KIN 2509 midterm

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dfusel2
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140076
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KIN 2509 midterm
Updated:
2012-03-06 16:43:22
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basic prefixes suffixes
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MIDTERM Ch 3-9
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  1. angi/o
    vessel
  2. vascul/o
    vessel
  3. aort/o
    aorta
  4. arteriol/o
    arteriole
  5. arteri/o
    artery
  6. ather/o
    fatty plaque
  7. atri/o
    atrium
  8. cardi/o
    heart
  9. hemangi/o
    blood vessel
  10. phleb/o
    vein
  11. ven/o
    vein
  12. scler/o
    hardening, sclera
  13. sphygm/o
    pulse
  14. thromb/o
    blood clot
  15. ventricul/o
    ventricle (of heart or brain)
  16. brady-
    slow
  17. endo-
    in, within
  18. -um
    structure, thing
  19. extra-
    outside
  20. peri-
    around
  21. tachy-
    rapid
  22. trans-
    through, across
  23. -gram
    record, writing
  24. -graph
    instrument for recording
  25. -graphy
    process of recording
  26. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  27. nas/o
    nose
  28. rhin/o
    nose
  29. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  30. trache/o
    trachea
  31. alveol/o
    alveolus
  32. bronch/o
    bronchus
  33. bronchi/o
    bronchus
  34. lob/o
    lobe
  35. pector/o
    chest
  36. steth/o
    chest
  37. thorac/o
    chest
  38. pleur/o
    pleura
  39. pneum/o
    air, lung
  40. pneumon/o
    lung
  41. pulmon/o
    lung
  42. anthrac/o
    black, coal
  43. atel/o
    incomplete, imperfect
  44. coni/o
    dust
  45. hem/o
    blood
  46. orth/o
    straight
  47. ox/o
    oxygen
  48. phren/o
    diaphragm, mind
  49. spir/o
    breathe
  50. brady-
    slow
  51. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult
  52. eu-
    good, normal
  53. tachy-
    rapid
  54. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  55. -phonia
    voice
  56. or/o
    mouth
  57. stomat/o
    mouth
  58. gloss/o
    tongue
  59. lingu/o
    tongue
  60. bucc/o
    cheek
  61. cheil/o
    lip
  62. labi/o
    lip
  63. dent/o
    teeth
  64. odont/o
    teeth
  65. gingiv/o
    gum(s)
  66. sial/o
    saliva, salivary gland
  67. esophag/o
    esophagus
  68. pharyng/o
    pharynx (throat)
  69. gastr/o
    stomach
  70. pylor/o
    pylorus, pyloric sphincter
  71. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  72. jejun/o
    jejunum
  73. ile/o
    ileum
  74. append/o
    appendix
  75. appendic/o
    appendix
  76. col/o
    colon
  77. colon/o
    colon
  78. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  79. rect/o
    rectum
  80. proct/o
    anus, rectume
  81. hepat/o
    liver
  82. cholangi/o
    bile vessel
  83. chol/e
    bile, gall
  84. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  85. choledoch/o
    bile duct
  86. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  87. an-
    without, not
  88. dia-
    through, across
  89. dys-
    painful, bad, difficult
  90. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  91. peri-
    around
  92. post-
    after, behind
  93. sub-
    under, below
  94. glomerul/o
    glomerulus
  95. nephr/o
    kidney
  96. ren/o
    kidney
  97. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  98. cyst/o
    bladder
  99. vesic/o
    bladder
  100. meat/o
    opening, meatus
  101. trigon/o
    trigone (triangular region at base of the bladder)
  102. ureter/o
    ureter
  103. urethr/o
    urethra
  104. ur/o
    urinary tract, urine
  105. albumin/o
    albumin (protein)
  106. azot/o
    nitrogenous
  107. kal/i
    potassium (an electrolyte)
  108. ket/o
    ketone bodies (acids and acetones)
  109. keton/o
    ketone bodies (acids and acetones)
  110. ur/o
    urine, urinary tract
  111. urin/o
    urine, urinary tract
  112. an-
    without, not
  113. dia-
    through, across
  114. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult
  115. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  116. hypo-
    under, below
  117. poly-
    many, much
  118. supra-
    above, excessive
  119. andr/o
    male
  120. balan/o
    glans penis
  121. gonad/o
    gonads, sex glands
  122. orch/o
    testes
  123. orchi/o
    testes
  124. orchid/o
    testes
  125. test/o
    testes
  126. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  127. spermat/o
    sperm
  128. sperm/o
    sperm
  129. vas/o
    vessel, vas deferens, duct
  130. a-
    without, not
  131. an-
    without, not
  132. circum-
    around
  133. para-
    near, beside, beyond
  134. phim/o
    • muzzle
    • restrains & has a tightening effect
  135. adip/o
    fat
  136. lip/o
    fat
  137. cutane/o
    skin
  138. derm/o
    skin
  139. dermat/o
    skin
  140. hidr/o
    sweat
  141. sudor/o
    sweat
  142. histi/o
    tissue
  143. hist/o
    tissue
  144. ichthy/o
    • dry, scaly
    • fishlike
  145. kerat/o
    horny tissue, hard, cornea
  146. myc/o
    fungus
  147. onych/o
    nail
  148. ungu/o
    nail
  149. pil/o
    hair
  150. trich/o
    hair
  151. scler/o
    hardening, sclera
  152. seb/o
    sebum, sebaceous
  153. squam/o
    scale
  154. xer/o
    dry
  155. albin/o
    white
  156. leuk/o
    white
  157. cirrh/o
    yellow
  158. jaund/o
    yellow
  159. xanth/o
    yellow
  160. cyan/o
    blue
  161. erythem/o
    red
  162. erythemat/o
    red
  163. erythr/o
    red
  164. melan/o
    black
  165. an-
    without, not
  166. dia-
    through, across
  167. epi-
    above, upon
  168. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  169. hypo-
    under, below
  170. sub-
    under, below
  171. -derma
    skin
  172. -logist
