Socio Ch 3

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m_lievano
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140256
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Socio Ch 3
Updated:
2012-03-07 16:36:21
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sociology culture
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notes of chapter 3
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  1. Insticts
    Def: Complex behaviour that are in born, automic, unvarying, and universal, providing the organism is development naturally and the environment provides stimulus.
  2. Ej: Immigration
  3. Characteristics of Insticts
    • * In born - genetically heritage
    • * Automatic - imulsive, expontaneous
    • * Unvarying - enduring, flexible
    • * Universal - all member of the species.
  4. Conditions of Instics
    • 1. Organism must be develp mentally mature.
    • 2. Environment must provide an adequate stimulus (proper conditions)


    Ej: mouse nest (all together) - no sex / homosexuality btwn male
  5. Stimulus -----------------------------------> Respond
    (threats, potential mates, survive) ---> (thoughtful)
    • - Survival: do what it takes to preserve the specie (offspring) [ choice]
    • " To be or not to be. Thats the question"

    - Parenting: skill-based a choise.

    - Sex: highly structured n rule-governed
  6. Culture
    Products of social living that are learned, shared, and transmitted from generation to generation.
  7. Material Culture
    Are physical, tangible reminders of a ppl.
  8. Ej:
    • cloth - tradition
    • architecture - church, status, piramids, music
    • food
    • technology - yoyo, bumerang, insulin
  9. Material Culture Values
    • Social standars of evaluation
    • Enduring
    • Hierarchical
    • Resistant to change
    • Not equally shared by everyone
  10. Terminal Values
    End points, aspirations, goods ambitions.
  11. " Peace, order, and good goverment."
    • " Life, liberty, and the persuit of happiness."
    • "Success"
  12. Instrumental Values
    • Legitimate means to the end, socially accepted.
    • Legitimate = codes of conduct, admirable qualities = the ideal friend, worker, partner.
  13. Cultural Values
    Greert Hofstedet (1928)
  14. 5 dimentional framework for assesing cultures.
    • General tendencies range:
    • individualism - colectivism
    • personal - centred group focused
    • sharing & competition : we/us/ I/ me
  15. Geert Hofstedet
    Power distances : degree to which ppl accept the unequal distribution of power; egaliatirian hierarchical.
  16. Ej: masculinity vrs feminine
  17. Culture Norms
    • Rules & regulations/ settings/ situations
    • Formal & informal
    • Vary in degree of importance/ enforcement
    • *folkways - tradicional/ customs
    • *mores - vital morals & ethical sig (sex/religion)
    • *laws - official rules
  18. Non Material Culture
    • -Mental products (non empirical)
    • -Beliefs-faith based " truths"
    • (myths, good and evil, after life)
    • * provides order, structure, meaning
    • * give directions, rules
    • * sense of control over one's fate, minimize feeling of helpness
    • * very powerful influence over many of life concerns (politics n social policy, health)
  19. Non Material Culture Norms:
    • - Roles:
    • * achieve status (earn)
    • * ascribed status (assigned- royalty,gender)
  20. - Sanctions:
    • * rewards and punishments (abnormalities/extrange)
    • * means of social control, to maintain order, conformity
    • * appropiate to the deviation.
  21. Language
    • Relatively shared of system of symbols
    • (English language all but different vocabulary)


  22. Symbols
    Mere representation of ideas, objects, events.
  23. - Have shored meaning amoung users
    • - Important binding agents
    • - Very powerful
  24. Functions of Culture
    • Identity
    • Adapt :
    • * physical (technology help - transportation)
    • * social (norms, rules, values - bring us together)
    • * unknow (why re we here, meaning - religion)
  25. Dysfunction of Culture
    • - Ethnocentrism: culture that believe that they are supperior than other cultures. [Hittler]
    • - Cultural Contamination (globalization): disrupt of traditions.
    • - Cultural lag (adjustment) : industralization/ bio-enginiring.
    • - Consumerism: depletion of resources, waste
    • - Passing on of ignorance: [witch]

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