Microbiology

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Author:
melmoon
ID:
140866
Filename:
Microbiology
Updated:
2012-03-20 17:54:50
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Microbiology
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Description:
Basic Sciences
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  1. Spiral-shaped bacteria are identified as:
    Spirilla
  2. Rickettsiae are transmitted by:
    Insect bites
  3. A valuable laboratory test for determining bacterial identification is a/an:
    Gram stain
  4. Microbes that prefer to live without oxygen are called:
    Anaerobes
  5. The relationship in which organisms occupy the same hibitat but do not affect each other is known as:
    Neutralism
  6. A relationship that benefits one organism at the expense of the other is:
    Parasitism
  7. A disease that occurs quickly & has rapid recovery is known as a/an:
    Acute disease
  8. Vaccination is an example of:
    Artificial active immunity
  9. Which of the organelles of the cell is responsible for the production of energy as ATP?
    Mitochondria
  10. Which process is an active transport mechanism?
    Phagocytosis
  11. Which organism causes gas gangrene?
    Clostridium perfringens
  12. Staphylococcus normally found on the skin is an example of:
    Resident flora
  13. Which of the following microorganisms is rod-shaped?
    Bacillus
  14. The simplest form of cell organization is the:
    Bacterium
  15. Fine, thread-like appendages that provide bacteria with motion are:
    Flagella
  16. A bacillus found in the intestine is:
    Esherichia coli
  17. The part of the body that has the most abundant & various microbes is the:
    Mouth & throat
  18. Which term defines microorgamisms that are capable of producing disease under favorable condition?
    Pathogens
  19. Positive assurance of sterility can be accomplished only with the use of:
    Biologic monitors
  20. Which of the following bacteria is gram positive?
    Streptococcus
  21. Syphilis is caused by:
    Treponema pallidum
  22. Malaria & amoebic dysentery are caused by:
    Protozoa
  23. A bacteria frequently found in soil, water, sewage, debris, & air is:
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  24. A vegetative resting state of some bacilli is known as a:
    Spore
  25. A passive process in which there is a net or greater movement of molecules or ions from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration is called:
    Diffusion
  26. DNA is contained within the:
    Nucleus
  27. Phagocytosis by the white blood cells is an example of the body's:
    Second line of defense
  28. Cell "drinking" is called:
    Pinocytosis
  29. An organelle that is responsible for the packaging of proteins is the:
    Golgi complex
  30. An organelle that contains an exzyme that destroys foreign substances within the cell is the:
    Lysosome
  31. The division of a reproductive cell into two cells with 23 chromosomes each is called:
    Melosis
  32. A disease that is commonly found in a community is considered:
    Endemic
  33. Which bacteria causes rheumatic fever?
    Streptococcus
  34. What term describes someone known as a "host" who has an infection but displays no symptoms?
    Carrier
  35. An example of autoimmune disease is:
    Lupus
  36. Chemical substances that react with the body & cause the formation of antibodies are known as:
    Antigens
  37. An acid-fast test is used to identify:
    Tuberculosis
  38. A type of relationship in which two organisms live together but only one benefits is:
    Commensalism
  39. The smallest living microorganism that must live within another cell is a:
    Virus
  40. Cell "eating" is called:
    Phagocytosis
  41. A solution in which the concentration of water molecules is the same as in blood is said to be:
    Isotonic
  42. Which structure is known as the control center of the cell?
    Nucleus
  43. Division of the parent cell's cytoplasm & organelles is known as:
    Cytokinesis
  44. Inorganic compunds usually lack:
    Carbon
  45. The symbol for sodium chloride:
    NaCl
  46. In what environment is Escherichia coli (E. coli) usually found:
    Intestinal tract
  47. Which type of microorganism requires an amount of oxygen that is less than the amount contained in the atmosphere?
    Microaerophilic
  48. Symbiosis means:
    A constant relationship between unlike species of organisms
  49. What microorganism is responsible for causing gastric ulcer disease?
    Helicobacter pylori
  50. What microorganism is responsible for causeing Creutzfeld-Jakob disease?
    Prion
  51. Microorganisms that habitually live in the epidermis deep in the crevices & folds of the skin are:
    Resident microorganisms
  52. Toxins (poisons) that are soluble & diffuse out of intact bacterial cells into the surrounding tissue:
    Exotoxins

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