SET 3.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
Victordv
ID:
140588
Filename:
SET 3.txt
Updated:
2012-03-08 20:08:46
Tags:
Medical Prefix Suffix SET MULTI SPASM
Folders:

Description:
Medical Prefix and Suffix SET 3of4(MULTI- to -SPASM)
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Victordv on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. MULTI-
    • many, multiple, excessive
    • multiple sclera/osis (MS)
    • many: hardening/condition of
    • (hardening of nerves and myelin sheath around nerves causing paralysis)
    • related term(s): PLURI-, POLY-
  2. MUMPS
    • swelling
    • mumps
    • swelling
    • (viral infection of parotid saliva gland near
    • ear: progresses to gonad/itis, pancreat/itis,
    • nephr/itis, myocard/itis, and arthr/itis. Also
    • known as par/ot/itis 'near/ear/inflamed')
  3. MY/O-
    • muscle
    • my/oma
    • muscle or muscular/tumor
    • alternate spelling: MY-, MYOS-
  4. MYC/O-
    • fungus
    • myc/oid
    • fungus/resembles
  5. MYDRI/O-
    • to widen
    • mydri/opt/ic
    • to widen/vision/refers to
    • (pupil of eye dilates)
  6. MYEL/O-
    • spinal cord or bone marrow
    • myelo/gram
    • spinal cord/recording
    • myel/itis
    • bone marrow/inflamed
  7. MYRING/O-
    • eardrum
    • myring/itis
    • eardrum/inflamed (infected)
  8. MYX/O-
    • mucus
    • myx/oma
    • mucus/tumor or swelling
    • myx/oid
    • mucus/resembles
  9. NANO-
    • 1 billionth
    • nano/meter
    • 1 billionth part
    • nano/meter - 1 billionth/ of meter
    • (39.37 inches is a meter)
  10. NARC/O-
    • sleep
    • narco/lepsy
    • sleep/seizure
    • (hypno- also means sleep)
  11. NARES
    • nose opening
    • nares
    • nose opening
  12. NAS/O-
    • nose
    • nas/al
    • nose/refers to
  13. NAT-
    • birth
    • nat/al
    • birth/refers to
    • related term(s): NAT/O-, PARTO-, TOCI/O-
  14. NATRI-
    • sodium or salt
    • hyper/natr/emia
    • increase/sodium or salt/in blood
  15. NAVICUL/O-
    • boat or boat shaped
    • navicul/ar
    • boat shaped/refer to
    • (ankle and wrist scaphoid bones)
  16. NECR/O-
    • death, dead, dying
    • necrot/ic
    • death, dead, dying/refers to
    • (mortification or the death process of any body cells)
    • necr/osis
    • death, dead, dying/condition of
    • related term(s): THANAT/O
  17. NEO-
    • new
    • neo/plasm
    • new/growth
  18. NEPHR/O-
    • kidney
    • nephr/itis
    • kidney/inflamed
  19. NEUR/O-
    • nerve
    • neur/algia
    • nerve/pain
  20. NEUTR/O-
    • neither or neutral
    • neutro/phil(e)
    • neither or neutral/love for
    • (WBC that stains with a neutral PH of 7)
  21. NEV/O-
    • birthmark
    • nev/us
    • birthmark/refers to
    • (moles, stains and other skin discolorations)
  22. NIGRA-
    • black
    • nigra bodies
    • black: structures in and around cell nucleus
    • alternate spelling: NIGRI-, NIGRO-
    • related term(s): MELAN/O-
  23. NIN/O-
    • nine
    • nin/us
    • nine/pertains to
    • related term(s): NOV-
  24. NOCT/I-
    • night or blind
    • noct/uria
    • night/urination (excessive)
    • related term(s): NYCTO-
  25. -NOIA
    • mind
    • para/noia
    • beyond/mind
    • (psychotic mental condition: loss of reality)
  26. NUCLE/O-
    • nut
    • nucle/us
    • nut (shaped)/refers to
  27. NULL/I-
    • none or no
    • nulli/para
    • none or no (null or voided)/births
  28. NUTRI/O-
    • to nourish
    • nutri/tion
    • to nourish/process of
  29. -O/PEXY
    • to fixate, attach, sew
    • nephr/opex/y
    • kidney/fixate, attach, sew (suture)/procedure of
  30. -O/PLASTY
    • repair or plastic surgery
    • rhino/plast/y
    • nose/repair or plastic surgery/procedure of
  31. -O/RRHAGIA
    • bursting forth or heavy flow
    • meno/rrhagia
    • monthly (female cycle)/bursting forth (heavy flow)
  32. -O/RRHEA
    • discharge or flow
    • men/o/rrhea
    • monthly/discharge or flow (slow)
    • gon/o/rrhea
    • gonad/flow
  33. -O/RRHEXIS
    • rupture or protrusion
    • enter/o/rrhexis
    • intestine (small)/rupture or protrusion
    • related term(s): -O/RRHEXIA
  34. OBLIQUE
    • side-long or slanted
    • oblique
    • side-long or slanted (at a 45 '+/-' degree angle)
  35. OBSTETR/I-
    • midwife
    • obstetr/ics
    • midwife (childbirth)/pertains to
  36. OCCIPIT/O-
    • back of head
    • occipit/otomy
    • back of head/opening (surgical procedure)
