Chapter 7/middle childhood
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At what age does middle childhood begin and when does it end?
Middle childhood begins at approx. 6 years old (at the begining of primary grades) and ends at puberty (ages vary) around 10 years old.
What are the 4 foci of middle childhood?
- 1) The change from exploration and newness to academic skills (math, printing and writing, memorization of facts) Tabula rasa with newborns but at 7 they know everything and you need to shock them or give them new facts.
- 2) The refinement of physical development through sports and outdoor activities. Going from barely walking to fumbling in sports.
- 3) Social development through the refinement of expressive language. Going from momma mine to more easily told lines.
- 4) The development of morality, ritual/tradition, and values. Middle childhood is the last opportunity to instill values, traditions and manners in.
What is Freud's Latency stage of development?
For the ages of 6-10 sexuality goes underground. Girls have cooties and boys are gross. They get into extracurricular activities.
What is Piaget's concrete operational thought?
Tangeable, can touch it (abstract you cannot touch). If they can touch it they can comprehend it (not God or love). Math with M&M's
What is Erickson's Industry vs. Inferiorly?
Conduct activity vs. inferior need to complete it and feel good about themselves. If they can do what everyone else can't do, then they are inferior. They need the right amount of challenge and a peer group.
How much time do Dad's spend a day with thier children?
30 seconds or less
What are the 3 impacts of the classroom?
- 1) Develops self-esteem (bullying, continued failure and lack of challenge can stunt growth)
- 2) Develops social relationships (the inability to make friends or work with others can stunt growth) Kids with peers need to be able to work as a group thru entire life.
- 3) Develops the foundation for later learning (lack of focus on foundational skills can stunt growth) FCAT std test "teaching to the test" vs. "teaching finctional skills" and understanding the why.
What are 2 common sex roles/gender roles for middle childhood?
- 1) engaging in same-sex play using stereotypes sex roles
- 2) rigid standards of masculinity and femininity.
- girls need to be ultra feminine
- boys need to be ultra masculine
In the average home, how long is the TV on per day?
How many hours of TV does the average child watch in 1 week?
By the time we reach 70, how many years were wasted watching TV?
7 to 10 years
What activity do children spend most of their time doing other than sleeping?
How much TV should a 0-2 year old watch, a 2-6 year old, and over 7 year old watch?
- 0-2 = no TV
- 2-6 = no more than 30 minutes and only if they are learning a new language or something important
- 7+ 1 hour a fay once the brain is formed.
What is the #1 cause of death in middle childhood nationwide?
Being hit by a ball in the chest
What is the #1 cause of death in Middle childhood in Florida?
Drowning in a pool
What is the #1 cause of death in young adults?
What is the #2 cause of death in middle childhood?
What is physical development of the middle childhood child?
- 1) loss of baby-like proportions (look like little adults)
- 2) Skeletal, muscular, and organ growth
- 3) Motor skill development (coordination running/throwing)
What is cognitive development of the middle childhood child?
- 1) Words and symbols take on new meaning (+ and t) (increased math and language development)
- 2) Greater problem-solving ability (role play what would you do if......)
- 3) Ability to manipulate variables simultaneously (multi-tasking)
- 4) Intuitive thought/concrete operations (Piaget's if they can manipulate it, they can work it.
What are cognitive needs of the middle childhood child?
- 1) Children must be given the opportunity to problem solve
- 2) Children must be allowed to make mistakes
- 3) Children must be given boundaries
- 4) Children must be challenged
What is social development of the Middle childhood child?
- 1) Increased interaction between children and their society that you are not familiar with.
- 2) Increased emotional differentiation and maturity (increased range of emotions)
- 3) Formation of friendship
- 4) Formation of morals
What are the social needs of the middle childhood child?
- 1) Children should be able to interact with others
- 2) Children should see male and female role models
- 3) Children should be allowed to express their feelings and not have their emotional repertoire limited (especially based on sex roles)
- 4) Children should face consequences for inappropriate emotional or moral choices
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