SET 4.txt

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Author:
Victordv
ID:
140589
Filename:
SET 4.txt
Updated:
2012-03-08 20:07:51
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Medical Prefix Suffix SET SPERM YO
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Description:
Medical Prefix and Suffix SET 4/4 (SPERM/O- to YO)
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  1. SPERM/O-
    • sperm
    • spermo/cide
    • sperm/to kill
    • alternate spelling: SPERMAT/O-
  2. SPHER/O-
    • ball, globe, round
    • spher/o/cyte
    • ball, globe, round/cells
  3. SPHINCT/O-
    • that which binds together
    • sphinct/er
    • that which binds together or tight (ring like)
    • (The 'pylorus sphincter' is known as the
    • gatekeeper to the small intestines. The 'anal
    • sphincter' is this ring which binds together at the end
    • of the big colon)
  4. SPHYGM/O-
    • pulse
    • sphygmo/mano/meter
    • pulse/by hand/measurement
    • (this records the pressure of blood above atmospheric pressure 760 mm/hg as it passes through arteries)
  5. SPHYXI/O-
    • pulse or lack of pulse
    • a/sphyx/ia
    • without/pulse/refers to
    • (this refers to lack of a heart beat 'no pulse' due to lack of breathing)
  6. SPIN/O-
    • thorn or thorny
    • spin/al
    • thorn or thorny/refers to
    • (sharp pointed projection of bone: the spine has multiple thorny projections)
    • related term(s): CORNU- (means horn or horny)
  7. SPIR/O-
    • breathe or breathing
    • spir/o/meter
    • breathe, breathing/measure
    • spiro/gram
    • breathing/record
    • spiro/graph
    • breathing/instrument used to record
    • related term(s): -PNEA
  8. SPLANCHN/O-
    • organ
    • splanchn/o/log/y
    • organ (viscera)/study of/process of
  9. SPLEN/O-
    • spleen
    • splen/o/tom/y
    • spleen (organ)/cut into/procedure of
    • related term(s): LEINO-
  10. SPONDYL/O-
    • vertebra
    • spondyl/itis
    • vertebra/inflamed
  11. SPRAIN
    • to wring out or press out
    • sprain
    • to wring out or press out
    • (usually with tears, swelling, and bleeding)
  12. SQUAM/O-
    • scaly
    • squam/ous
    • scaly/refers to
  13. -STALSIS
    • to contract
    • peri/stalsis
    • around/to contract
  14. STAPED/O-
    • stirrup
    • staped/ectomy
    • stirrup (shape)/excision or removal
    • (One of three tiny bones of the middle ear: mallus/incus/stapes = hammer/anvil/stirrup)
    • related term(s): STAPES
  15. STAPHYL/O-
    • grape or grape-like clusters
    • straphylo/coccus
    • grape or grape-like clusters/berry
    • (bacteria appearance)
    • related term(s): UV-, UVE/A-, UVE/O-, UVUL/O-
  16. -STASIS
    • stoppage, standing, location
    • hemo/stasis
    • blood/stoppage
    • (arrest of bleeding or circulation; blood stagnation causing clots)
    • homeo/stasis
    • same or equal/standing or location
    • alternate spelling: -STASIA
  17. -STAT
    • to stop or immediately
    • hemo/stat
    • blood/to stop
    • (device or drug that immediately arrests blood flow. STAT. or stat means immediately - stop what you are doing and help)
  18. -STAXIA
    • dripping or trickling
    • epi/staxia
    • upon/dripping or trickling
    • (epistaxis means nosebleed)
  19. STEAT/O-
    • fat
    • steato/rrhea
    • fat/flow
    • (flow from the sebaceous 'oil' glands of hair follicle)
    • related term(s): ADIPO-, LIPO-
  20. STEN/O-
    • narrowing
    • sten/osis
    • narrowing/condition of
  21. STEREO-
    • three dimensional or solid
    • stereo/cine/fluoro/graphy
    • three dimensional (viewing)/motion picture/fluorescence/recording procedure
  22. STERN/O-
    • chest, sternum, or breastbone
    • stern/al
    • chest, sternum, breastbone/pertain to
  23. STETH/O-
    • chest
    • stetho/scope
    • chest/to examine
    • related term(s): PECT/O-, PECTER/O-, THORAC/O-
  24. -STOLE
    • contract
    • sy/stole
    • together/contract
    • (blood pressure created by heart chamber contraction)
    • dia/stole
    • between/contraction
    • (lower blood pressure that occurs when heart chamber is filling with blood between contractions of the heart muscle)
    • related term(s): -SPASM, -STALSIS
  25. STOMAT/O-
    • mouth
    • stomat/itis
    • mouth/inflamed
  26. STRABISM/O-
    • to squint or squinting
    • strabism/us
    • to squint or squinting/refers to
    • (lazy eye 'one eye deviates' do to loss of acuity, muscle, nerve damage.