    • occipit/al
    • back of head/pertains to
  37. OCCLUSI/O-
    • closure or blockage
    • occlus/ion
    • closure or blockage/process of
  38. OCCULT/O-
    • hidden
    • occult/a (spina bi/fida)
    • hidden (thorn: two/clefts)/refers to
  39. OCT/O-
    • eight
    • oct/agon
    • eight/walls
    • alternate spelling: OCTA-
    • related term(s): OCTI-
  40. OCUL/O-
    • eye
    • oculo/motor
    • eye/movement
  41. ODONT/O-
    • tooth
    • odont/oid
    • tooth/resembling
  42. -OID
    • resembling
    • lip/oid
    • fat/resembling
    • epi/derm/oid
    • upper/skin/resembling
  43. OLEO-
    • oil
    • oleo/vitamin
    • oil (fish oil)/life giving (fat soluble vitamins)
  44. -OLEUM
    • oil
    • oleo/infusion
    • oil/injection
    • (formulation of a drug in oil)
    • petr/oleum
    • stone/oil
  45. OLFACT/O-
    • smelling or smell
    • olfact/ory
    • smelling or smell/process of
    • related term(s): OSMO-
  46. OLIG/O-
    • few, scanty, slight, little
    • oligo/meno/rrhea
    • few, scanty, slight, little/monthly/flow
  47. -OLOG/Y
    • science or study of, process of
    • hist/olog/y
    • web-like or tissue/science of or study of/process of
    • related term(s): -LOG-
  48. -OMA
    • tumor or swelling
    • carcin/oma
    • crab or crab-like/tumor or swelling
  49. OMO-
    • shoulder
    • omo/burs/itis
    • shoulder (near arm)/sack/inflamed
    • related term(s): OMI-
  50. OMPHAL/O-
    • navel or umbilicus
    • omphal/ectomy
    • navel or umbilicus/removal (excision)
  51. ONC/O-
    • tumor
    • onco/log/y
    • tumor/science or study of/process of
    • onco/log/ist
    • tumor/science of or study of/specialist
    • (Note - all tumors are not cancer. ex: 'benign growths')
  52. ONYCH/O-
    • nail
    • onycho/fidia
    • nail/split
    • related term(s): UNGUIN/O-
  53. OOPHOR/O-
    • ovary
    • oophor/itisce
    • ovary (seed producer)/inflamed
  54. OPHTHALM/O-
    • eye or eyeball
    • ophthalm/olog/ist
    • eye/science or study of/specialist
    • ophthalm/ic
    • eye or eyeball/refer to
  55. OPISTH/O-
    • backwards (bending)
    • opistho/tonus
    • backward (bending)/tone
    • (muscle contractions tilting head & spine
    • backward; seen with tetanus and Central Nervous
    • System injuries)
  56. OPTO-
    • vision, sight, eye
    • opto/metr/ist
    • vision or sight/measurement/specialist
    • related term(s): -OPT-, OPIA-, -OPSY
  57. ORA-
    • mouth
    • or/al
    • mouth/pertains to
  58. ORB-
    • circle or dish
    • orbit/al
    • circle or dish (eye socket)/pertains to
    • (orbit is actually a circular track)
    • related term(s): ORBIT/O-
  59. ORCHI/O-
    • teste or seed producer
    • orchi/oma
    • teste or seed producer/tumor or swelling
    • orch/itis
    • testicle/inflamed
    • related term(s): GON/O-, ORCHID/O-
  60. -OREXIA
    • appetite
    • an/orexia
    • without/appetite (not hungry)
  61. -ORRHAPHY
    • suturing or repair
    • neur/orrhaph/y
    • nerve/suturing or repair/procedure of
  62. ORTH/O-
    • straight, normal, correct
    • ortho/dont/ic
    • straight, normal, correct/teeth/refers to
  63. OS-
    • mouth
    • trache/os/tom/y
    • windpipe/mouth/cut/process
  64. OSCILL/O-
    • to swing
    • oscillo/graph
    • to swing/instrument (that measure electric activity of heart and muscles)
  65. -OSE
    • sugar
    • malt/ose
    • malt/sugar
  66. -OSIS
    • condition of or disease
    • scoli/osis
    • crooked (lateral curve)/condition of or disease
    • related term(s): -ASIS, -ESIS, -SIS
  67. OSMO-
    • smell
    • an/osm/ia
    • without/smell/refers to
    • related term(s): OLFACT/O-
  68. OSTE/O-
    • bone
    • osteo/path
    • bone/disease
    • (most diseases caused by bone misalignment)
    • osteo/por/osis
    • bone/cavities (pores)/condition of
  69. -OSTOMY
    • mouth like opening produced by surgery
    • col/ostomy
    • colon/opening (mouth like formation) procedure
  70. OT/O-
    • ear
    • ot/itis
    • ear/inflamed
  71. -OTOMY
    • cutting, to cut, cut into
    • tracheo/tom/y
    • rough (windpipe)/cut into/procedure of
    • ana/tom/y
    • apart/cutting/procedure of or process of
  72. -OTRIPSY
    • crushing or to crush
    • neur/otrips/y
    • nerve/crushing or to crush/procedure of (surgical)
    • litho/tripsy
    • stone/crushing/procedure of (kidney or gall stones 'calculi')
  73. OV/O-
    • egg