    specialist in the study of
  173. -logy
    study of
  174. -oid
    resembling
  175. -pathy
    disease
  176. -plasty
    surgical repair
  177. -tome
    instrument to cut
  178. anterior (ventral)
    front of the body; toward the front
  179. deep
    away from the surface
  180. distal
    farther from the point of attachment to the trunk or a structure
  181. external
    outside, exterior to
  182. inferior (caudal)
    below; towards the tail
  183. internal
    within; interior to
  184. lateral
    pertaining to the side; toward the side
  185. medial
    pertaining to the middle; toward the midline
  186. posterior (dorsal)
    back of the body; near the back
  187. proximal
    near the point of attachment to the trunk or a structure
  188. parietal
    pertaining to the outer wall of a body cavity
  189. superficial
    toward or on the surface
  190. superior (cephalic, cranial)
    above; toward the head
  191. visceral
    pertaining to the covering of an organ
  192. midsagittal (median) plane
    a vertical plane that passes through the midline of the body & divides the body or organ into equal right and left sides
  193. sagittal plane
    a plane that is parallel to a midsagittal plane that divides the body or organ into unequal right & left sides
  194. frontal (coronal) plane
    a plane from side to side that separates the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
  195. transverse (horizontal) plane
    a plane that separates the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
  196. adip/o
    fat
  197. lip/o
    fat
  198. cyt/o
    cell
  199. chondr/o
    cartilage
  200. fibr/o
    fiber, fibrous tissue
  201. hist/o
    tissue
  202. my/o
    muscle
  203. sarc/o
    flesh (connective tissue)
  204. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  205. cervic/o
    neck, cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)
  206. coccyg/o
    coccyx (tailbone)
  207. crani/o
    cranium, skull
  208. ili/o
    ilium (lateral flaring portion of hip bone)
  209. inguin/o
    groin
  210. lumb/o
    loins (lower back)
  211. pelv/i
    pelvis
  212. sacr/o
    sacrum
  213. spin/o
    spine
  214. thorac/o
    chest
  215. umbilic/o
    umbilicus, navel
  216. viscer/o
    internal organs
  217. vertebr/o
    vertebrae (backbone)
  218. anter/o
    anterior, front
  219. caud/o
    tail
  220. cephal/o
    head
  221. dist/o
    far, farthest
  222. dors/o
    back (of the body)
  223. later/o
    side, to one side
  224. medi/o
    middle
  225. poster/o
    back (of the body), behind, posterior
  226. proxim/o
    near, nearest
  227. ventr/o
    belly, belly side
  228. ab-
    from, away from
  229. ad-
    toward
  230. epi-
    above, upon
  231. hypo-
    under, below
  232. infra-
    under, below
  233. inter-
    between
  234. -o/centesis
    surgical puncture
  235. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  236. -o/stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  237. -o/tomy
    incision
  238. -o/clasis
    to break
  239. -o/lysis
    separation, destruction, loosening
  240. -o/tripsy
    crushing
  241. -o/desis
    binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  242. -o/pexy
    suspension, fixation (of an organ)
  243. -o/plasty
    surgical repair
  244. -o/rrhaphy
    suture
  245. -o/gram
    record, writing
  246. -o/graph
    instrument for recording
  247. -o/graphy
    process of recording
  248. -o/meter
    instrument for measuring
  249. -o/metry
    act of measuring
  250. -o/scope
    instrument to view or examine
  251. -o/scopy
    visual examination
  252. Medical Word Building Rules
    • 1. A word root is used to link a suffix that begins with a vowel.
    • 2. A combining form (root+o) is used to link a suffix that begins with a consonant.
    • 3. A combining form (root+o) is used to link multiple roots even if a root begins with a vowel.
  253. -algia
    pain
  254. -o/dynia
    pain
  255. -o/cele
    hernia, swelling
  256. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  257. -edema
    swelling
  258. -emesis
    vomiting
  259. -emia
    blood condition
  260. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  261. -itis
    inflammation
  262. -o/lith
    stone, calculus
  263. -o/malacia
    softening
  264. -o/megaly
    enlargement
  265. -oma
    tumor
  266. -o/pathy
    disease
  267. -o/penia
    decrease, deficiency
  268. -o/plasia
    formation, growth
  269. -o/plasm
    formation, growth
  270. -o/rrhage
    bursting forth (of)
  271. -o/rrhagia
    bursting forth (of)
  272. -o/rrhea
    discharge, flow
  273. -o/rrhexis
    rupture
  274. -osis
    abnormal condition increase (used only with blood cells)
  275. -o/spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching
  276. -o/stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  277. -o/toxic
    poison
  278. -o/trophy
    development, nourishment
  279. adjective suffixes meaning "pertaining to, relating to"
    -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ical, -ile, -ory, -ose, -ous, -tic
  280. -iatry
    medicine, treatment
  281. -ia, -ism, -y
    condition
  282. -ician, -ist
    specialist
  283. a-
    without, not
  284. an-
    without, not
  285. brady-
    slow
  286. dia-
    through, across
  287. dipl-
    double
  288. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult
  289. endo-
    in, within
  290. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  291. hypo-
    under, below
  292. im-
    not
  293. in-
    in, not
  294. macro-
    large
  295. micro-
    small
  296. neo-
    new
  297. pseudo-
    false
  298. syn-
    union, together, joined
  299. tachy-
    rapid

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