Baroque - Music

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Robin
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140578
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Baroque - Music
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2012-05-02 17:04:04
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Baroque
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Baroque History - Music
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  1. Baroque Period
    Date & Events
    • 1600 - 1750
    • Strong Monarchy and Church
    • Michealangelo & Rembrandt - art is more fantasy
  2. Baroque
    Translation
    Portuguese Pearl - elaborate luxury
  3. Basso Continuo
    Continuous Bass - usually cello or harpsichord
  4. Dance Suite
    Allemande
    Duple Time
  5. Dance Suite
    Courante
    Triple Time
  6. Dance Suite
    Sarabande
    Triple Time
  7. Dance Suite
    Gigue
    Compound Time
  8. Figured Bass
    Independent line w/numbers for improvised chordal harmony
  9. Binary
    2 part form - AB - each section repeated
  10. Rounded Binary
    2 part form (the 2nd ends w/return to 1st)
  11. Ternary
    • 3 part form - ABA -
    • A: Statement / B: Contrast / C: Repitition
  12. Ground Bass
    repeated melody in the bass
  13. Libretto
    script of opera
  14. Terraced Dynamics
    music notes in stair steps
  15. Homophonic
    melody and accompanying harmony
  16. Polyphonic
    2 or more melodic lines
  17. The Affections
    • One Emotion conveyed by music
    • Joy, anger, love, fear
  18. Florentine Camerata
    • Aristocrats who resurrected musical and dramatic arts from Ancient Greece.
    • Ciccini, Peri & Galilei (Galileo's father) created 1st operas and Monody(1 person singing w/accompaniment
  19. Le Nuove Musiche
    collection of songs by Caccini - more dissonence and freedom
  20. Monody
    solo singer w/accompaniment
  21. Stile Rappresentatives
    Monteverdi introduced - rapid repeated notes
  22. Clavichord Keyboard
    after harpsichord - more expressive and unique devices
  23. Clavier
    generic for all keyboards
  24. Harpsichord
    Plucked strings
  25. Cantata no. 80 Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott
    Translation
    A Mighty Fortress is Our God
  26. Cantata no. 80
    Genre
    Cantata
  27. Cantata no. 80
    Structure
    • 8 movements in arch like structure
    • 1. Chorus: choral fugue
    • 2. Duet: Soprano & Bass Soloist
    • 3. Recitative & Arioso: Bass Solo
    • 4: Aria: Soprano Solo
    • 5. Chorus: Unison Chorale
    • 6. Recitative & Arioso: Tenor Solo
    • 7. Duet: Alto & Tenor Soloist
    • 8. Chorus: 4 part chorale
  28. Cantata no. 80
    Date
    1715 - revised in 1744
  29. Cantata no. 80
    Chorale Text Author for #1, 2, 5 & 8
    Martin Luther
  30. Cantata no. 80
    Librettist for #3, 4, 6, & 7
    Saloma Franck
  31. Cantata no. 80
    Performers
    • SATB soloists & chorus
    • Strings continuo and oboe
  32. Cantata no. 80 First Movement
    Genre
    Choral Fugue
  33. Cantata no. 80 First Movement
    Key
    D Major
  34. Cantata no. 80 First Movement
    Time Signature
    4/4 Time
  35. Cantata no. 80 First Movement
    Tempo
    Allegro
  36. Cantata no. 80 First Movement
    Description
    • Bach starts w/ well known melody(Chorale) familiar to the Lutheran congregation.
    • Each phrase is a fugal exposition (repeating subject)
    • Word painting - dissonance w/"dreadful plans"
  37. Canon
    Polyphonic composition where one musical line imitates another at a fixed distance throughout
  38. Ritonello
    Short recurring passage
  39. Cantata no. 80 Second Movement
    Genre
    Duet for Soprano & Bass
  40. Cantata no. 80 Second Movement
    Key
    D Major
  41. Cantata no. 80 Second Movement
    Time Signature
    4/4 Time
  42. Cantata no. 80 Second Movement
    Tempo
    Allegro
  43. Cantata no. 80 Second Movement
    Performers
    • Soprano and Bass
    • Oboe, Violins, violos, continuo
  44. Cantata no. 80 Second Movement
    Description
    • Bass begins w/florid counter melody with long melismas(1 syllable w/many notes).