    • Types include: 'cross-eyed, wall-eyed, intermittent, vertical, paralytic,& spastic')
  27. STRAIN
    • to draw tight
    • strain
    • to draw tight (stretch)
    • (less severe than a sprain)
  28. STRAT/I-
    • layer
    • strati/form
    • layer/shaped
    • strat/um basal
    • layer/refers to: base of (skin)
  29. STREPT/O-
    • twisted or twisted chain
    • strepto/coccus
    • twisted or twisted chain/spheres
    • (bacteria appearance)
  30. STRI/A-
    • stripes or threads
    • stria/tion
    • stripes or threads/process of
    • (usually associated with muscle appearance and skin stretch marks)
  31. STRICT/O-
    • drawing or binding
    • strict/ure
    • drawing or binding/state of
  32. STY/E
    • raised
    • stye
    • raised
    • (This is the inflamed sebaceous gland and hair follicle near an eyelash follicle)
    • related term(s): HORDEOL/O-
  33. SUB-
    • beneath, under, less or lesser
    • sub/lingu/al
    • under/tongue/pertains to
    • sub/dur/al
    • under/hard (meninges layer)/refers to
    • sub/lux/ation
    • lesser/dislocation/process of
  34. SUDORIFER/O-
    • sweat
    • sudorifer/ous
    • sweat/pertain to
    • related term(s): HIDR/O
  35. SULF/O-
    • sulfur
    • sulfon/amide
    • sulfur/in protein
    • related term(s): THIO-
  36. SUPER-
    • above or upon
    • super/cil/ia
    • above/hairs/refers to
    • (eyelash-like)
    • super/ficial
    • on or near/refer to surface
  37. SUPINAT/O-
    • to throw backward
    • supinat/ion
    • throwing backward/process of
    • (to turn the body or part upward)
  38. SUPRA-
    • above or upon
    • supra/pelvic
    • upon or above/pelvis or basin
    • supra/cost/al
    • above/ribs/pertaining to
  39. SUR/A-
    • on calf of leg
    • sur/al
    • on calf of leg/refers to
    • (muscles: area of leg calf)
  40. SURG/I-
    • working by hand
    • surg/ical
    • working by hand/refers to
    • surgeon
    • one who works by hand
  41. SUTURE
    • sewing together
    • sutur/ing
    • sewing together/procedure of
  42. SYM-
    • together
    • sym/physis
    • together/growth
    • related term(s): COM-, CON-, SYN-
  43. SYN-
    • together
    • syn/drome
    • together/running (signs and symptoms)
    • syn/apse
    • together/point of contact
    • syn/ovi/al
    • together/like egg/ refer to
    • related term(s): COM-, CON-, SYM-
  44. SYNCOPE
    • to faint or fainting
    • syncope
    • to faint or fainting
  45. SY/STOL/O-
    • to draw together or contract
    • systol/ic
    • to draw together or contract/refer to
    • related term(s): TRACT/O-
  46. TACHY-
    • fast or swift
    • tachy/card/ia
    • fast or swift/heart/refers to
  47. TAL/O-
    • ankle
    • tal/us
    • ankle/refers to
  48. TARS/O-
    • broad flat surface
    • meta/tars/al
    • beyond/broad flat surface/refer to
  49. TART/O-
    • dregs, sediment or particles
    • tart/ar
    • dregs, sediment or particles/pertains to
    • (minerals and other particles deposited on teeth. Also known as Plaque or Calculus)
  50. TAX/O-
    • arrange, to order, to organize, locate
    • tax/o/nom/y
    • arrange, to order, to organize, locate/law/process of
    • (to classify plants or animals, to organize or put a order to items in biology)
  51. -TAXIA
    • muscle coordination
    • a/taxia
    • without/muscle coordination
  52. TEL/O-
    • end or outward
    • telo/phase
    • end or outward/stage
    • (the end stage or phase of mitosis)
    • related term(s): TELE-
  53. TEMPOR/O-
    • temple
    • tempor/al
    • temple/refers to
    • (bones of both sides of skull at its base)
