168. LACER/O-
    • to tear
    • lacer/ate
    • to tear/refers to
  169. LACRIM/O-
    • tearing or tear
    • lacrim/al
    • tearing or tear/refer to
    • related term(s): dacryo-
  170. LACT/O-
    • milk
    • lact/ose
    • milk/sugar
  171. LAMIN/O-
    • thin flat plate or layer
    • lamin/ectomy
    • thin flat plate or layer/removal
    • lamin/ent
    • thin flat plate or layer/having or possessing
    • (bridge part of vertebrae arch)
  172. LAP/I-
    • stone
    • lap/is
    • stone/refers to
    • related term(s): PETRO-, LITHO-
  173. -LAPSE
    • falling or slippage
    • pro/lapse
    • before/falling or slippage (means normal before slippage)
    • (sinking down of a body part or organ, usually at a normal or artificial opening)
    • re/lapse
    • again/falling or slippage
  174. LARYNGO-
    • voice box
    • laryng/itis
    • voice box (larynx)/inflamed
    • (hoarseness or loss of the voice)
  175. LAT-
    • side
    • lat/eral
    • side/refers to
    • lat/issimus
    • side (dorsal chest muscle)/refers to
    • alternate spelling: LATER/O-
  176. LAX-
    • to loosen or loosening
    • re/lax/ation
    • again/to loosen/process of
    • alternate spelling: LAXAT/O-
  177. LEI/O-
    • smooth
    • leio/my/oma
    • smooth/muscle/tumor
    • (smooth muscle tumor usually found in stomach or uterus)
  178. LENT/O-
    • freckle
    • lent/icle
    • freckle/small
    • small skin blemishes
  179. LEPR/O-
    • scaly
    • lepros/y
    • scaly/process of
    • (skin lesion appearance)
    • related term(s): LEPROS-
  180. -LEPSY
    • seizure or convulsion
    • epi/leps/y
    • upon/seizure/process of
    • (short circuiting of brain waves)
  181. LEPTO-
    • thin or slender
    • lepto/morph/ic
    • thin or slender/shape or form/refers to
  182. LEUK/O-
    • white
    • leuk/aphere/sis
    • white (white blood cells: WBC's)/separation/condition of
    • related term(s): LEUC/O-
  183. LEVAT/O-
    • lift up
    • levat/or
    • lift up (muscle)/one who
  184. LIBID/O-
    • desire
    • libid/al
    • desire/refers to
    • (conscious or unconscious sex drive)
  185. LICHEN/I-
    • plant
    • lichen/ific/ation
    • plant/process of making (plant-like)
    • (irritations that cause thickening or hardening of skin surface - it now looks like lichens growing on rocks)
    • related term(s): FUNGI-, PHYTO-
  186. LIENO-
    • spleen
    • lien/itis
    • spleen/inflamed
  187. LIGA-
    • to bind
    • liga/ment
    • to bind/state of
    • (binding bone to bone)
  188. LINGU-
    • tongue
    • bi/lingu/al
    • two/tongue/pertain to
    • (use of tongue for producing sounds or speech in two languages)
  189. LIP/O-
    • fat
    • lip/oma
    • fat/tumor or swelling
  190. -LISTHESIS
    • slippage
    • spondylo/listh/esis
    • vertebrae/slippage/condition of
  191. -LITER
    • liter
    • milli/liter
    • one-thousandth/litre of fluid measurement
    • (liter is an unit of liquid: 1.0567 quarts or 1000 ml or cc.)
    • alternate spelling: -LITRE (European)
  192. LITH/O-
    • stone, calculus or rock
    • nephro/lith
    • kidney/stone calculus or rock
    • related term(s): LAP/I-, PETRO-
  193. LOB/O-
    • lobe
    • lob/ectom/y
    • lobe/removal or excision 'cut out'/procedure of
    • (usually in the lung)
  194. LORD/O-
    • swayback (to bend)
    • lordo/sis
    • swayback (to bend)/condition of
    • (lumbar spine is bent anterior: often seen in horses)
  195. LUMB/O-
    • loin
    • lumb/ar
    • loin
    • (5 large lower back vertebrae: just above sacrum or large tail bone)
  196. LUMP-
    • small mass
    • lump/ectomy
    • small mass/excised or removed
  197. LUNA-
    • moon or crescent-shaped
    • lun/ate
    • moon or crescent-shaped/refers to
  198. (Lunar literally means moon, month, silver. Moon
    • is usually seen in a 'C' shape like the 2
    • crescent cartilages of the knee.)