    • ov/ary
    • egg/refer to
    • ovul/ate
    • egg/state of or process of (producing)
    • alternate spelling: O/O-, OVA-, OVI-
    • related term(s): OV/U-
  74. OX/Y-
    • sharp or oxygen molecules
    • oxy/op/ia
    • sharp/vision/refers to
    • oxy/gen
    • sharp (mentally)/producing, developing, forming
    • oxy/gen/ation
    • oxygen (molecules)/development/process of
    • alternate spelling: OX/O-
  75. PACHY-
    • thick
    • pachy/derm/ia
    • thick/skin/refers to
    • related term(s): PACHY/DERM (elephant-like)
  76. PALAT/O-
    • palate, plate or plate of the mouth roof
    • palato/plasty
    • palate (roof of mouth)/repair
    • palat/oplasty
    • roof of mouth or palate/surgical repair
    • palat/ine
    • plate of mouth roof (skull bones)/state of
  77. PALL/O-
    • pale or lack of color
    • pall/or
    • pale or lack of color/one who
    • (characteristic of illness)
  78. PALM/A-
    • palm or palm of hand
    • palm/ar
    • palm or palm of hand/refer to
    • (front of the hand 'palms forward' as seen in the human anatomical position)
  79. PALPAT/O-
    • touching or to touch
    • palpat/ion
    • touching or to touch/process of
    • (physical diagnosis procedure)
  80. PALPEBRA-
    • eyelid
    • palpebr/itis
    • eyelid/inflamed
    • related term(s): BLEPHARO-
  81. PALPIT-
    • quivering or fluttering
    • palpit/ation
    • quivering or fluttering (heart)/process of
  82. PALSY
    • slight or moderate paralysis
    • Cerebral Palsy (C.P.)
    • brain: paralysis
    • (injury to brain that causes temporary or permanent loss of
    • sensation, movement, control)
  83. PAN-
    • all, total, complete
    • pan/dem/ic
    • all, total, complete/people/pertain to
    • (spread of disease)
    • pan/creat/itis
    • all/flesh/inflamed
  84. PAPILLA-
    • nipple
    • papill/ary
    • nipple/state of or refer to
  85. PARA-
    • near, beside, beyond, around, similar, abnormal
    • para/thyr/oid
    • near/shield shaped/resembling
    • related term(s): PAR-
  86. -PARESIS
    • paralysis
    • hemi/pare/sis
    • half/paralysis (slight)/condition of
    • (this occurs in tertiary syphilis of C.N.S.)
    • related term(s): -PLEG/IA
  87. PARIET/O-
    • wall or partition
    • pariet/al
    • wall or partition/refer to (skull bone)
    • partition/refer to (pertains to walls of a cavity)
    • alternate spelling: PARIET-
    • related term(s): PHRAG-, SEPTA-
  88. PART/O-
    • birth or labor
    • post/part/um
    • after/birth or labor/refers to
    • related term(s): NAT-, NATO, TOCI/O-
  89. PATELL/O-
    • little dish or knee cap
    • patell/ar
    • little dish (knee cap)/refer to
  90. PATH/O-
    • disease
    • path/o/log/y
    • disease/science of or study of/process of
  91. PAUS/O-
    • stoppage
    • meno/paus/al
    • monthly/stoppage/refers to
    • (female 30 day '+/-' cycle)
  92. PECT/O-
    • chest
    • pector/al
    • chest (anterior breast area)/refer to
    • related term(s): PECTERO-
  93. PED-
    • foot or feet
    • ped/al
    • foot or feet/refer to
    • alternate spelling: PEDO-, PEDI-, related term(s): PES, POD-, PODO-
  94. PEDI-
    • child
    • ped/iatrics
    • child/treat
    • ped/ia/tric/ian
    • child/treats or cures/one who
    • related term(s): PEDIA-
  95. PEDICUL/O-
    • lice
    • pediculo/sis
    • lice (head, body or pubic)/condition of
  96. PELI-
    • purple
    • peli/osis
    • purple/condition of
    • (purple spots seen in and on immuno/compromised patients)
  97. PELL-
    • skin
    • pell/agra
    • skin/rough or painful
    • related term(s): CORI/O-, CUT-, CUTI/O-, DERMAT/O-, DERMO-
  98. PELVI/O-
    • base, basin, pelvis
    • pelv/ic
    • base, basin, pelvis/refers to
    • (bounded by hip bones and sacrum)
    • alternate spelling: PELV/O-
  99. PEN/O-
    • tail, organ of copulation, penis
    • pen/itis
    • penis/inflamed
  100. -PENIA
    • decrease in number
    • leuko/cyto/penia
    • white (WBC's)/cells/decrease in number
  101. PENT/A-
    • five
    • pent/agon
    • five/walls
    • penta/dactyl five (normal)/fingers and toes on each limb
  102. PEPS/O-
    • digestion
    • dys/peps/ia
    • difficult or painful/digestion/refers to
    • alternate spelling: PEP-, PEPSI-, PEPT/O-
  103. PER-
    • through
    • per/cutane/ous
    • through/skin/state of
    • per/meate
    • through/opening
  104. PERI-
    • around
    • peri/cardi/um
