Lecture 5 Women
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Women were thought to be able to best contribute society by fulfilling the roles of wife and mother.
Belief that women were intellectually incapacitated every month during menstruation
Based on evolutionary theory, the greater degree of variability for a particular trait, the better of a species will be. It was believed that men had a greater degree of variability than women on many traits including intelligence.
Calkin's dissertation established the "_" for studying memory and was highly regarded by James and Munstenberg.
Who said "psychology should be conceived as the science of self, or person, as related to its enviornment, physical and social"
Calkin's system of _ psychology was her major theoretical contribution to the new field
How did Calkins see her self psychology ?
as a means of resolving disputes in psychology, such as between structuralism and functionalism
Calkins argued that psychology could be the study of ?
mental life, but as such a central fact must be that all consciousness contains an element of the self.
-Her influence in psychology stems from her research on vision, where she developed an influential evolutionary theory of colour vision
-She was also very outspoken about the lack of professional opportunities for
-She was Tichener’s first Ph.D student and became the first women to earn a doctorate in psychology
- Published work in many areas of psychology, but she is best known for her work in comparative psychology published in The Animal Mind, which went through four editions
Margret Floy Washburn
Published a paper displaying evidence of differences in the "community of ideas" of men and women.
One of the best known early African American psychologists.
Taught at a number of Black colleges eventually settling at Howard, where he developed the leading psychology lab in the country at a black institution.
Became the only black president of the APA, studied under Francis Sumner
Kenneth B. Clark
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