Pathology #3

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Author:
Jeka07
ID:
140042
Filename:
Pathology #3
Updated:
2012-03-06 13:33:45
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Pathology
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Pathology
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  1. what are predisposing factors in disease of the heart & blood vessels
    hereditary, obesity, diet, diabetes, stress, smoking & alcohol/drug abuse
  2. what are social factors that contribute to diseases of the heart & blood vessels
    diet, stress, smoking & alcohol/drug abuse
  3. what is the the process of enlargement or expansion
    dilatation (dilation)
  4. what is inflammation of endocardium or lining membrane of heart including that of the valves
    endocarditis
  5. what is failure of a heart valve to close close tightly, allowing regurgitation of blood is known as
    valvular insufficiency/incompetence
  6. what is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure
    stenosis
  7. what means to literally fall out of place
    prolapse
  8. what is inflammation of the saclike structure surrounding the heart called
    pericarditis
  9. what is inflammation of the heart muscle
    myocarditis
  10. what disease results from streptococcal infections
    rheumatic fever/heart disease
  11. what makes arteriosclerosis & atherosclerosis a little different?
    arteriosclerosis is hardening from pressure overtime & atherosclerosis is hardening from fat & plaque build up in the walls of the arteries
  12. what may be acute of chronic (congestive)?
    cardiac failure
  13. a "true" heart attack is known as
    myocardial infarction
  14. what is high blood pressure called?
    hypertension
  15. what is low blood pressure called?
    hypotension
  16. what is weakening or change of the heart muscle?
    cardiomyopathy
  17. inflammation of the heart is known as
    myocarditis
  18. inflammation of an artery is known as
    arteritis
  19. a localized dilation of a blood vessel is known as a
    aneurysm
  20. what is inflammation of a vein
    phlebitis
  21. what is an abnormal tortuous dilation of the superficial veins of the extremities?
    varicose veins
  22. the 2 upper chambers of the heart are called
    atrium
  23. the 2 lower chambers of the heart are called
    ventricle
  24. blood returning from systemic circulation returns to the
    right atrium
  25. blood passes from the right atrium into the right ventricle thru a valve called the ______ valve
    tricuspid
  26. "strings of the heart" cords that keep the atrioventricular valves from blowing out backwards
    chordae tendinae
  27. blood leaving the right ventricle passes thru the
    pulmonary semilunar valve
  28. blood returning to the heart from the pulmonary circulation enters the
    left atrium
  29. when blood leaves the left atrium it passes thru the _____ or _____ valve into the left ventricle
    Mitral, Bicuspid
  30. the two types of circulation with respect to the heart: _____ & ______
    Systemic & Pulmonary
  31. circulation beginning in the left ventricle is
    systemic
  32. circulation beginning in the right ventricle is
    pulmonary
  33. circulation always begins in a ____ and ends in an ____
    ventricle, atrium
  34. systemic circulation begins with _____ blood
    oxygentated
  35. pulmonary circulation begins with _____ blood
    deoxygenated
  36. inflammation of the gums is known as
    gingivitis
  37. inflammation of the mouth is known as
    stomatitis
  38. inflammation of the tongue is known as
    glossitis
  39. inflammation of the throat is known as
    pharyngitis
  40. what is inflammation of the esophagus
    esophagitis
  41. inflammation of the stomach is known as
    gastritis
  42. inflammation of the intestine is known as
    enteritis
  43. uclers of the stomach & small intestines are usually _____ ulcers
    peptic
  44. inflammation of the colon is known as
    colitis
  45. inflammation of the appendix is known as
    appendicitis
  46. what are hemorrhoids? what is another antiquated term for the affliction?
    varicosity of the anal sphincter; distended veins lining the anus associated with straining (ex:child birth or low fiber diet); aka piles
  47. inflammation of the liver is known as
    hepatitis
  48. inflammation of the gall bladder is known as
    cholecystitis
  49. cholelithiasis is another name for
    gall stones
  50. inflammation of the biliary tract is known as
    cholangitis
  51. what is inflammation of the pancreas?
    pancreatitis
  52. what is inflammation of the peritoneum?
    peritonitis
  53. what is having tiny pockets of weakness in the wall of the large intestines?
    diverticlosis
  54. what is inflammation of the diverticula known as
    diverticulitis
  55. what is an abnormal protrusion of part of an organ thru an abnormal opening in the wall that normally contains it?
    hernia
  56. what are two words to describe volvulus?
    twisting & looping
  57. what is infolding or telescoping of one segment of intestines to another
    intussusception
  58. what is a band of scar-like tissue that forms between 2 surfaces inside the body?
    adhesions
  59. what is a sign frequently associated with liver disease?
    jaundice
  60. valvular insufficency usually effects what organ?
    heart
  61. arteriosclerosis primarily affects the _____ system
    circulatory
  62. aneurysms primarily involve the
    arteries
  63. valvular stenosis usually effects what organ
    heart
  64. blockage of a coronary artery is likely to lead to
    myocardial infarction
  65. inflammation of the rectum is known as
    proctitis
  66. another work for stone, as in gall stone?
    cholelithasis
  67. what are the 4 types of aneurysms?
    berry, sacular, fusiform & dissecting
  68. what is a disease of the liver cause by chronic damage of the liver cells?
    cirrhosis
  69. enteritis usually affects what organ?
    small intestine
  70. jaundice is associated with an excess of _____ in blood
    bilirubin
  71. appendicitis is a disease of the ____ system
    digestive
  72. what makes up th GI tract?
    stomach & intestines
  73. the name for the digestive system from the mouth to the anus is known as
    alimentary canal
  74. the walls of the GI tract have a 4 layered arrangement of tissue, what are the layers from deep to superficial?
    mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa & serosa
  75. mastication is
    chewing
  76. deglutition is
    swalling
  77. what are the 4 main parts of the stomach?
    pyloris, body, fundus & cardiae
  78. what are the 3 regions of the small intestines?
    jejunm, duodem & ileum
  79. what are the 4 passages that divide the large intestines?
    ascending, trasverse, descending & sigmoid

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