    • around/heart/refers to
    • peri/stal/sis
    • around/to clasp and compress/condition
  105. PERINE/O-
    • base or floor
    • perin/eal
    • base or floor/refers to
    • (area between anus and external genital organs 'scrotum and vulva')
  106. PERITON/E-
    • that which holds the lower viscera
    • peritone/um
    • that which holds the lower organs/refers to
    • (two layered serous membrane in abdomino/pelvic cavity that hold organs)
    • periton/itis
    • membrane holding lower viscera or organs and structures/inflammation
  107. PERONEO-
    • pin or concerning the lower outside leg bone
    • perone/al
    • pin or concerning the lower outside leg bone/refers to
    • perone/us
    • pin/refers to
    • (one of several muscles of leg that moves the foot)
  108. PES
    • foot
    • tali/pes
    • ankle/foot
    • (club foot - ankle and foot turn inward)
    • related term(s): PED-, POD-, PODO-
  109. PETECH/I-
    • small
    • petech/ial
    • small/refers to
    • (usually refers to small hemorrhages or spots on skin or brain)
  110. PETIT
    • little illness
    • petit mal
    • little illness/bad
    • (less severe than grand mal epileptic seizures)
  111. PETRO-
    • rock, stone, hard
    • petro/derma
    • rock, stone, hard/skin
    • osteo/petr/osis
    • bone/stone-like/condition
    • related term(s): LAP/I-, LITHO-
  112. PHAGO-
    • eat, eating, perverse appetite
    • phago/cyto/sis
    • eat, eating, perverse appetite/cells (WBC's)/refers to
    • alternate spelling: -PHAGY
  113. PHALANG/O-
    • close knit row (fingers and toes)
    • a/phalang/ia
    • without/close knit row (fingers and toes)/refers to
    • related term(s): PHALANX-
  114. PHARMAC/O-
    • drug relationship, to drug, medicine
    • pharmac/o/log/ist
    • drug or medicine/study of/specialist
  115. PHARYNG/O-
    • throat
    • pharyng/itis
    • pharynx or throat/inflamed (sore throat)
  116. PHAS/O-
    • speech or speaking
    • dys/phas/ia
    • difficult or faulty/speech or speaking/refers to
    • related term(s): PHAS-
  117. -PHASE
    • stage
    • meta/phase
    • change/stage or an appearance
    • (stage of mit/o/sis-chromosomes visible changing)
  118. -PHERESIS
    • withdrawal or to separate
    • hemato/pheresis
    • blood/to separate
    • (separating different types of blood cells: leuco/cytes, erythro/cytes, and thrombo/cytes)
  119. -PHILE
    • love of, to love, love for
    • eosino/phil/ia
    • rose red (WBC staining)/love of/refers to
    • alternate spelling: -PHILIA
    • related term(s): -PHIL
  120. PHIM/O-
    • to muzzle or muzzling
    • phim/osis
    • to muzzle or muzzling/condition of
  121. PHLEB/O-
    • vein
    • phleb/itis
    • vein/inflamed
  122. phleb/o/tom/ist
    • vein/cut/specialist (draws blood)
    • related term(s): VENO-
  123. PHOB/O-
    • fear
    • hydro/phob/ia
    • water/fear (rabies)/refers to
  124. PHOC/O-
    • seal
    • phoco/mel/ia
    • seal/limbs/refers to
    • (flipper babies caused by thalidomide and other drugs)
  125. PHON/O-
    • voice or sound
    • dys/phon/ia
    • faulty or difficult/voice or sound/refers to
  126. PHOR/O-
    • feeling (mental)
    • eu/phor/ia
    • good/feeling (mental)/refers to
    • (esthesia means a physical feeling)
  127. -PHORESIS
    • migration, transport, move or carry
    • a/phoresis
    • no or lack of/migration, transportation, movement
    • hemo/phoresis
    • blood/carrying, migration, transmitting
    • chema/phoresis
    • chemical/not moving
    • epi/phoresis
    • above/to carry or bear
    • (the term -PHORESIS is a suffix, the term PHORES/I- is a prefix)
  128. PHOT/O-
    • light
    • photo/graphy
    • light/process of recording with device
    • photo/phobia
    • light/fear of
  129. PHRAG/O-
    • wall or partition
    • dia/phragm
    • across or through/wall or partition
    • related term(s): PARIET/O-, SEPTA-
  130. PHRASO-
    • speech or talk
    • a/phras/ia
    • without/speech, talk, unable to understand phrases/refers to
  131. -PHRAXIA
    • stoppage or obstruction
    • hemo/phrax/ia
    • blood/stoppage or obstruction/refers to
  132. PHREN/O-
    • mind or diaphragm
    • phren/ia
    • mind (mental disorder)/pertains to
    • phren/ic (nerve)
    • diaphragm/pertains to
  133. -PHYLAXIS
    • protection or guard
    • pro/phylaxis
    • before/protection or guard
    • ana/phylaxis
    • away from/prevention
  134. PHYSI/O-