    • Oboe plays w/soprano
    • Unison strings play w/agitated 16th notes figure throughout
  45. Cantata no. 80 Fifth Movement
    Genre
    Unison Chorus
  46. Cantata no. 80 Fifth Movement
    Key
    D Major
  47. Cantata no. 80 Fifth Movement
    Time Signature
    6/8 Time
  48. Cantata no. 80 Fifth Movement
    Tempo
    Allegro
  49. Cantata no. 80 Fifth Movement
    Performers
    • Strings and Oboes play melodic figure
    • Trumpets add grand effect
  50. Cantata no. 80 Eighth Movement
    Genre
    Chorale
  51. Cantata no. 80 Eighth Movement
    Key
    D Major
  52. Cantata no. 80 Eighth Movement
    Time Signature
    4/4 Time
  53. Cantata no. 80 Eighth Movement
    Tempo
    Moderato
  54. Cantata no. 80 Eighth Movement
    Performers
    All singing harmony - united voices and instruments
  55. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Genre
    Concerto Grosso
  56. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Date
    1721 by Bach to the Margrave of Brandenburg
  57. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Structure
    1 in set of 6
  58. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Performers
    • string orchestra and continuo
    • violin, oboe, recorder and trumpet
  59. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Key
    F Major
  60. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F major
    Tempo
    Allegro
  61. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Time Signature
    2/4 Time
  62. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Structure
    Ritonello Form
  63. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major
    Description
    • played Tutti/dominated entire work
    • motive 1 & 3 - built around outline of tonic triad
    • motive 2 & 4 - scale type movement
    • Bright and cheerful
    • Fortspinnung - spinning forward
  64. Concertino
    small group in concerto grosso
  65. Ripieno
    Full orchestra
  66. Ritonello Form
    Opening passage repeated throughout
  67. Water Music Suite in D Major
    Composer
    George Frederic Handel
  68. Water Music Suite in D Major
    Genre
    Orchestral Suite
  69. Water Music Suite in D Major
    Date
    1717
  70. Water Music Suite in D Major
    Structure
    22 movements in 3 Suites
  71. Water Music Suite in D Major
    Performers
    • Baroque orchestra
    • Strings, trumpets, horns, oboes
  72. Water Music Suite in D Major - Allegro
    Key
    D major
  73. Water Music Suite in D Major - Allegro
    Time Signature
    4/4 Time
  74. Water Music Suite in D Major - Allegro
    Structure
    ABA (loose)
  75. Water Music Suite in D Major - Allegro
    Description
    • Regal Trumpets start w/violins
    • Horns w/Timpani answer
    • Regal Stmosphere w/use of Brass instruments
  76. Water Music Suite in D Major - Hornpipe
    Key
    D Major
  77. Water Music Suite in D Major - Hornpipe
    Time Signature
    3/2 Time
  78. Water Music Suite in D Major - Hornpipe
    Structure
    ABA (ternary)
  79. Water Music Suite in D Major - Hornpipe
    Description
    • Dance w/syncopation and trills
    • Energetic & Majestic triple metre country dance
    • Instruments anser each other B Minor (relative minor)
  80. Sonata in D Major k 430
    Composer
    Dominico Scarlatti
  81. Sonata in D Major k430
    Esercizi per graviembalo
    Translation
    Exercises for Harpsichord (500 pieces)
  82. Sonata in D Major k430
    Genre
    Harpsichord Sonata
  83. Sonata in D Major k430
    Date
    Early 18th century
  84. Sonata in D Major k430
    Key
    D Major
  85. Sonata in D Major k430
    Time Signature
    3/8 Time
  86. Sonata in D Major k 430
    Tempo
    Courtly dance tempo - not too quick
  87. Sonata in D Major k430
    Texture
    Homophonic
  88. Sonata in D Major k430
    Structure
    Rounded Binary
  89. Sonata in D Major k430
    Section A
    Description
    • Opening melody repeated - created symetrical phrase
    • Harmonic texture based on Tonic(D), Subdominant(G) and Dominant(A)
    • Running passages, repeated notes
    • Modulated to Dominant(A)
  90. Sonata in D Major k430
    Section B
    Description
    • Surpising dissonces
    • Briefly to D Minor
    • Fast Jumps and Quick Trills
  91. Sonata in D major K430 Scarlatti opening melody