  54. TEN/O-
    • tendon
    • teno/desis
    • tendon/binding
    • (surgical fixating or reattaching a tendon)
    • related term(s): TEND/O-, TENDON-
  55. TENS/O-
    • to stretch or stretches
    • tens/or
    • to stretch or stretches/one who
    • alternate spelling: TENT/O-
  56. TERAT/O-
    • monster
    • terat/o/logy
    • monster/study of
    • (medical special that studies deformed offspring)
    • alternate spelling: TERA-
  57. TERES
    • round
    • teres
    • round
    • (round and smooth muscles or ligaments that are cylindrical)
  58. TERM
    • end, place at the end, boundary
    • term
    • a set period of time like the end of pregnancy
    • related term(s): TERMIN/O-
  59. TERT/I-
    • third
    • terti/para
    • third/birth
    • tert/iary stage
    • third/state of or condition: phase
    • (3rd stage of a disease like syphilis, which
    • forms gummas or gum-like lesions)
    • related term(s): TERT-
  60. TEST/E-
    • shell or seed producer
    • test/icle
    • shell or seed producer/small
    • (the appearance is that of a shell and it produces the seed called sperm)
  61. TETAN/O-
    • spasm or spasms
    • tetan/y
    • spasm or spasms/process of (contraction of muscles-like in lockjaw)
  62. TETR/A-
    • four
    • tetra/olog/y (of Fallot)
    • four/science of or study of/process of
    • (combination of four abnormalities seen in a Fallot's Heart)
  63. THANAT/O-
    • death
    • thanato/log/y
    • death/studying or study of/process of
    • related term(s): NECR/O-
  64. THEL/O-
    • nipple
    • thel/ectomy
    • nipple/removal or excision (surgical procedure)
    • (usually associated with breast cancer)
  65. THEN/O-
    • palm of hand or sole of foot
    • then/ar
    • palm of hand or sole of foot/pertains to
    • (palm of hand and the fleshy part at base of thumb)
  66. THEO-
    • GOD
    • theo/mania
    • god/madness
    • theo/log/y
    • god/study of/process of
  67. THERAP/O-
    • treating or curing
    • therap/y
    • treating or curing/procedure of
    • chemo/therap/y
    • chemical (with)/treatment or cure/procedure of
  68. THERM/O-
    • heat, hot or warm
    • therm/ometer
    • heat, hot or warm)/measurement
    • therm/al
    • temperature/pertain to
    • thermo/gram
    • heat/recording
    • (diagnostic graphic record of heat variations: blood flow or tissue changes)
  69. THORAC/O-
    • chest
    • thoraco/centesis
    • chest (thorax)/surgical puncture to drain fluid
    • (thorax 'chest' relates to the 12 chest vertebra with 12 pairs of attached ribs)
    • related term(s): PECTER/O-, STETH/O-
  70. THROMB/O-
    • clot, clump together, curdle
    • thromb/osis
    • clot, clump together, curdle/condition of
    • (this is a blood clot somewhere in the vascular system or an organ)
  71. THYM/O-
    • soul, emotion, flowery smell
    • thym/us
    • soul, emotion, flowery smell/refers to
    • (endocrine gland that is part of the immune system '1-13 Y/O blood development')
  72. THYR/O-
    • shield or shield shaped
    • thyr/oid
    • shield or shield-shaped/resembling
  73. TIBIA-
    • shinbone
    • tibi/al
    • shinbone/refers to
    • tibi/algia
    • shinbone/pain
  74. -TIC
    • capable of, or state of
    • caus/tic
    • burning or burn/capable of or state of
  75. TINEA-
    • fungus
    • tine/al
    • fungus/refers to
  76. TINNITUS
    • jingling, tinkling, ringing
    • tinnitus
    • jingling, tinkling, ringing
    • (inflamed lower part of cochlea 'snail' of inner ear: causing a ringing sound)
  77. -TION
    • process of or procedure of