    • function of or nature of
    • physi/o/log/y
    • function or nature of/science of/process of
  135. -PHYSIS
    • growth or nature of
    • sym/physis
    • together/growth or nature of
    • alternate spelling: -PHYSIC
  136. PHYTO-
    • plant
    • phyto/toxin
    • plant/poison
    • (plant poisons effecting human)
    • related term(s): -LICHEN
  137. PIA-
    • gentle
    • pia mater
    • soft or gentle: mother
    • (innermost meninges 'membrane' layer covering the spinal cord)
  138. PIL/O-
    • hair
    • pil/oma
    • hair/swelling or tumor-like
    • (condition in hair follicle)
    • related term(s): -THRIX, TRICH/O-
  139. PINN/A-
    • feather or feather like
    • pinna/form
    • feather like/shape
    • (the outer ear projection is called the pinna)
  140. PITUIT/O-
    • phlegm or glue like mucus
    • pituit/ary
    • phlegm or glue like mucus/refer to
    • (mucoid fluid discharges when gland is pinched during dia/section)
  141. PITYR/I-
    • bran (cereal like scales on skin)
    • pityri/asis
    • bran (cereal like scales on skin)/refers to
  142. PLACENT/A-
    • cake
    • placent/itis
    • cake/inflamed
    • (afterbirth or structure attached to uterine wall during pregnancy that provides nutrition to the fetus)
  143. -PLAKIA
    • plate or plate-like
    • leuko/plakia
    • white/plate
    • (pre-cancerous lesions on a membrane or the skin)
  144. PLAN/O-
    • flat or a plain
    • plan/us
    • pes plan/us
    • foot: flat or a plain (flat footed)
  145. PLANT/O-
    • sole of foot
    • plant/ar
    • sole of the foot/refer to
    • (plantar warts 'verruca' are found on the bottom of foot)
  146. PLAS-
    • growth, development, formation
    • hyper/plas/ia
    • excessive/growth, development, formation/pertains to
    • alternate spelling: PLAS/O-, PLAST
    • related term(s): -PLASM
  147. -PLEG/IA
    • paralysis
    • quadri/plegia
    • four (limbs)/paralysis
    • (often caused by a stroke 'Apoplexy or CVA')
  148. para/plegia
    • beyond (lower two limbs)/paralyzed
    • related term(s): -PARESIS, -PLEXY
  149. PLEUR/O-
    • side or rib
    • pleur/itis
    • side or rib/inflamed
    • (this is an inflammation of the membrane that covers the lung just inside the ribcage)
    • related term(s): COST/O-
  150. -PLEXY
    • paralysis
    • neuro/plexy
    • nerve/paralysis
    • related term(s): -PARESIS, -PLEGIA
  151. -PNEA
    • breathe or breathing
    • a/pnea
    • without or lack of/breathe or breathing
    • related term(s): PNEUM/O-, PNEUMON/O-, PNEUMAT/O-, SPIRO-
  152. PNEUM/O-
    • lung, air, respiration
    • pneumo/thorax
    • air (within)/chest
    • alternate spelling: PNEUMA-
    • related term(s): -PNEA, PNEUMON/O-, PNEUMAT/O-
  153. -POIE/SIS
    • to make, form, produce
    • hemato/poie/sis
    • blood (large amount)/to make, form, produce/condition or state of
    • (usually refers to blood production by bone marrow: erythro/poiesis 'RBC's)
  154. POIKIL/O-
    • irregular or varied shape
    • poikilo/cytic
    • irregular or varied shape/cell
  155. POLI/O-
    • gray
    • polio/myel/itis
    • gray/spinal cord/inflamed
    • (virus attaches anterior gray motor horn rami of the spinal cord)
  156. POLLEX-
    • thumb
    • pollex/ectomy
    • thumb/removal
  157. POLY-
    • many
    • poly/dipsia
    • many/thirsts (being thirsty)
    • related term(s): MULTI-, PLURI-
  158. PONS
    • bridge
    • pons
    • bridge
    • (surrounds the brain stem in front and connects to the cerebellum: switchboard)
    • related term(s): PONT/O-
  159. POR/O-
    • cavity or passage (porous)
    • osteo/por/o/sis
    • bone/cavity or passage (porous)/condition of
  160. POST-
    • after or behind
    • post/part/um
    • after/birth/refers to
    • poster/ior
    • after or behind/refers to
  161. -POX
    • pits
    • small pox
    • tiny/pits
    • (some remain on skin after primary lesions disappear)
  162. PRAND/I-
    • meal or breakfast
    • prandi/al
    • meal or breakfast/pertain to
    • a/prand/ial
    • without/meal/refer to
  163. -PRAX/IA
    • movement or action
    • pharmaco/prax/ia
    • drug/movement or action/pertain to
    • myo/prax/is
    • muscle/action/refers to
    • related term(s): KINESIO-
  164. PRE-
    • before
    • pre/natal
    • before/birth
    • related terms: ANTE-, PRO-
  165. PREPUCE
    • foreskin or hood
    • prepuce
    • foreskin or hood
    • (skin covering of penis 'tail' and clitoris 'penis-like')
