Chapter 8/adolescence

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Chapter 8/adolescence
2012-04-18 21:30:57

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  1. When was the term adolescent coined?
    1950's, prior to this there was a "intermediate stage" between childhood and adulthood
  2. What is an adolescent?
    The onset of puberty to onset of young adulthood. We will consider this from 13-19
  3. What is a tween and a preteen?
    • Tween is 8-12
    • Preteen is 10-13
  4. When is early adolescence, Middle adolescence, and late adolescence?
    • Early = 12-14
    • Middle = 15-16
    • Late = 17-19
    • Young adulthood starts at 20
  5. What is Piaget's formal operations?
    Abstract stuff like God, Love, beauty, truth, eithics
  6. What is Piaget's concrete thouhts?
    Things that they can touch and feel they can figure out.
  7. What is the primary development task of adolescence?
    To form an identity.
  8. What did Erickson say was the crisis?
    To form one's own identity that is unique and origional to the individual, as opposed to a diffuse identity that is wrapped up in others, especially thier parents.
  9. How did Erickson say you can accomplist gaining your own unique identity?
    By obtaining a sense of identity, clarifying sex roles, integrating aspects of one's personality, and gaining independence from the family.
  10. What is the cyclic development of lifespan?
    The flipping back and forth between "What can I do?" and "Who am I?"
  11. When is the last chance you have to instill values and manners into your child if you haven't already?
    Middle childhood, between 6-10 years old. Adolescence is too late because they have developed abstract.
  12. What percent of parents polled said that they did not want to impose their values onto their children?
  13. What steps have the school systems realized have to be done in school to make worthwhile citizens in the future? (basic teaching manners)
    • Respect
    • Appreciation of diversity
    • Courage
    • Perseverance
    • Good judgement
    • Truthfullness
  14. What are the 6 stages that Kohlberg has developed? You can not skip stages and you can go back and forth.
    • 1 - Obedience (to avoid) and punishment
    • 2 - Instrumental exchange
    • 3 - Interpersonal conformity
    • 4 - law and order
    • 5 - Social contract
    • 6 - Universal Ethical Principles
  15. What is Kohlberg's Stage 1 - Obedience and punishment?
    Where little kids want to sneak the cookie but they don't becuase they do not want to get punished.
  16. What is Kohlberg's Stage 2 - Instrumental exchange?
    If you scratch my back, I will scratch yours.
  17. What is Kohlberg's Stage 3 - Interpersoal conformity?
    People are obedient to conform to the social expectations of your peers.
  18. What is Kohlberg's Stage 4 - Law and order?
    Are obedient because you have to respect for rules and laws and properly constituted authority.
  19. What is Kohlberg's Stage 5 - Social contract?
    We live in situational ethics, society changes depending on where we are, obedient in a specific situation rather than a list of rules.
  20. What is Kohlberg's Stage 6 - Universal Ethical Principles?
    • Acts out of Universal principles, based on the equality and worth of all human beings.
    • MLK Jr.
    • Mother Theresa
  21. What does school violence include?
    • Bullying
    • Aggression
    • Hate crimes
    • Hazing
    • Fighting
    • Shooting, etc.
  22. Bullying among "queen bee" girls has become aided through the use of what?
    • Text messaging
    • Instant messaging
    • Other electronic media (Facebook)
  23. What can school violence that does not lead to death then lead to?
    • Self-esteem issues
    • PTSD
    • Anxiety disorders
    • Substance abuse
    • A need to interrupt educational goals
    • Suicide
    • Homicide
  24. What is the #1 cause of teen deaths?
  25. What is the girls gender difference in suicide?
    Girls think about and attempt suicide about twice as often as boys and girls attempt suicide by overdosing on drugs or cuting themselves.
  26. What is the boys gender difference in suicide?
    Boys die by suicide about four times as much as girls, perhaps because they tend to use much more lethal methods, such as firearms, hanging, or jumping from heights.
  27. How many teens had seriously considered attempting suicide?
    1 in 5 teens
  28. How many teens made plans to attempt suicide?
    1 in 6 teens
  29. How many teens made an suicide attempt in the past year?
    1 in 12 teens
  30. Where does Florida rank in teenage pregnancy rates?
    6th highest
  31. Of the nearly 50,000 teen pregnancies each year in Florida what percent are live births and what percent are abortions?
    • 52% in live births
    • 34% in abortions
    • 14% in miscarriage
  32. Girls born to teen mothers are what percent more likely to become teen mothers themselves?
    22% more likely
  33. How many teens say that they had been drinking when they had sex and got pregnant?
    1/3 of pregnant teens
  34. What percent of teens claimed that the pregnancy was unplanned?
    91% of teens
  35. How many preganacies are there each year among American women?
    six million pregnancies
  36. How many of the six million preganacies each year are unintended?
    • half
    • 3 Million
  37. Of the three million unintended pregnancies, how many end in abortion?
    • 1.3 million
    • about half
  38. How many abortions are there worldwide?
    about 46 million and almost half are illegal
  39. What is a endometrial aspiration abortion?
    when the egg is suctioned out of the uterus with a pipette because the cells have not attached to the wall
  40. What is a early uterine evacuation?
    a larger vaccume tube removes the tissue mass from the uterus with suction and scrape and the growing cells are not deeply attached to the wall yet
  41. What is a vaccume aspiration abortion?
    • requires dilation
    • May be used with dilation and curettage where they scrape the uterus in the later stage in vaccume aspiration
  42. What kind of abortion is a dilation and curettage (D and C)?
    scrapes the uterus and often is performed with a vaccume aspiration
  43. What kind of abortion is a dilation and evacuation (D and E)?
    • also performed with the vaccume aspiration
    • dialate and evacuate
  44. What kind of abortion is induction abortion?
    induced delivery with the use of saline solution
  45. What is prostaglandin suppositories abortion?
    A suppository is used to induce the delivery of the fetus
  46. What is a hysterotomy abortion?
    A incision into the uterus (c-section)
  47. What is a chemical abortion?
    a set of pills that can be taken to irritate the lining of the uterus so that the zygote can not implant
  48. What are some complications that can occur with abortion?
    • infection
    • clotting
    • perforation
    • hemorrhage
    • cervical laceration
    • postabortal syndrome (blood in uterus)
    • sterility
    • sepsis (blood infection)
    • septic shock
    • air embolism
  49. What causes Anorexia Nervosa (restrictive eating)?
    • (may also binge-purge)
    • control issues
    • body dysmorphic beliefs
  50. What causes Bulimia Nervosa (binge-purge)?
    • (may also be restrictive eating)
    • guilt issues
  51. What are the career interests for 12-14 years olds?
    career = wild, job oriented, need immediate money
  52. What are ethics and self direction for a 12-14 years old?
    rules and limit testing, occasional experimentation
  53. What are the career interests for 15-16 year olds?
    • thinking about a career
    • job = paycheck
  54. What are the ethics and self direction of a 15-16 year old?
    more consistance of evidence of conscience, greater capacity for setting goals
  55. What are the career interests for a 17-19 year old?
    • career vs. college
    • some by self default
  56. What are the ethics and self direction of 17-19 year olds?
    • stress on personal dignity and self esteem
    • ability to set goals and follow thru