kinesiology midterm

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kinesiology midterm
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2012-03-09 23:22:57
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  1. Flexion (hand)
    • flexor digitorum superficialis
    • flexor digitorum profundus
    • flexor pollicis
  2. Externsion (hand)
    • extensor digitorum
    • extensor pollicis
    • indicis
    • digiti minimi
  3. ABduction (hand)
    • dorsal interossei
    • abductor pollicis
  4. ADduction
    • palmar interossei
    • adductor pollicis
  5. Flexion (humeroulnar)
    • brachialis
    • biceps brachii (w/ supination)
    • brachioradialis (w/ midposition)
    • pronator teres (w/ pronation)
  6. Extension (humeroulnar)
    triceps brachii
  7. Supination (radioulnar)
    • supinator
    • biceps brachii
  8. Pronation (radioulnar)
    • pronator teres
    • pronator quadratus
  9. Flexion (wrist)
    • flexor carpi radialis
    • flexor carpi ulnaris
  10. Extension (wrist)
    • extensor carpi radialis brevis
    • extensor carpi radialis longus
    • extensor carpi ulnaris
  11. Radial Deviation (wrist)
    • flexor carpi radialis
    • extensor carpi radialis longus
  12. Ulnar Deviation (wrist)
    • flexor carpi ulnaris
    • extensor carpi ulnaris
  13. Flexion (glenoumeral)
    • pec. major (clavicular)
    • anterior deltoid
    • coracobrachialis
  14. Extension (glenohumeral)
    • posterior deltoid
    • latissimus dorsi
    • teres major
  15. ABduction (glenohumeral)
    • supraspinatus
    • middle deltoid
  16. ADduction (glenohumeral)
    • teres major
    • pec. major
    • latissimus dorsi
  17. Internal Rotation (glenohumeral)
    • subscapularis
    • anterior deltoid
    • teres major
    • pec. major
    • latissimus dorsi
  18. External Rotation (glenohumeral)
    • infraspinatus
    • teres minor
    • posterior deltoid
  19. Horizontal ABduction (glenohumeral)
    • infraspinatus
    • teres minor
    • posterior deltoid
  20. Horizontal ADduction (glenohumeral)
    • pec. major
    • anterior deltoid
  21. Flexion (scapular)
    • elevation
    • upward rotation
    • protraction
  22. Extension (scapular)
    • depression
    • downward rotation
    • retraction
  23. ABduction (scapular)
    • elevation
    • upward rotation
    • protraction
  24. ADduction (scapular)
    • depression
    • downward rotation
    • retraction
  25. Internal Rotation (scapular)
    protraction
  26. External Rotation (scapular)
    retraction
  27. Horizontal ABduction (scapular)
    protraction
  28. Horizontal ADduction (scapular)
    retraction
  29. Elevation (scapular)
    • upper trap
    • levator scapula
  30. Upward Rotation (scapular)
    • upper trap
    • lower trap
    • serratus anterior
  31. Protraction (scapular)
    serratus anterior
  32. Depression (scapular)
    • lower trap
    • latissimus dorsi
  33. Downward Rotation (scapular)
    • rhomboid
    • pec. minor
    • levator scapula
  34. Retraction (scapular)
    • rhomboid
    • middle trap
  35. Uni-axial
    • one degree of freedom
    • two motions
    • ex: hinge or pivot
  36. Bi-axial
    • two degrees of freedom
    • four motions
    • ex: saddle, condyloid, ellipsoid
  37. Tri-axial
    • three degrees of freedom
    • six motions
    • ex: ball & socket
  38. Open Kinematic Chain (OKC)
    distal segment is free to move
  39. Closed Kinematic Chain (CKC)
    distal segment is fixed
  40. Synarthrodial Joints
    • fibrous structure - offers stability
    • fit between bony segments is very congruent and tight
    • two subtypes - 1. syndesmosis 2. gomphosis
  41. Amphiarthodial Joints
    • provides both mobility and stability
    • cartilaginous structure between bones
    • ex: interverterbral joints of spine, pubic symphysis
  42. Diarthrodial (Synovial) Joints
    • provides mobility
    • joint capsule 2 layers -
    • 1. stratum fibrosum - thicker
    • 2. stratum synovium - produces synovial fluid (thinner)
    • most common type of joint in the body
  43. Basic Arthrokinematics Joint Motions
    • Rolling (rotary or angular)
    • sliding (gliding)- translatory or linear
    • spinning
    • distraction
  44. Newton's 1st Law
    Inertia: a body at rest will stay at rest and a body in motion will stay in motion until acted on by an outside force.

    Inertia- reluctance of a body to change its current state.
  45. Newton's 2nd Law
    Acceleration: acceleration is proportionate to the magnitude of the net forces acting on it and inversely proportionate to the mass of the body.
  46. Newton's 3rd Law
    Action-Reaction: for every action force there is an equal and opposite reaction force.
  47. 1st Class Lever
    • -Axis of rotation located between force and resistance arm
    • - Similar in appearance toa see saw
    • - Length of force and resistance arms vary
  48. 2nd Class Lever
    • -Axis of rotation at end; force arm larger than resistance arm
    • -Wheelbarrow
    • -Long force arm makes it possible to move large resistances with little force
  49. 3rd Class Lever
    • -Axis of rotation at end; force arm smaller than resistance arm
    • -Most common in human body
    • -Designed to produce speed at distal segment
    • -Able to move small weights a long distance
    • -Occurs frequently in an OKC
  50. Isometric
    not changing. contracting but not changing in length
  51. Concentric
    shortening contraction
  52. Eccentric
    Lengthening contraction
  53. Passive Insufficiency
    Passive unable to be stretched any further. using the opposite muscle.
  54. Active Insufficiency
    muscle cannot generate maximum tension at both joints. human is generating force.
  55. Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
    • -eccentric induced
    • -damage at sarcomere level throughout muscle
  56. Muscle Strain
    • -varying degrees of strain
    • -occurs most often at Muscle-Tendon jct.
  57. Which joint has the articular disc?
    sternoclaviculat join
  58. Which two bursa's are in the glenohumeral joint?
    subacromial and subdeltoid
  59. Where is the inferior angle on the spine?
    T7

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