Chapter 24 Terms

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Chapter 24 Terms
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2012-03-06 21:21:37
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AP American History
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  1. Bruce Barton
    changed the way advertising affected the consumer
  2. Aimee Semple McPherson
    • evangelist who blended old and
    • new, modernized the gospel, quite successful
  3. Henry Ford
    • used automobile industry to push
    • standardization and mass production
  4. American Plan
    • wanted to open “closed shops” or factories where
    • only union members could work, used yellow-dog contracts; also promoted welfare
    • capitalism, with health and safety insurance and entertainment
  5. Consumer Market
    • business became centered around
    • the consumer, helped by advertising and credit
  6. Margaret Sanger
    • advocated birth control, said
    • women should control their own bodies, more independence for women
  7. Sigmund Freud
    • developed idea of psychoanalysis, worked with
    • subconscious, believed in experimentation, which led to society replacing love
    • with sex
  8. Equal Rights Amendment
    • : the National Woman’s party wanted this amendment, to give women
    • completely equal rights; opposed by many people because of higher injury rates
    • among female labor and because benefits for women would decrease
  9. Jazz
    • :
    • new type of music started by Af-Americans, full of improve, let them release
    • frustrations and feelings through lyrics without whites being angry
  10. Ashcan School
    • an art school where students were
    • taught to depict urban life with realism; a type of muck-raker work, but tried
    • to find beauty in despair rather than to expose despair
  11. Sinclair Lewis
    • wrote The
    • Jungle to expose horrors of the meat industry
  12. Sherwood Administration
    wrote Winesburg, OH which depicted the negative side of small-town life
  13. F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • wrote The
    • Great Gatsby as an example of American arrogance (Gatsby thinks he can
    • become wealthy and get Daisy to love him, but he cannot change time to win her
    • back)
  14. John Dos Passos
    wrote the USA Trilogy which followed the first few decades of the 20th century, pessimistic about social, economic, and political trends
  15. Marcus Garvey
    • Af-American who promoted the Back to Africa
    • Movement, said that racism would never stop in the US so blacks should go to
    • Africa
  16. Harlem Renaissance
    • during the 20s, many blacks began to be
    • involved in painting, literature,
    • sculture, etc; Harlem was the cultural capital of the black world
  17. Sacco and Venzetti
    • accused of a robbery and murder,
    • executed in 1921 on the grounds that they were foreigners (Italian) and
    • anarchists, seen as a symbol of American bigotry and prejudice
  18. National Origins Act
    • series of acts begun in 1921, aim
    • was to keep immigration at a fixed rate; only the number of people from a
    • certain country that had immigrated the year the act was passed would be
    • allowed to enter the US
  19. Prohibition
    • 18th amendment, 1920,
    • forbid the sale of alcohol; little enforcement, increased consumption of hard
    • liquor, increased crime and violence, advanced women’s rights
  20. KKK
    • revival of the KKK appeared in
    • the 20s as a counterattack to the large amount of immigration and the
    • increasing rights of blacks due to progressivism
  21. Fundamentals
    • believed that every word of the Bible was
    • literally true; saw themselves as defenders of traditional religion
  22. Scopes Trial
    • 1925, John T. Scopes was arrested
    • for teaching evolution in TN, went to court, jury quickly found Scopes guilty,
    • upheld creationism; whole trial brought about debate of religion vs. science
  23. H. L. Menchken
    • 20s author who attacked all that
    • was sacred to American life, very cynical
  24. Warren G. Harding
    • president in early 1920s, died halfway through
    • his term, remembered as lackluster but was really a calming influence on the
    • turbulent nation
  25. Calvin Coolidge
    • president after Harding, liked
    • small gov’t and wealth, business-dominated politics
  26. Teapot Dome Scandal
    • occurred during Harding’s
    • presidency, Albert Fall, interior secretary, leased naval oil reserves to
    • private companies for profit; first cabinet member to be convicted of a felony
  27. Andrew Mellon
    • Trickle Down Theory—give tax
    • breaks to the wealthy, they will use extra money to create businesses,
    • businesses will create jobs, jobs with help poor and help the economy
  28. Associationalism
    • gov’t and business should work
    • together, much like TR’s big business/big gov’t
  29. Dawes Plan
    • supposed to get rid of WWI debt;
    • US loans $$ to Germany, Germany improves its society and pays back debts to US,
    • GB, and France, GB and France pay back debts to US, US uses $$ to loan to
    • Germany… roundabout cycle, would have eventually helped US, GB, and France, put
    • Germany more into debt because of interest
  30. Washington Naval Conference
    • major powers decided how big
    • their navies could be; US and GB got the biggest naval allowances
  31. Kellog-Briand Pact
    • all nations signed it, meant to
    • prevent war and solve conflicts peacefully
  32. Charles Linbergh
    • big American hero in the 20’s,
    • first man to fly across the Atlantic Ocean
  33. Frederick Lewis Allen
    • wrote a book called Only Yesterday that followed the rapid
    • modernization of society in the 20s

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