Organics

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
140601
Filename:
Organics
Updated:
2012-03-08 21:53:45
Tags:
Organics functional groups
Folders:

Description:
Functional groups and their endings!
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    • Alkene
    • -ene
    • Alkyne
    • -yne
    • Arene (aromatic)
    • none
    • Halide
    • group + halogen (idoethane) or (ethyl iodide)
    • missing a hydrogen
    • Alcohol
    • -ol
    • -OH bond is covalent. completely changes properties. stays associated.
    • Ether
    • carbon groups are different: name shorter side with -oxy ending + larger side (ethoxy ethane)
    • same: di (group name) + ether (diethyl ether)
    • Aldehyde
    • -al
    • carbonyl bond must be at the end of chain!
    • must have hydrogen in carbonyl bond.
    • Ketone
    • -one
    • carbonyl bond must be between 2 carbons!
    • Ester
    • -oate
    • name smaller group then larger (ethyl ethanoate)
    • Carboxylic acid
    • -oic acid
    • -COOH endings
    • incredibly reactive! can get resonance and make stable.
    • Amide
    • -amide
    • Amine
    • -amine
    • amazing building blocks & has "N" for proteins
    • Nitrile
    • -nitrile
    • toxic cuz it had CN-!
    • Nitro
    • nitro- (as a prefix)
    • Thiols
    • thiol (methyl thiol)
    • skunk smell!
    • natural gas released with thiols to give smell.
    • Organometallic
    • (methyl Lithium)
    • likely group 1 & 2

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