    • related term(s): MENISC/O-
  199. LUPUS
    • wolf
    • lupus erythematosus
    • wolf: red (faced)
    • (a progressive ulcerating skin condition: auto-immune disease with skin lesions)
  200. LUTE/O-
    • yellow
    • lute/al
    • yellow/refers to
    • (spot on retina 'macula lutea' or body structure on ovary 'corpus luteum')
    • related term(s): XANTH/O-
  201. LUX-
    • to dislocate
    • sub/lux/ation
    • under or less/to dislocate/refers to
    • (osteopaths, chiropractors, and orthopedic doctors manipulate or adjust these bone dis/articulations)
  202. LYMPH/O-
    • watery
    • lymph/oma
    • watery (clear fluid or serum)/tumor or swelling
    • (12 major types of lymphatic cancers: Hodgkin's, Leukemias, & Reticular Cancers)
  203. -LYSIS
    • destruction, breakdown, declining
    • auto/lysis
    • self/destruction, breakdown, declining
    • hemo/lysis
    • blood/breakdown
  204. MACER/O-
    • to make soft
    • macer/ation
    • to make soft/process of
  205. MACRO-
    • large or huge
    • macro/phage
    • large or huge/eater(WBC's)
    • macro/scop/ic
    • large/viewing or seeing (eyeballing)/refers to
  206. MACUL/O-
    • large spot or flat skin freckle
    • macula lutea
    • large (flat spot on retina, lesions, mole 'nevus'): yellow
  207. macule
    • large spot or flat skin freckle (lenticel)
    • related term(s): MACULE
  208. MAGNI-
    • large or greater
    • magni/ficat/ion
    • larger or greater/to make/process of
  209. MAL-
    • bad, harm, injury
    • mal/ignant
    • bad, harm, injury/refers to
  210. (growing worse or resisting treatment)
    • mal/practice
    • bad/action
  211. MALAC/O-
    • soft or softening
    • ostero/malac/ia
    • bone/soft or softening/pertains to
  212. MALL/E/OLUS
    • little hammer
    • malle/olus
    • hammer (little bony protuberance on either side of ankle joint)/small
    • related term(s): MALLE/O-
  213. MALLE/O-
    • hammer
    • malle/us
    • hammer (middle ear bone)/refers to(noun)
    • related term(s): MALLEOLUS
  214. MAMM/O-
    • breast
    • mamm/ary
    • breast/refers to
    • related term(s): MAST/O-
  215. MAN/O-
    • hand
    • manu/al
    • hand/pertain to
    • mano/meter
    • (thin or hand measurement)
  216. MAND/I-
    • chew or chewer
    • mand/ible
    • chew or chewer/ability to(lower jaw bone)
  217. -MANIA
    • madness
    • klepto/mani/ac
    • theft or steal/madness/pertains to
    • (obsession or preoccupation with stealing)
    • alternate spelling: MANI/O-
  218. MASSET/O-
    • chewer or to chew
    • masset/er
    • chewer or to chew/one who
    • (muscle from cheek bone to lower jaw)
  219. MASSEUR
    • male massager
    • masseur
    • French term for a male that gives massages
    • related term(s): MASSEUSE
  220. MAST/O-
    • breast
    • mast/ectom/y
    • breast/removal/procedure of
    • (partial or complete)
    • mast/oid
    • breast/resembling
    • (large bone projection of temporal bone: posterior & interior to outer ear)
    • related term(s): MAMM/O-
  221. MASTIC/O-
    • to chew or chewing
    • mastic/ation
    • to chew or chewing/process of
    • (refers to chewing with the large muscle of the cheek -the masseter)
  222. -MATA
    • multiple
    • carcino/mata
    • crab-like (cancerous growths)/multiple (many)
  223. MAXILL/O-
    • upper jaw
    • maxill/ary
    • jaw/refers to
  224. MEASLES
    • rubella, reddish or red
    • measles
    • rubella or reddish or red
    • (3 Day or German Measles - 'Dutch Mesalen'. Red
    • spots appear with 'Papules, Macules, and
    • Vesicles'. Dangerous if pregnant. Rubeola also
    • means reddish and this 9 or 10 day measles is
    • more dangerous because of high fever - 104 to 106
    • degrees F. - usually respiratory virus )
  225. MEAT/O-
    • opening
    • meat/us
    • opening/refer to
  226. MEDI-
    • middle
    • medi/an; medi/um; medi/al
    • middle/refers to
  227. MEGA-
    • great or big
    • mega/colon