  166. PRESBYO-
    • old
    • presby/op/ia
    • old (weak eyes of elderly)/vision/refers to
    • (vision defect seen with advancing aging known as
    • far sightedness - 'Hyper/opia' - where one can
    • see objects clearly far away, but not close up)
  167. PRIM/I-
    • first
    • prim/ary
    • first/refers to
    • related term(s): PROT/O-
  168. PRO-
    • before
    • pro/gnosis
    • before/knowledge
    • pro/phylax/is
    • before/prevention or guard/refers to
    • related term(s): ANTE-, PRE-
  169. PROCT/O-
    • rectum or anus
    • proct/o/log/ist
    • rectum or anus/science or study of/specialist
  170. PRONE-
    • to bend forward
    • pronat/ion
    • to bend forward/process of
    • (to lay face down; to lower; to turn hand palm downward or backward)
    • related term(s): PRONAT/O-
  171. PROPRI/O-
    • property (nerve stimuli or information)
    • proprio/ceptor
    • property (nerve stimulation or information)/ones own receives
    • (these are nerve receivers in the bodies joints)
  172. PROSTAT/O-
    • one who lies before
    • prostat/ectomy
    • one who lies before/excision (cut out)
    • (prostate gland lies in front of urinary bladder)
  173. PROT/O-
    • first
    • proto/zoon
    • first/animals
    • (protozoa - the one cell animal)
    • related term(s): PRIMI-
  174. PROXIM/O-
    • close or closest
    • proxim/al
    • close or closest/refer to
  175. PRUR/I-
    • itch or itching
    • prur/itis
    • itch/inflamed
    • related term(s): PRURIT/O-
  176. PSEUD/O-
    • FALSE
    • pseudo/membranous
    • false/skin like/state of
  177. PSOAS
    • loin (lumbar)
    • psoas
    • loin (lumbar)
    • (these are muscles above the flank and beside the lumbar region)
  178. PSOR/I-
    • to itch
    • psori/asis
    • to itch/condition of
  179. PSYCH/O-
    • mind
    • psych/olog/y
    • mind/science of or study of/process of
  180. PTERYG/O-
    • winged
    • pteryg/oid
    • winged/resembles
    • (membrane growth on medial aspect of eyeball)
  181. -PTOSIS
    • to drop, fall, displace
    • splanchno/ptosis
    • viscera or organ/to drop, fall, displace
    • nephro/ptosis
    • kidney/to drop, fall, displace
  182. -PTYSIS
    • spitting or spit
    • hemo/ptysis
    • blood/spitting or spit
  183. PUB/O-
    • pubis or pubic
    • pub/ic
    • pubis or pubic/refers to
  184. PULMON/O-
    • lung
    • pulmon/ary
    • lung/pertains to
    • alternate spelling: PULM/O-
    • related term(s): PNEUM/O-
  185. PULP/O-
    • solid flesh
    • pulp/itis
    • solid flesh/inflamed
  186. PUPILL/O-
    • pupil
    • pupilo/meter
    • pupil/to measure (size of ring shape)
  187. PURPUR/O-
    • purple
    • purpur/ic
    • purple/refers to
    • (small purple hemorrhages appear on the skin, membranes, organs, tissues)
  188. PYEL/O-
    • pelvis or kidney
    • pyelo/nephr/itis
    • pelvis/of kidney /inflammation
  189. PYKN/O-
    • thick, dense, compact
    • pykn/emia
    • thick/refers to blood
    • (often causing heart attacks and stroke)
    • related term(s): PYCN/O-
  190. PYL/O-
    • gatekeeper
    • pyl/or/ic
    • gatekeeper/one who/refer to
    • (lower sphincter (that which binds together) of stomach)
  191. PYO-
    • pus
    • pyo/gen/ic
    • pus/produce/refers to
    • related term(s): PY-
  192. PYRET/O-
    • fever
    • pyret/ic
    • fever 'febrile', heat, fire/refers to
    • pyreto/gen
    • fever/producing
    • related term(s): PYREX-
  193. QUADR/I-
    • four
    • quadr/ants
    • four/refers to
    • (4 abdominal divisions around navel '+')
    • alternate spelling: QUAD-
  194. QUINT/I-
    • five
    • quintu/plet
    • five/offspring or folds
  195. RADI/O-
    • ray, spoke, X-ray, radio activity
    • radia/tion
    • ray, spoke, X-ray, radio-activity/process of or state of
    • rad/ius
    • spoke/refer to
    • (lateral bone of forearm - to side with palm up)
  196. RADIC/O-
    • nerve root or spinal nerve
    • radicul/itis
    • nerve root/inflammation
    • related term(s): RADICUL/O-
  197. RAY-
    • spoke or wave length
    • ray
    • spoke or wave length
    • (This is one or more lines from a common center:
    • energy, X-ray, spectrum, radiant, fluorescence,
    • and heat. Types vary: X-ray, alpha, beta, gamma,
    • delta, actinic, cathode, hard, heat, infrared,
    • luminous, medullary, positive, primary,
    • secondary, roentgen, ultraviolet, etc.)