  92. Cantata no. 80 Oboe Main Theme
  93. Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 - Ritonello Theme
    • Water Music Suite in D Major
    • Allegro
    • Hornpipe
  94. Le Nuove Musiche
    • The New Music
    • by Caccini
  95. The Coronation of Poppea
    Composer
    Claudio Monteverdi
  96. Coronation of Poppea
    Date
    1642
  97. Coronation of Poppea
    Genre
    Opera
  98. Coronation of Poppea
    Librettist
    Giovanni Busenello
  99. Coronation of Poppea
    Story
    Prologue introduces us to Fortuna(Fortune), Virtu(Virtue) and Amore(Love). They argue and Love proclaims itself the winner. Roman Emperor Nero plans to kill his wife Ottavia so he can marry his mistress Poppea and crown her. Psychological drama
  100. Coronation of Poppea
    Characters
    • Nero - Castrato - Emperor of Rome
    • Poppea - Soprano - Nero's mistress
    • Ottavia - Mezzo Soprano - Nero's wife
    • Seneca - Bass - Nero's adviser
    • Chorus of Consuls & Tribunes - tenors and basses
  101. Coronation of Poppea
    Coronation Scene Act 3 Scene 7
    Description
    • 2 part writing - imitative style
    • Recitative like passages
    • Vocal tremolo on imperial
  102. Coronation of Poppea
    Synfonia
    Description
    Jubilent interlude by orchestra - changing scenes
  103. Coronation of Poppea
    Pur ti miro (I Adore You)
    Description
    • Sung by Nero and Poppea
    • Tender mood
    • ABBA form
  104. Coronation of Poppea
    Pur ti miro (I Adore You)
    Section A
    Description
    • Ground Bass - 4 note descending line
    • Imitation between 2 voices exchanging endearments(I adore you-I embrace you-I desire you)
    • Word painting - dissonance on Moro(I die) Peno(I suffer)
  105. Coronation of Poppea
    Pur ti miro (I Adore You)
    Section B
    Description
    • Free Bass
    • more harmonic variety
    • Quick short motives exchanged imitatively
  106. Stile Concitato
    • Agitated Style - tremolo and pizzicato
    • Monteverdi
  107. Aria
    Lyrical song for solo voice w/orchestral accompainment
  108. Recitativo Secco
    • Speech like style of singing
    • Only Continuo accompainment
  109. Dido and Aeneas
    Composer
    Henry Purcell
  110. Dido and Aeneas
    Genre
    Opera
  111. Dido and Aeneas
    Date
    1689
  112. Dido and Aeneas
    Librettist
    Nahum Tate
  113. Dido and Aeneas
    Source of Plot
    • Brutus of Alba (by Nahum Tate)
    • Aeneid (epic poem by ancient Roman poet Virgil)
  114. Dido and Aeneas
    Story
    • Aeneas(Trojan Prince) is shipwrecked on shore of Carthage
    • Dido is Queen - they fall in love
    • Aeneas is destined to be the founder of Rome - he leaves
    • Dido kills herself in final scene as his ship departs
  115. Dido and Aeneas
    Act 3 Final Scene - Dido's Lament
    Thy Hand Belinda
    Form
    Recitative Secco
  116. Dido and Aeneas
    Act 3 Final Scene - Didos Lament
    Key
    C Minor
  117. Dido and Aeneas
    Act 3 Final Scene - Dido's Lament
    Description
    • Word painting
    • descending vocal line - death and grief
    • Melisma - darkness
    • Chromaticism on Death
  118. Dido and Aeneas
    Act 3 Final Scene
    When I am Laid in Earth
    Form
    Aria
  119. Dido and Aeneas
    Act 3 Final Scene
    When I am Laid in Earth
    Key
    G Minor
  120. Dido and Aeneas
    Act 3 Final Scene
    When I am Laid in Earch
    Time Signature
    3/2 Time
  121. Dido and Aeneas
    Act 3 Final Scene
    When I am Laid in Earth
    Description
    • Ground bass - 5 measure pattern/repeated 11 times
    • Word painting - melisma on "laid in earth"
    • "remember me" on repeated note motive
  122. Dido and Aeneas
    Final Chorus
    Title
    With Drooping Wings
  123. Dido and Aeneas
    Final Chorus
    Description
    • 4 part chorus softens the death scene
    • word painting -descending lines w/Drooping wings
    • 2 note melodic sigh on "soft"
    • Didos Lament
    • Thy Hand Belinda
    • Recitative
    • Dido - When I Am Laid in Earth
    • Aria
    • Coronation of Poppea
    • Coronation Scene
    • Consuls and Tribunes
    • Coronation of Poppea
    • Sinfonia - Interlude
    • Coronation of Poppea
    • Pur ti miro - I Adore You

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