    • great (big)/large intestine
  228. MEGALO-
    • huge or large
    • hepato/megal/y
    • liver/huge/process of
  229. MEI/O- and MIO-
    • lesser, smaller, fewer, and constrict
    • mei/osis and Miotic
    • lesser, smaller, fewer/condition of
    • (reduction of cells chromosome from 23 pairs to
    • 23 in egg or sperm. Miotic drops lessen the
    • size of the eyes pupil: mydriatic drops dilate pupil)
    • related term(s): MI/O-
  230. MEL-
    • sweet, honey, cheek, limb
    • mel/itis
    • cheek/inflamed
    • mel/algia
    • limb/pain
    • mel/on
    • sweet/one who is
  231. MELAN/O-
    • black
    • melan/oma
    • black/tumor (skin cancer)
  232. MEN/O-
    • monthly or month
    • men/arche
    • monthly or month/start
    • meno/pause
    • monthly/stoppage
  233. MENING/O-
    • membrane
    • mening/itis
    • membrane/inflamed
    • (covering of Central Nervous System 'CNS')
    • meninges
    • membrane
    • (3 parts: dura mater layer (hard mother);
    • arachnoid layer (spider-like web);
    • and pia mater layer (gentle mother))
  234. MENISC/O-
    • crescent
    • menisc/ectomy
    • crescent ('C' shaped)/excision
    • (knee cartilage that are half moon or 'C' shaped)
    • related term(s): LUNA-
  235. MENT/O-
    • mind
    • ment/al
    • mind/pertains to
  236. -MENTUM
    • chin
    • ante/mentum
    • before/chin
  237. MES/O-
    • middle
    • mes/enter/y
    • middle/intestines/state of
    • (connective tissue or blood vessels on the posterior middle wall of abdomen)
    • meso/derm
    • middle/skin
    • (outer layer is ecto/derm and inner layer is endo/derm)
  238. META-
    • beyond or change
    • meta/carp/al
    • beyond/wrist/pertains to
    • meta/bol/ism
    • change/lump/state of
    • meta/stasis
    • change (from)/standing or stoppage (spreading of cancer or bacteria)
  239. -METER
    • measurement
    • spiro/meter
    • breathe/measurement
    • opto/metr/ist
    • eye/measurement/specialist
    • alternate spelling: -METRE (European)
  240. METR/A-
    • uterus or womb
    • endo/metr/iosis
    • within/uterus or womb/condition
    • endo/metr/itis
    • within/uterus or womb/inflammation
  241. -METRY
    • measurement procedure
    • opto/metr/y (O.D.)
    • sight or vision/measurement/procedure or process
  242. MICRO-
    • small
    • micro/gloss/ia
    • small/tongue/refers to
    • micro/scop/e
    • small/viewing/instrument
  243. MICTUR/O-
    • to make water or urinate
    • mictur/ition
    • to make water or urinate/process of
    • alternate spelling: MICTURIT/O-
  244. MILLI-
    • one-thousandth
    • milli/meter
    • one-thousandth/of meter (39.37 inches)
    • Note: a kilo/gram is one thousand grams or a recording weight of about 2.2 lb. A milli/gram is one-thousandth of a gram
  245. MINIMUS-
    • smallest
    • minim/um
    • smallest/refers to
    • (smallest: gluteus minimus is the smallest of the 3 groups of buttock muscles)
  246. MINUTE
    • small
    • com/minute
    • together/small
    • (com/minuted fractures are caused by the bone being forced together causing small bone parts or chips)
  247. -MITR/E
    • head band or mitre box
    • mitr/al
    • head band or mitre box/refers to
    • alternate spelling: MITR/O- (European)
  248. MOL/O-
    • to mill or grind
    • mol/ar
    • to mill or grind/refer to
    • (upper and lower sets of back teeth of humans)
  249. MON/O-
    • one
    • mono/nucle/osis
    • one/nut/condition of
    • (high number of mono/nuclear 'large' white blood cells)
    • related term(s): UNI-
  250. MORPHO-
    • shape
    • a/morph/ous
    • without/shape or form/state of or composed of
  251. MORT/O-
    • death
    • mort/al
    • death/refers to
  252. -MOTOR
    • movement or motion
    • oculo/motor
    • eye/motion or movement
    • psycho/motor
    • mind/movement
    • related term(s): KINESI/O-
  253. MUC/O-
    • slime
    • muc/oid
    • slime/resembles

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