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What is Psychology?
The discipline concern with behavior and mental processes and how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, and external environment
What is Pyschobabble? List Examples of Psychobabble.
methods and techniques that are presented as being sceintifically proven but have no research to support their claims.
How does psychobabble differ from serious psychology?
- Serious psychology is more complex, more informative and far more helpfull the psychobabble
What is the definition critical thinking?
Critical thinking- the ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgement on the basis of well-supported reasons and evidence rather than emotion or anecdote
List the eight essential critical thinking guidelines
- 1. ask questions
- 2. define your terms
- 3. examine the evidence
- 4. Analyze assumptions and biases
- 5. aviod emotional reasoning
- 6. dont oversimplify
- 7. Consider other interpretation
- 8. tolerate uncertainty
List some psychological practitioners
Psychological Practitioners- naturalistic, laboraty observation, inventories, objective tests
What does Ph.D and Psy.D M.D. and Ed.D?
- Ph.D- Doctor of Philosophy
- Psy.D M.D- Doctor of Psychology
- Ed.D- Doctor of Education
Definition of Hypothesis
Hypothesis- a statement that attempts to describe or explain a given behavior
Purpose of Informed Consent
Researchers must protect participants from physical or mental harm
What is the difference between Laboratory and Naturalistic Observation?
Naturalistic is for observation in normal social enviroment while Laboratory observation is done in a well docummented area
Whats the difference between projective and objective testing?
Objective testing measures beliefs, feeling, or behaviors of an aware individual projective tests are designed to tap unconsious feeling and motives
What is a case study
A detailed description of a particular individual being studied or treated.
Definition of Mental Disorder
Any behavior or emtional state that causes an individual great suffering, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the persons ability to work or get along with others, or endangers others or the community
- Used to diagnose mental disorders.
- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
Definition of GAD ( General anxiety disorder)
A continues state of anxiety marked by feelings of worry or dread, apprehension, difficuties in concentration and signs of motor tension
Definition of PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder)
- reliving the trauma in recurrent, intrusive thoughts, a sense of detachment from others and a loss of interest infamiliar activities
Definition of Panic Disorder
a person has recurring attacks of intense fear of panic
Definition of Phobia
is an exaggerated fear of a specific situation, activity, or thing
Definition of Agoraphobia
Being trapped in a crowd Public Place, where escape might be difficult or where help might be unavailable if the person has a panic attack.
Definition of OCD ( Obsessive Compulsive Disorder)
Characterized by recurrent, persistent, unwished-for thoughts or images and by repetitive, ritualized behaviors that the person feels must carried out to aviod disaster.
Definition of Major Depression
Major Depression involves emotional, behavioral, cognitive and physical charges severe enough to disrupt a person's ordinary functioning and lasting at least two weeks
Definition of Bipolar Disorder
When people experience at least one episode of mania alternating with episodes of depression
Definition of Personality Disorders
Involve maladaptive traits that cause great distress or inability to get along with others
Definition of Paranoid Personality Disorder
A group of conditions called eccentric personality disorders. people with these disorders seem to be odd, or peculiar. most are paranoid, worried, or suspicious
Definition of Narcissistic Personality Disorder
A mental disorder in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance and a deep need for admiration
Definition of APD (Antisocial personality disorder)
Characterized by a life long pattern of irresponsible, antisocial behavior such as law breaking , violence, and other impulsive reckless acts
Definition of DID ( Dissociative Identity Disorder)
is a controversal disorder marked by the apparent appearence within one personalities, each with its own name and traits, formerly known as multiple personality disorder.
Definition of Schizophrenia
A psychotic disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized and incoherent speech, in appropriate behavior, and cognitive impairments
Definition of Antipsychotic Drugs
Drugs used primary for treating schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
Definition of Antidepressant drugs
Drugs used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders, especially depression and anxiety
Definition of Tranquilizers
Drugs commonly but often inappropriatelly prescribed for patients who complain of unhappiness, anxiety, or worry
Definition of Psychodynamic therapies
process by which the client transfers emotional feelings toward other important people in his or her life
Definition of Transference
the clients transfer of emotional elements of his or her life (inner) usually feelings about the clients parents- outward onto the analyst
Definition of Behavior Therapy
A form of therapy that applies principles of classical and operant conditioning to help people change self-defeating or problematic behaviors
Definition of Skills Training
in behavior therapy, an effort to teach the clients skills that he/she may lack, as well as news constructive behaviors to replace self-defeating ones
Definition of Cognative Therapy
a form of theraapy designed to indentify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and hence to reduce negative emotion and their self-defeating consequences.
Definition of Humanistic Therapy
A form of psychotherapy based on the philosophly of humanism, which emphasizes the clients free will to change rather than past conflicts
Definition of Client Centered Therapy
A humanist approach, devised by carl rogers, which emphasizes the therapist's empathy with the client and the use of unconditional positive regard.
Definition of Therapeutic Alliance
the bond of confidence and mutal understanding established between therapist and client, which allows them to work together to solve the clients problems
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