Card Set Information
what are predisposing factors in disease of the heart & blood vessels
hereditary, obesity, diet, diabetes, stress, smoking & alcohol/drug abuse
what are social factors that contribute to diseases of the heart & blood vessels
diet, stress, smoking & alcohol/drug abuse
what is the the process of enlargement or expansion
what is inflammation of endocardium or lining membrane of heart including that of the valves
what is failure of a heart valve to close close tightly, allowing regurgitation of blood is known as
what is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure
what means to literally fall out of place
what is inflammation of the saclike structure surrounding the heart called
what is inflammation of the heart muscle
what disease results from streptococcal infections
rheumatic fever/heart disease
what makes arteriosclerosis & atherosclerosis a little different?
arteriosclerosis is hardening from pressure overtime & atherosclerosis is hardening from fat & plaque build up in the walls of the arteries
what may be acute of chronic (congestive)?
a "true" heart attack is known as
what is high blood pressure called?
what is low blood pressure called?
what is weakening or change of the heart muscle?
inflammation of the heart is known as
inflammation of an artery is known as
a localized dilation of a blood vessel is known as a
what is inflammation of a vein
what is an abnormal tortuous dilation of the superficial veins of the extremities?
the 2 upper chambers of the heart are called
the 2 lower chambers of the heart are called
blood returning from systemic circulation returns to the
blood passes from the right atrium into the right ventricle thru a valve called the ______ valve
"strings of the heart" cords that keep the atrioventricular valves from blowing out backwards
blood leaving the right ventricle passes thru the
pulmonary semilunar valve
blood returning to the heart from the pulmonary circulation enters the
when blood leaves the left atrium it passes thru the _____ or _____ valve into the left ventricle
the two types of circulation with respect to the heart: _____ & ______
Systemic & Pulmonary
circulation beginning in the left ventricle is
circulation beginning in the right ventricle is
circulation always begins in a ____ and ends in an ____
systemic circulation begins with _____ blood
pulmonary circulation begins with _____ blood
inflammation of the gums is known as
inflammation of the mouth is known as
inflammation of the tongue is known as
inflammation of the throat is known as
what is inflammation of the esophagus
inflammation of the stomach is known as
inflammation of the intestine is known as
uclers of the stomach & small intestines are usually _____ ulcers
inflammation of the colon is known as
inflammation of the appendix is known as
what are hemorrhoids? what is another antiquated term for the affliction?
varicosity of the anal sphincter; distended veins lining the anus associated with straining (ex:child birth or low fiber diet); aka piles
inflammation of the liver is known as
inflammation of the gall bladder is known as
cholelithiasis is another name for
inflammation of the biliary tract is known as
what is inflammation of the pancreas?
what is inflammation of the peritoneum?
what is having tiny pockets of weakness in the wall of the large intestines?
what is inflammation of the diverticula known as
what is an abnormal protrusion of part of an organ thru an abnormal opening in the wall that normally contains it?
what are two words to describe volvulus?
twisting & looping
what is infolding or telescoping of one segment of intestines to another
what is a band of scar-like tissue that forms between 2 surfaces inside the body?
what is a sign frequently associated with liver disease?
valvular insufficency usually effects what organ?
arteriosclerosis primarily affects the _____ system
aneurysms primarily involve the
valvular stenosis usually effects what organ
blockage of a coronary artery is likely to lead to
inflammation of the rectum is known as
another work for stone, as in gall stone?
what are the 4 types of aneurysms?
berry, sacular, fusiform & dissecting
what is a disease of the liver cause by chronic damage of the liver cells?
enteritis usually affects what organ?
jaundice is associated with an excess of _____ in blood
appendicitis is a disease of the ____ system
what makes up th GI tract?
stomach & intestines
the name for the digestive system from the mouth to the anus is known as
the walls of the GI tract have a 4 layered arrangement of tissue, what are the layers from deep to superficial?
mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa & serosa
what are the 4 main parts of the stomach?
pyloris, body, fundus & cardiae
what are the 3 regions of the small intestines?
jejunm, duodem & ileum
what are the 4 passages that divide the large intestines?
ascending, trasverse, descending & sigmoid