  198. RE-
    • again
    • re/spir/ation
    • again/breath/process of
  199. RECT/O-
    • rectum or straight
    • recto/clysis
    • rectum or straight/washing out
    • rectus abdominal muscles
    • straight/belly/muscle
  200. REN/O-
    • kidney
    • ren/al
    • kidney/pertaining to
  201. RETICUL/O-
    • network
    • reticul/ation
    • network/process of
    • (a massive net: composed of the net and
    • WBC's in bone marrow and in lymph nodes)
  202. RETINA
    • net or net like
    • Retin/itis
    • net or net like/inflamed
    • (the appearance of the blood vessels
    • on the thin inner eye layer at back of eyeball)
  203. RETR/O-
    • back of, behind, backward, after
    • retro/cervic/al
    • behind/neck/refers to
    • retro/grade
    • back of, backward, behind, after/movement
    • retro/col/ic
    • back of/big intestine/refers to
  204. RHACHI/O-
    • jointed vertebrae, spine, spinal column
    • rhach/itis
    • jointed vertebrae, spine, spinal column/inflamed
    • alternate spelling: RACHIO-
    • related term(s): RACHI-
  205. RHEUMAT/O-
    • discharge or flow through
    • rheumat/oid arthr/itis
    • discharge or flow through/resembles: joint/inflamed
  206. RHIN/O-
    • nose
    • rhino/plasty
    • nose/repair or plastic surgery (nose job)
    • rhin/itis
    • nose/inflamed
    • rhin/o/rrhea
    • nose/running
  207. RHOMB/O-
    • parallelogram or diamond shaped
    • rhomb/oid muscles (major and minor)
    • parallelogram (diamond shaped)/resembles: muscles
    • (one of two muscles beneath the large trapezius muscles
    • of the neck and back 'cervical and thoracic vertebra'.)
  208. RHYTID/O-
    • wrinkles
    • rhytid/ectomy
    • wrinkles/plastic surgery to remove wrinkles
    • rhytido/plasty
    • wrinkles/plastic surgery or repair
  209. RICHETTS/IA
    • rickets like symptoms in joints
    • rickets like symptoms in joints/refers to
    • (Dr. Howard Ricketts was an American
    • Pathologist '1871-1910' who identified this
    • organism. Remember some terms in the sciences are
    • named for people. Rickets is usually caused by
    • the deficiency of Vitamin A & D)
  210. ROENT/O-
    • X-ray
    • roent/gen/ic
    • x-ray/beginning or caused by/refer to
  211. ROTAT/O-
    • to turn or swing around
    • rotat/or
    • to turn or swing around/one who
  212. -RRHYTHM
    • rhythm or contraction
    • a/rrhythm
    • lack of or without/rhythm or contraction
  213. RUBE/O-
    • red
    • rube/osis
    • red/condition of
    • alternate spelling: RUBER/O-
    • related term(s): RUBELLO-, RUBEOL-
  214. RUG/A-
    • folds
    • rug/ae
    • folds/refers to (seen in vagina; stomach; intestines)
  215. SACCHAR/O-
    • sugar
    • sacchar/ide
    • sugar/likeness
  216. SACR/O-
    • saucer or sacred bone
    • sacr/al
    • saucer or sacred bone/pertaining to
  217. SAGITT/O-
    • arrow or arrow like
    • mid/sagitt/al
    • middle/like and arrow or arrow-like (cut)/refers to
    • (visual or surgical cut separating body or parts into right and left segments)
  218. SALIV/O-
    • spit
    • saliv/ation
    • spit (making)/process of
    • saliva/process of (making or producing)
  219. SALPING/O-
    • tube, duct, canal
    • salping/itis
    • tube, duct, canal/inflamed
  220. SARC/O-
    • fleshy
    • sarc/oma
    • fleshy/tumor
    • (these are tumors of the body's hard
    • tissue 'bones, muscle, tendons, ligaments, and
    • cartilage' that become soft or flesh-like)
  221. SCAB/O-
    • to itch
    • scab/ies
    • to itch/condition of
    • (mite infestation of skin)
  222. SCAPUL/O-
    • shoulder blade
    • scapul/ectomy
    • shoulder blade/removal (surgical excision)
  223. SCHIZ/O-
    • split or splitting
    • schizo/phren/ia
    • split/mind/refers to
    • related term(s): SCHIST/O-, SCISS/I-
  224. SCLER/O-
    • hardening
    • athero/scler/osis
    • yellow fat or porridge/hardening/condition of
    • (this is the leading killer or Cardio-Vascular Disease in the U.S.A.)
    • scler/itis
    • hard/inflammation
    • (sclera is the hard outer white membrane layer of eye)
  225. SCOLI/O-
    • crooked or twisted
    • scoli/osis
    • crooked or twisted (spine)/condition of
  226. -SCOP/E
    • an instrument that examines or views
    • micro/scop/e
    • small/to view or examine/instrument(process of)
  227. -SCOPY
    • to examine or view
    • lapro/scop/y
    • abdomen wall or abdominal/to examine or view/procedure of (process of)
  228. SCOT/O-
    • darkness
    • scot/oma
    • darkness (blind spot)/swelling or tumor (causing)
    • (portion of retina of the eye: blind spot)
  229. SCROT/O-
    • sac or pouch
    • scrot/al
    • sac or pouch/refers to
    • related term(s): VESIC/O-
  230. SCURVY
    • to scratch
    • scurvy
    • to scratch
    • (vitamin C deficiency)
  231. SEB/O-
    • oil
    • seb/aceous gland
    • oil/pertains to
    • (sebaceous gland of hair follicle: sebum means oil like -oleum)
  232. SECRETO-
    • separating or to separate
    • secreat/or
    • separating or to separate/one who
  233. SECT/O-
    • to cut
    • sect/ion
    • to cut (several times) or to cut apart/procedure of
    • (to section an organ)
    • related term(s): -CIS, -TOM
  234. SEMI-
    • half
    • semi/conscious
    • half/aware
    • related term(s): DEMI-, HEMI-
  235. SEMIN/O-
    • seed or seed producer
    • semin/al
    • seed or seed producer/refers to
    • semen
    • seed (male sperm 'with fluid')
    • related term(s): GONO-, SEMEN/O-
  236. SENIL/E-
    • old
    • senil/ity
    • old/state of
    • (mental and/or physical weakness)
    • (Presbyt/iatrics and Ger/iatrics treat diseases of old age)
  237. SEPT/A-
    • partition or wall
    • sept/um
    • partition or wall/refers to
    • (wall dividing a space: nose and heart)
    • related term(s): PARIET/O-, PHARG/O-
  238. SEPT/I-
    • seventh
    • septi/para
    • seventh/child births or born infants
  239. SEPT/O-
    • poison, infection, decay, putrefy
    • sept/ic
    • poison/refer to
    • related term(s): SEPS/O-, TOX/O-
  240. SIAL/O-
    • saliva or spit
    • sial/aden/itis
    • saliva or spit/gland/inflammation
    • hypo/sialo/gogic
    • low/saliva/production
    • related term(s): -PTYSIS, SALVI/O-
  241. SIDER/O-
    • iron
    • sidero/cyte
    • iron/cell
    • (specialized RBC's that contain iron in a form other than hematin)
    • related term(s): FERR/O-, HEME-
  242. SILIC/O-
    • silicon carbon particles
    • silico/sis
    • silicon carbon particles/refers to
    • (also known as: arc welders disease - inhaling iron particles)
  243. SIN/O-
    • cavity
    • sin/us
    • cavity/refers to
    • (air-filled or open space in bone)
    • related term(s): ALVEOL/I-
  244. SINISTR/O-
    • to the left or left
    • sinistro/card/ia
    • to the left or left/heart/refers to
  245. SKELET/O-
    • dried up or to attach
    • skelet/al
    • dried up or to attach/refers to
  246. SOLE-
    • the sole of the foot
    • sole/us
    • sole of foot/refers to
    • (muscle running from the back of the lower leg to the sole of the foot)
  247. -SOL
    • in solution or solution
    • aero/sol
    • air/solution
  248. SOM/O-
    • body
    • psycho/somat/ic
    • mind/body/refer to
    • (the term SOM/O is a prefix, the term -SOME is a suffix)
    • related term(s): SOMAT/O-
  249. SOMN/O-
    • sleep
    • somni/pathy
    • sleep/disease
    • (sleep disorder)
    • related term(s): HYPN/O-
  250. SON/O-
    • sound
    • sono/gram
    • sound/recording or writing (diagnosis)
    • related term(s): ECHO-
  251. SPAD/I-
    • to tear
    • epi/spad/ism
    • upon/to tear/state of
    • (usually abnormal opening on the upper side of the male penis or shaft)
    • related term(s): AVULS/I-,
    • tip: DACRY/O- and LACRIM/O- means �to tear� as in tearing or crying
  252. -SPASM
    • involuntary contraction
    • myo/spasm
    • muscle/sudden involuntary muscle contraction

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview