Global Bus chap 3

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amw6437
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140308
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Global Bus chap 3
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2012-03-07 15:19:59
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global business chapter 3
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  1. An understanding of how cultural differences across and within nations can affect the way business is practiced
    Cross-culture literacy
  2. System of values and norms that are shard among a group of people and that when taken together constitute a design for living
    Culture
  3. Abstract ideas about what a group believes to be good, right, and desirable
    Values
  4. Social rules and guidelines that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular sitiuations
    Norms
  5. A group of people who share a common set of valules and norms
    Society
  6. Routine conventions of everyday life
    Folkways
  7. Norms that are seen as central to the functioning of a society and to its social life
    Mores
  8. the basic social organization of a society
    Social structure
  9. An associaion of two or more individuals who have shared sense of identity and who interact with each other in structred ways n the basis of common set of expectations about each others behavior
    Group
  10. Hierarchical social catergories often based on family, background occupation and income
    Social strata
  11. Th extent to which indiviuals can move out of the strata into which they are born
    Social mobility
  12. Closed system of stratification in which social postion is detrmeined by family into which you are born, and change is usually not possible during lifetime
    Caste system
  13. System of social startification in which the postition a person has by birth can be changed through his achievments or luck
    Class system
  14. A tendency for people to percieve themselves in terms of their class background
    Class consciousness
  15. System of shared beliefes and rituals that are concerned with the realm of the sacred
    Religion
  16. A set of moral principles, or values, that are used to guide and shape behavior
    Ethical systems
  17. Most world wide practiced religion
    Christianity
  18. Second largest of the worlds religions
    Islam
  19. Beileve that a moral force in society requires the acceptance of certain responsibilites called dharma
    Hinduism
  20. Suffering originates in peoples desire for pleasure
    Buddism
  21. Although not a religion, this has an impact on behavior that is as profound as that of many religions
    Confucianism
  22. Two types of language
    Spoken and unspoken
  23. ______ is one defining characteristic of a culture
    Language
  24. Shapes the way people see the world
    Lannguage
  25. Nonverbal communication
    Unspoken language
  26. Thumbs up in US means "alright" but in ______it is obscene
    Greec
  27. Cultural norms are taught indirectly in
    School/education
  28. force that leads to differences in social culture
    Education, language, work place, religion, social structure,
  29. Theory of how society deals with fact that people are unequal in physical and intellectual capabilities
    Power distance
  30. Theory focusing on betwen individual and his or her fellows
    Individualism vs collectivism
  31. Extent to which differnt cultures socialize their members into accepting ambigiuos situations and tolerating uncertainty
    Uncertainty avoidance
  32. Theory of relationship between gender and work roles
    Masculinity vs femininity
  33. Most famous study of how culture relates to values in the workplace was undertaken by
    Geert Hofstede
  34. Theory that cofucian teacchings affect attitudes toward time, persistence, ordering status, protection of face, respect for tradition, and reciprocation of gifts and favors
    confucian dynamism
  35. Cultural change is not a _______, it ________ over time
    Constant, it evolves over time
  36. A belief in the superiority of ones own ethnic group
    Ethnocentrism
  37. _________and ____________ seem to be two important engines of cultural change
    Economic progress and globalization

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