    • nutri/tion
    • nourishment/process of or procedure of
    • related term(s): -AGE, -ATION, -IATION, -ING, -ION, -Y
  78. -TIVE
    • nature of or quality of
    • in/sensi/tive
    • not/feeling or to feel/nature of or quality of
  79. TOCI/O-
    • birth, giving birth, birthing
    • dys/toci/a
    • difficult, painful, faulty/birth/refers to
    • alternate spelling: TOC-
    • related term(s): NAT-, NATO-, PARTO-
  80. -TOM/E
    • cutting instrument
    • derma/tom/e
    • skin/cut/instrument
    • (an instrument used to cut into the skin)
  81. TON/O-
    • tension, tone, pressure
    • tono/meter
    • tension, tone, pressure/to measure
    • (instrument used to measure pressure or tension within the eye 'intra/ocul/ar')
  82. TONSILL/O-
    • almond shape
    • tonsill/ectomy
    • almond shape/removal or excision
    • (this lymph node gland tissue becomes overwhelmed and swollen with infections)
  83. TOP/O-
    • location
    • top/al
    • location/refers to
    • ec/top/ic
    • outside/location/pertains to
    • (usually a mal-positioned pregnancy in the wombs tube, cervix, on the ovary)
  84. TORSI-
    • twisted
    • tors/ion
    • twisted/refers to
    • (Torsion means twisting of a body part. This is
    • usually a twisting of the blood vessels around
    • the vas de/ference in the male scrotum, causing a
    • blood flow blockage, pain, & vessel dilation)
    • related term(s): ILEO-, VARIC/O-, TORTI-
  85. TOX/O-
    • poison
    • tox/ic
    • poison/refers to
    • toxic/olog/y
    • poison/science of/procedure of
    • (science that studies how poisons are chemical composed, action tests, and antidotes)
    • related term(s): SEPS/O-, SEPT/O- , VIR/O-
  86. TRACHE/O-
    • rough
    • trache/o/tom/y
    • rough/to cut into/refers to
    • (the cut is between the semi-circular cartilage rings of the windpipe)
    • related term(s): TRACHY-
  87. TRACT/O-
    • to draw or pull
    • tract/ion
    • to draw or pull/process of
    • related term(s): SYSTOL/O-
  88. TRANS-
    • across or through
    • trans/fus/ion
    • across or through/connect/process of
    • trans/verse
    • across/to draw
    • (horizontal cut creating the top and bottom parts
    • of the body or a structure)
    • related term(s): DIA-
  89. TRAUMA
    • wound
    • trauma
  90. -TRESIA
    • perforation or opening
    • a/tresia
    • without/perforation or opening
  91. TRI-
    • three
    • tri/ceps
    • three/headed
    • (muscle in back of arm - extends forearm)
    • tri/gemin/al
    • three (parts)/form or development of/refer to
  92. TRIAGE
    • to sort or classify
    • triage
    • to sort or classify
    • (screening: in hospitals, at accidents, in war to prioritize treatment)
  93. TRICH/O-
    • hair
    • tricho/crypt/osis
    • hair/hidden/condition
    • (any hair follicle disease - hidden below surface)
    • tricho/mon/iasis
    • hair/single or one/condition
    • (VD parasitic infection: protozoa has one tail 'single hair or tail projection')
    • related term(s): PILO-, -THRIX
  94. -TRIGO-
    • rubbing
    • inter/trigo
    • between/rubbing
    • (friction causes skin weakness usually between digits & fungus infection)
  95. TROCHLE/O-
    • pulley or pulley like
    • trochle/ar
    • pulley or pulley-like/refer to
    • (name of fourth '4th' cranial nerve: innervates superior oblique eye muscles)
  96. TROP/O- (TROP/IN)
    • stimulate or to turn
    • gonado/tropin (hormone)
    • teste or ovary/stimulate
    • trop/ism
    • to turn/state of
    • (reaction to stimuli - turn toward or away from heat, cold, light, etc.)
  97. TROPH/O-
    • development, nourishment or nutrition
    • hyper/troph/y
    • increased/development/process of
    • tropho/therapy
    • nourishment or nutrition/treatment
  98. -TRIPSY
    • to crush
    • litho/tripsy
    • stone/crushing (gall stones)
  99. TRYPAN/O-
    • borer, to bore, drill
    • trypano/som/iasis
    • borer/body/disease or condition
    • related term(s): TREPAN/O-
  100. TUB/O-
    • canal or tube
    • tub/al ligation (female sterilization)
    • canal or tube/refers to: to bind (burning or cauterizing)/procedure of
  101. TUBERCUL/O-
    • swelling, nodule, tubercule
    • tuberculo/sis
    • swelling small/condition
    • (Bacteria bacillus rods - 'Mycobacterium tuberculosis' that form nodular
    • colonies 'swelling' within lungs, bones, and in
    • other body tissues. Over one third of the world
    • population has this disease)
  102. TUM/O-
    • swelling or tumor growth
    • tum/or
    • swells, to swell, swelling/one who
    • (Note: Tum/or (swelling); Reb/or (redness);
    • Cal/or (heat); Dol/or (pain) are all signs
    • of: 'Inflammation. The word 'Tumor' is often
    • associated with a cancerous swelling both benign
    • or malignant)
  103. TURGOR/O-
    • swelling
    • turgor
    • swelling (skin test for hydration)
  104. -TUSSIS
    • cough
    • per/tussis
    • through/cough
    • Pertussis (Whooping cough) is characterized by fits of coughing followed by a noisy, "whooping" indrawn breath, and is caused by the bacteria "Bordetella pertussis"
  105. TYMPAN/O-
    • eardrum
    • tympan/itis
    • eardrum/inflamed
    • (outer part of middle ear)
  106. TYPH/O-
    • stupor
    • typh/oid
    • stupor/resembles(bacterial infection causing high fever and a stupored state)
  107. ULCER-
    • sore
    • ulcer/ation
    • sore/process of
    • (may develop in many diseases or conditions)
  108. -ULE
    • small or lesser
    • tub/ule
    • canal/small or lesser
    • related term(s): -CULE, -ICLE,- IOLE, -ULA
  109. ULN/A-
    • elbow
    • uln/ar
    • elbow/refers to
  110. ULTRA-
    • beyond
    • ultra/sound (US)
    • beyond (normal hearing levels)/sound (waves)
    • ultra/micro/scop/e
    • beyond/small/view/instrument
    • (objects invisible through ordinary microscope: side illumination 'darkfield')
  111. UMBILIC/O-
    • navel
    • umbilic/al
    • navel (watery)/refers to
  112. UNGUIN/O-
    • nail
    • unguin/al or ungun/al
    • nail/pertain to
    • (Note: ung 'unguentum' is the abbreviation for ointment)
    • alternate spelling: UNGU/O-
    • related term(s): ONYCH/O-
  113. UR/O-
    • urine
    • ur/olog/y
    • urine/study/process or procedure of
    • alternate spelling: UR/A-, UR/E-, UR/I-
    • related term(s): UR-
  114. URETER/O-
    • small canal
    • ureter/itis
    • small canal/inflamed
  115. URETHERO-
    • canal
    • urethr/itis
    • canal/inflamed
    • (tube running from urinary bladder to outside of body)
  116. URTICARI/O-
    • hives or nettles
    • urticar/ia
    • hives or nettles (skin condition)/pertain to
  117. UTERO-
    • womb
    • uter/al
    • womb/refers to
  118. UVE/A-
    • grape
    • uve/itis
    • grape/inflamed
    • (thin membrane between retina and sclera of eye - iris, ciliary body and choroid vascular layer)
    • related term(s): STAPHYLO-, UV-, UVE/O-, UVUL/O-
  119. VAG/O-
    • wanderer (the longest cranial nerve)
    • vag/us
    • wanderer/pertains to
    • (tenth cranial nerve that wanders down through torso body cavities)
  120. VAGIN/O-
    • sheath
    • vagin/al
    • sheath/refers to
    • vagin/itis
    • sheath/inflamed
  121. VALG/U-
    • inward
    • valg/us
    • inward/refers to the condition of �genu valgum,�
    • which means the knees are in �valgus� (i.e., �knock knees�);�valgum� is the adjective; �valgus� is the noun.
    • alternate spelling: VALG/US, VALG/UM
  122. VALVUL/O-
    • tiny fold or small valve
    • valvul/itis
    • tiny fold or small valve/inflamed
  123. VAR/U-
    • outward
    • var/us
    • Outward/refers to the condition of �genu varum,�
    • which means the knees are in �varus�
    • (i.e., �bow legged�);�varum� is the adjective; �varus� is the noun.
    • alternate spelling: VARUS, VARUM
  124. VARIC/O-
    • twisted
    • varico/cele
    • twisted/rupture or protrusion
    • (veins of spermatic cord)
    • related term(s): ILEO-, TORSI-
  125. VARICELLA
    • tiny spot
    • varicella
    • a tiny spot
    • (chickenpox lesions - macules 'spots',
    • papules 'pimples', vesicles 'blisters', and
    • crusting lesions appear on the skin during
    • different stages. It lasts 10 days and is caused
    • by the herpes zoster virus that also causes
    • shingles later in life)
  126. VAS/O-
    • vessel
    • vas/ec/tom/y
    • vessel/out/cut/procedure of
    • related term(s): ANGI/O-
  127. VEN/O-
    • vein
    • ven/ous
    • vein/pertain to
    • related term(s): PHLEB/O-
  128. VENTR/O-
    • belly
    • ventr/al
    • belly/refer to
    • ventr/icle
    • belly/small
  129. VERA-
    • TRUE
    • polycythemia: vera
    • many red blood cells: true
    • (also known as erythremia)
  130. VERMI-
    • worm
    • vermi/form
    • worm/shaped
    • (shape of appendix projecting from the cecum)
  131. VERRUCA/E-
    • wart
    • plantar verruca(e)
    • foot/refers to: wart
  132. -VERSION
    • turn or to turn
    • in/version
    • inward/turning (usually foot)
    • related term(s): VERS-
  133. VERTEBR/O-
    • jointed
    • vertebr/al
    • jointed/refers to
    • (six or more articulations or joints on each vertebral bone)
  134. VERTIGO
    • whirling
    • vertigo
    • whirling (maze part or labyrinth of inner ear inflamed causing a spinning sensation)
  135. VESIC/O-
    • sac or small blister
    • vesic/al
    • sac or small blister/pertains to
    • related term(s): VESICUL/O-
  136. VILL/I-
    • shaggy hair
    • vill/us
    • shaggy hair (appearance)/refers to
    • (hair-like structure in small intestine that absorbs nutrients into the blood)
  137. VIR/O-
    • poison
    • vir/al
    • poison/refers to
    • (smallest of etiologic infectious agents - thought to cause severe poisoning)
    • related term(s): SEPS/O-, SEPT/O-, TOX/O-
  138. VISCER/A-
    • organ
    • e/viscer/ate
    • out (from)/organ/process of or procedure of
  139. VIT/O-
    • alive, life, living
    • vit/al
    • alive, life, living /pertains to
    • (your resume' is your personal vitae)
    • related term(s): VIV/I-
  140. VITILIG/O-
    • to corrupt
    • Vitiligin/ous
    • to corrupt/state of
    • (leuko/derma: white patches on skin often seen in dark skinned people)
  141. VOLV/O-
    • to twist, twisting, rolling
    • volv/ulus
    • twisting or rolling/refers to
    • (bowel obstruction causes by the bowel twisting - stops forward food movement)
  142. VULV/O-
    • covering
    • vulv/a
    • covering/refers to
    • (the covering tissue of the female external genitalia)
  143. WHEAL
    • round or circle
    • wheal
    • round
    • (A circular elevated skin condition with a pale
    • red periphery that itches and white in center.
    • It is associated with urticaria or hives and
    • insect bites)
  144. WHITLOW
    • white flow
    • whitlow
    • white flow
    • (suppurative 'pus forming' at end of finger or toe - often a nail abscess)
    • related term(s): FELON
  145. XANTH/O-
    • yellow
    • xanth/derma
    • yellow/skin
    • xanth/oma
    • yellow/swelling
    • (flat, soft, nodule usually seen on the eyelid)
    • related term(s): LUTE/O-
  146. XEN/O-
    • strange or foreign
    • xen/ophthalm/ia
    • strange/eye/refers to
    • xeno/phob/ia
    • stranger/fear of/pertains to
  147. XERO-
    • dry
    • xero/derm/a
    • dry/skin/refers to
    • (X is pronounced like a z)
  148. YAWS
    • raspberry appearance
    • yaws
    • raspberry appearance
    • (spirochetal bacterial infection of skin in humid environments)
  149. -Y
    • procedure of or process of
    • therap/y
    • treating or curing/procedure of or process of
    • related term(s): -AGE, -ATION, -IATION, -ING, -ION, -TION
  150. ZYGO-
    • union
    • zygot/e
    • union/instrument
  151. A & A
    awake and aware
  152. A & O
    alert and oriented
  153. A & W
    alive and well
  154. ACL
    anterior cruciate ligament
  155. ad. lib.
    as desired or at liberty
  156. ALL
    allergy or acute leukocytic leukemia
  157. AMA
    against medical advice
  158. ASTOL
    as tolerated
  159. B1
    • Thiamine HCL Vitamin or first degree (Stage I) burn
    • (a sun burn is a first degree burn)
  160. B2
    • Riboflavin Vitamin or 2nd degree (Stage II) burn
    • (blistering is present with a 2nd degree burn)
  161. B3
    • 3rd degree (Stage III) burn
    • (tissue charring is present with a 3rd degree burn)
  162. B4
    • 4th degree (Stage IV) burn
    • (most tissue destroyed with a 4th degree burn)
  163. B6
    Pyridoxine HCL Vitamin
  164. B7
    Biotin Vitamin
  165. B8
    Adenosine Phosphate Vitamin
  166. BaE
    • barium enema
    • related term(s): BE
  167. BID
    two times per day
  168. BP
    • blood pressure
    • (Average Intra/vascular 'BP' is 120/80 mm/Hg
    • above atmosphere pressure. Low 'BP' is 90/60 or
    • lower; High 'BP' is 140/90 or higher)
  169. BS
    blood sugar, bowel sounds, before sleep, breath sounds, Blue Shield
  170. BT
    body temperature, bleeding time, brain tumor
  171. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  172. BX
    biopsy or Blue Cross
  173. CBC
    complete blood count
  174. CC
    chief complaint or chief component
  175. CF
    cystic fibrosis
  176. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  177. CL
    contact lenses
  178. CNA
    chart not available, certified nurse's aide
  179. COPD
    • chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder
    • (asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, bronchiectasis)
  180. CO
    cardiac output or computer order
  181. CP
    cerebral palsy, chest pain
  182. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident
  183. D & D
    diarrhea and dehydration
  184. DAD
    drug administration device
  185. DAT
    diet as tolerated
  186. DD
    • differential diagnosis
    • (differentiating between diseases 'signs & symptoms'
    • or their etiology 'cause')
  187. DNS
    did not show
  188. DPT
    • diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
    • (pertussis is also known as whooping cough,
    • tetanus is also known as lock jaw)
  189. DX & PX
    diagnosis and prognosis
  190. DZ
    disease or dozen
  191. EKG
    • electrocardiogram
    • related term(s): ECG
  192. EMG
    • electromyography
    • (diagnostic procedure of recording muscle electricity
    • - muscle fire power)
  193. ENT
    ear, nose, and throat
  194. ESWL
    extracorporal shock wave lithotripsy
  195. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  196. FOD
    free of disease
  197. Fx
    fracture or fractional urine
  198. GH
    growth hormone
  199. GI
    gastrointestinal or granuloma inguinal
  200. GTT
    drop, drops, or glucose tolerance test
  201. H1
    herpes simplex type 1 are oral herpes
  202. H2
    herpes simplex type 2 are genital herpes
  203. HAV
    Hepatitis A virus
  204. HBV
    Hepatitis B virus
  205. HCV
    Hepatitis C virus
  206. HI, HOH
    Hearing impaired or hard of hearing
  207. I & O
    intake and output
  208. ICU
    intensive care unit
  209. ID
    infectious disease, initial dose, intradermal
  210. IV
    intravenous
  211. KUB
    kidney, ureter, bladder
  212. LBP
    • low blood pressure
    • (starts at 90/60 mm/Hg above atmospheric pressure
    • of 760: 'or lower')
  213. MD
    • muscular dystrophy, manic depression, mental deficiency,
    • Medical Doctor
  214. ml
    milliliter
  215. MMR
    measles, mumps, and rubella
  216. MS
    multiple sclerosis, mitral stenosis
  217. N & V
    nausea and vomiting
  218. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  219. OTC
    • over the counter
    • (over the counter items are sold without prescription)
  220. PE
    physical exam, pulmonary embolism, pleural effusion
  221. PRN
    as needed
  222. PROM
    partial range of motion
  223. QD
    every day or once a day
  224. QID
    four times per day
  225. Q
    every
  226. RBC
    • red blood cell
    • (also refers to a red blood cell count)
  227. ROS
    review of systems
  228. RR
    respiration rate or recovery room
  229. Rx
    prescription, drug, medication, reaction
  230. S.O.S.
    if necessary, if urgently required, may be repeated once
  231. sig.
    • Let It Be Written, label, instructions
    • (often seen on prescriptions)
  232. SOB
    shortness of breath
  233. stat
    immediate
  234. STI
    sexually transmitted Infections, skin test dose
  235. SX
    symptom, sign, surgery
  236. TBC
    • tuberculosis, total blood (cell) count
    • (this disease infects 1/3 of the world population)
    • related term(s): TB
  237. TENS
    transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
  238. TIA
    • transient ischemic attack
    • (Rapid blockage in carotid artery in the neck,
    • that causes stroke symptoms. Typically, the clot
    • suddenly passes through and the symptoms usually
    • disappear: Sign of pending major stroke or CVA -
    • cerebrovascular accident)
  239. TKO
    to keep open
  240. TPR
    temperature, pulse, respiration
  241. UE
    upper extremity
  242. ung
    • ointment
    • (url means unrelated, urol means urology)
  243. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  244. US
    ultrasound, unit secretary
  245. UTD
    up to date
  246. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  247. VO
    verbal order
  248. WBC
    white blood cells or white blood count
  249. X & D
    examination and diagnosis
  250. YO
    years old

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