Socio Ch 3
Card Set Information
Socio Ch 3
notes of chapter 3
in born, automic, unvarying, and universal
, providing the organism is development naturally and the environment provides stimulus.
Characteristics of Insticts
all member of the species
Conditions of Instics
must be develp mentally
must provide an adequate stimulus (
: mouse nest (all together) - no sex / homosexuality btwn male
Stimulus -----------------------------------> Respond
(threats, potential mates, survive) ---> (thoughtful)
do what it takes to preserve the specie (offspring) [ choice]
" To be or not to be. Thats the question"
skill-based a choise.
highly structured n rule-governed
Products of social living that are
learned, shared, and transmitted
from generation to generation.
Are physical, tangible reminders of a ppl.
church, status, piramids, music
Material Culture Values
Social standars of evaluation
Resistant to change
Not equally shared by everyone
End points, aspirations, goods ambitions.
" Peace, order, and good goverment."
" Life, liberty, and the persuit of happiness."
Legitimate means to the end, socially accepted.
Legitimate = codes of conduct, admirable qualities = the ideal friend, worker, partner.
Greert Hofstedet (1928)
5 dimentional framework for assesing cultures.
General tendencies range
- centred group focused
sharing & competition
: we/us/ I/ me
: degree to which ppl accept the unequal distribution of power; egaliatirian hierarchical.
masculinity vrs feminine
Rules & regulations/ settings/ situations
Formal & informal
Vary in degree of importance/ enforcement
- tradicional/ customs
- vital morals & ethical sig (sex/religion)
- official rules
Non Material Culture
-Mental products (non empirical)
(myths, good and evil, after life)
, structure, meaning
* sense of
control over one's fate
, minimize feeling of helpness
* very powerful
over many of
(politics n social policy, health)
Non Material Culture Norms:
* rewards and punishments (abnormalities/extrange)
* means of social control, to maintain order, conformity
* appropiate to the deviation.
shared of system of
Mere representation of ideas, objects, events.
- Have shored meaning amoung users
- Important binding agents
- Very powerful
Functions of Culture
(technology help - transportation)
(norms, rules, values - bring us together)
(why re we here, meaning - religion)
Dysfunction of Culture
that they are
supperior than other cultures
- Cultural Contamination (globalization):
disrupt of traditions.
- Cultural lag (adjustment) :
depletion of resources, waste
Passing on of ignorance: