Ch6_Medical_Terminology_PART1_Lymphatic_&_Immune_Systems_Function_Structure_&_Word_Parts

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havenwood
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140603
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Ch6_Medical_Terminology_PART1_Lymphatic_&_Immune_Systems_Function_Structure_&_Word_Parts
Updated:
2012-03-09 15:06:54
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Medical Terminology Health Professionals 6E JCCC AAC130 Chapter Lymphatic Immune Word Parts
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Ch6 Medical Terminology - Part 1 - Lymphatic & Immune System - Structure, Function & Word Parts
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  1. Structures of the Lymphatic System:
    • 1. Major structures are:
    • .....a. Lymph
    • .....b. Lymphtic vessels and ducts
    • .....c. Lymph nodes

    • 2. Additional structures are:
    • .....a. Tonsils (adenoids, palatine tonsils & lingual tonsils)
    • .....b. Thymus
    • .....c. Spleen
    • .....d. Lacteals
    • .....e. Peyer's patches
    • .....f. Veriform appendix
    • .....g. Lymphocytes
  2. Structures of the Immune System:
    1. Unlike other body systems, the immune system is not contained within a single set of organs or vessel.

    2. Immune functions depend on structures from several other body systems

    • 3. First lines of defense:
    • .....a. Intact skin
    • .....b. Respiratory system
    • .....c. Digestive system
    • .....d. Lymphatic system

    • 4. Antigen-Antibody Reaction:
    • .....a. Antigen
    • .....b. Allergen
    • .....c. Antibody
    • .....d. Immunoglobulins

    • 5. Specialized Cells of the Antigen-Antibody Reaction:
    • .....a. Lymphocytes
    • .....b. B cells
    • .....c. Dendritic cells
    • .....d. T cells
    • ..........(1) Interferon
    • ..........(2) Lymphokine
    • ..........(3) Macrophage
    • ..........(4) Phagocyte
    • .....e. Complement
  3. Lymph
    • 1. Fluid that removes from the tissues:
    • .....a. Cellular waste products
    • .....b. Pathogens
    • .....c. Dead blood cells

    • 2. Combining form: lymph/o
  4. Lymphatic Vessels & Ducts
    1. Return lymph from tissue to circulatory system

    2. Combining form: lymphangi/o
  5. Lymph nodes
    1. Filter pathogens & harmful substances from the lymph.

    2. Combining form: lymphaden/o
  6. Tonsils & Adenoids
    1. Protect the entry into the respiratory system

    2. Combining form: tonsill/o and adenoid/o
  7. Spleen
    1. Acts as a blood reservoir

    2. Destroys worn-out blood cells

    3. Filters foreign materials from the blood.

    4. Maintains appropriate balance between cells & plasma in the blood.

    5. Releases hemoglobin

    6. Stores platelets

    7. Combining form: splen/o
  8. Bone Marrow
    1. Produces blood cells including erythrocytes & leukocytes.

    2. Combining form: myel/o
  9. Lymphocytes
    1. Specialized white blood cells that play an important role in immune reactions.

    2. Combining form: lymphocyt/o
  10. Thymus
    1. Endocrine gland located above heart.

    2. Composed largely of lymphoid tissue

    3. Secretes endocrine thymosin that aids in maturation of T lymphocytes for use by the immune system.

    4. Combining form: thym/o
  11. Immune System
    • 1. Defends the body against harmful substances such as:
    • .....a. Allergens
    • .....b. Malignant Cells
    • .....c. Pathogenic microorganisms
    • .....d. Toxins

    2. Combining form: immun/o
  12. immun/o
    Combining form meaning protected.
  13. onc/o
    Combining form meaning tumor
  14. cervic/o
    Combining form meaning neck
  15. -al, -ary, -ic, -tic
    Suffixes meaning pertaining to
  16. -us
    Singular noun ending
  17. axill/o
    Combining form meaning armpit
  18. inguin/o
    Combining form meaning groin
  19. lymph/o
    Combining form meaning lymph
  20. aden/o
    Combining form meaning gland
  21. lymphaden/o
    Combining form meaning lymph node
  22. angi/o
    Combining form meaning vessel
  23. lymphangi/o
    Combining form meaning lymph vessel
  24. -oma
    Suffix meaning tumor
  25. -edema
    Suffix meaning swelling
  26. splen/o
    Combining form meaning spleen
  27. -megaly
    Suffix meaning abnormal enlargement
  28. -rrhagia
    Suffix meaning bleeding
  29. anti-
    Prefix meaning against
  30. -cyte
    Suffix meaning cell
  31. macro-
    Prefix meaning large
  32. -phage
    Suffix meaning cell that eats
  33. phag/o
    Combining form meaning to eat or swallow
  34. -therapy
    Suffix meaning treatment
  35. cyt/o
    Combining form meaning cell
  36. megal/o
    Combining form meaning large
  37. vir/o
    Combining form meaning virus
  38. bi/o
    Combining form meaning life or pertaining to life
  39. bacteri/o
    Combining form meaning bacteria
  40. -cide
    Suffix meaning death
  41. -static
    Suffix meaning control
  42. fung/i
    Combining form meaning fungus
  43. neo-
    Prefix meaning new or strange
  44. ne/o
    Combining form meaning new or strange
  45. -plasm
    Suffix meaning formation
  46. -ology
    Suffix meaning study of . . .
  47. -ologist
    Suffix meaning specialist in . . .
  48. my/o
    Combining form meaning muscle
  49. sarc/o
    Combining form meaning flesh or connective tissue
  50. oste/o
    Combining form meaning bone
  51. -genesis
    Suffix meaning reproduction
  52. meta-
    Prefix meaning beyond
  53. -statis
    Suffix meaning stopping, controlling, maintaining at a constant level
  54. carcin/o
    Combining form meaning cancer
  55. synovi/o or synov/o
    Combining forms meaning tissue or fluid surrounding a synovial joint
  56. mamm/o or mast/o
    Combining form meaning breast
  57. mast/o or mamm/o
    Combining form meaning breast
  58. -graphy
    Suffix meaning process of producing a picture or record
  59. -opsy
    Suffix meaning view of
  60. -ectomy
    Suffix meaing surgical removal of ...
  61. plast/o, plas/i, or plas/o
    combining forms meaning new growth, development or formation
  62. brachy-
    Prefix meaing short
  63. tele-
    Prefix meaning distant
  64. tox/o, toxic/o
    Combining forms meaning poison, poisonous or toxic
  65. -pathy
    Suffix meaning disease or abnormal condition
  66. -itis
    Suffix meaning inflammation

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