Neonates Chapter 13

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Neonates Chapter 13
2012-03-06 13:05:16
Interpretation chest rays

Interpretation of chest x-rays
Show Answers:

  1. T/F. X-ray confirms the presence or absence or absence of a disease process.
  2. Of the following, which are densities seen on x-ray?
    1. Gas
    2. Skin
    3. Fluid
    4. Cartilage
    5. Bone
    • Gas
    • Fluid
    • Bone
  3. Which of the following may limit the interpretation of a chest x-ray?
    1. Artifact
    2. Patient movement
    3. Old film
    4. Improper technique
    5. The presence of bony material
    • Artifact
    • Patient movement
    • Improper technique
  4. As you examine a chest x-ray, you note that the spaces between the vertebrae are visible and distinct. The film is:
    Exposed correctly
  5. Flattened diaphragms seen on a chest x-ray indicate:
    Air trapping
  6. The neonatal cardiac silhouette is considered normal size if it is less than what percentage of the thoracic width?
  7. Undervascularization of the hilar region would indicate:
    Right-to left shunt
  8. As you examine a patient’s chest x-ray, you note the tip of the endotracheal tube to be near the carina. You would:
    Pull the tube back slightly
  9. Examination of a chest x-ray reveals a slightly elevated left diaphragm, with a slight mediastinal shift toward the left. The left lower lobe appears whiter than the upper lobes with a slight hyperinflation of the right lower lobe. What is the probable diagnosis?
    Atelectasis in the left lower lobe
  10. A newborn infant presents from delivery with severe respiratory distress. On examination, the abdomen is scaphoid. The radiograph shows a severe mediastinal shift to the right. The likely diagnosis is:
    Diaphragmatic hernia
  11. On examination of a chest radiograph, you note an air pocket on the right lateral heart border. This indicates (a) possible:
  12. Dense cystic patches arranged arranged in generalized patterns that gradually increase in size and number describes which stage of BPD?
    Stage 3
  13. A decubitus film is best used to diagnose which of the following?
    Foreign body aspiration
  14. Which of the following is (are) true regarding the chest radiograph of an asthma patient?
    1. Hyperinflation is common during an acute attack
    2. Air trapping is chronically seen
    3. the chest x-ray may be normal
    4. The lungs may appear hyperlucent during an attack.
    • Hyperinflation is common during an acute attack
    • The chest x-ray may be normal
    • The lungs may appear hyperlucent during an attack