Cultural Issues Test#2

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Cultural Issues Test#2
2012-03-11 00:26:01
Cultural Issues Test

Cultural Issues Test#2
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  1. The place where knowledge is created: one culture does not overwhelm another but a third culture arises at the point of intersection.
    Ganma: from Australian aboriginals
  2. They have a very traditional cultually defined style of living, grandparents may live with them, traditional language, respect for elders, tradition rituals, ceremonies.
  3. Adopting mainstream lifestyle, understand native language but likely speak English, not totally in either one.
  4. Speaking English, mainstream practices, but particularly in child rearing lean much more toward mainstream.
  5. At some level have maistream culture but try and go back and pick up what they lost, redefine cultual aspects that they have lost as they move towards mainstream.
    Pan Renaissance
  6. Legally gave Americans the right to preserve, promote, and use native languages.
    Native American Language Act of 1990
  7. Deals with groups
  8. no distinction between human life, nature and the supernatural.
    harmony- in Native Americans
  9. Most information is in the physical context or internalized with little being coded or transmitted.
    High context
  10. Most information is coded
    Low context
  11. ____________ is linear, temporal, individual, material( has a timeline, first this, then this)
    Mainstream discourse
  12. is non linear, doesnt' follow a time line, some think it follows a circle pattern, a little more difficult to follow, may be event focused, they expect you to make the connection.
    Non Mainstream discourse
  13. Literacy varies across cultures and encompasses more than just reading and writing.
  14. deals with KWL (what do I know, what do I want to know, what did I learn)discuss valules and beliefs
    Overt Instruction
  15. Deals with multiple perspectives
    Critical framing
  16. doing something about what you are studying (writing a letter, participating in activity)
    Transformed practice
  17. Describes all who trace their descent from Spanish speaking countries- chosen by the US government.
  18. Those who see themselves as coming from a Spanish speaking background
  19. A term used by those of Mexican descent who do not view themselves as either Mexican or American. Not a homogenous group
  20. 1980's brought the largest wave of Nicaraguan immigrants.
    Sandinista Revolution
  21. means male supremacy
  22. means women are dutiful, sacrificing
  23. means able to comprehend or produce two or more languages in oral, manual, or written form regardless of the level of proficiency or use and the age at which the languages were learned.
  24. Oral, written, sign, and gestural are what?
    Language output modes
  25. Speak 2 languages before the age of 3
    Simultaneous Bilingual
  26. Acquired second language after age 3 or 4
    Preschool successive bilingual
  27. Acquired second language at age 5 or 6
    School age successive bilingual
  28. Using features of both lanugages.- May continue up to age 3 1/2 for simultaneous bilingual children.
    Language mixing or Code switching
  29. Content words such as "want food" (noun, verb)
    Telegraphic Speech
  30. includes chuncks, phrases, (things they hear all the time)
    formulaic speech
  31. examples of this language are "how are you", 'my turn', or "me first"
    rote language
  32. weakening of first language because of emphasis on second language, so much time is spent on learning the second language that the second weakens. (can occur at any age, even adulthood)
    Language loss
  33. Bilingual and biliteracy are what kind of models?
    Maintenance Model
  34. What kind of model uses non-English language to facilitate English through the curriculum
    Transistional model
  35. Which model combines the Maintenance and Transitional model?
    ESL model
  36. Use this in middle and high schools the goal is to learn English fast?
    High intensity
  37. Designed for children from majority trying to learn a second language.
    Ex. Canada: put peple who speak only English in classroom where only language is French.
  38. This combines minority L1 with English Speakers is called?
    Dual Language Immersion
  39. Which model was mandated by the Bilingual Education Act of 1974?
    Transition Model
  40. Failure to provide English language instruction to non-English speakers is a violation of civil rights?

    T or F
  41. SWOT stands for?
    • Strengths
    • Weaknesses
    • Opportunities
    • Threats
  42. Developed the International Classification of Functioning (ICF)
    WHO- World Health Organization
  43. The goal of _______ is to provide high quality services that reflect the interests, values, needs and choices of the individuals we serve.
    EBP- evidence based practice
  44. Recovery parallels skills pre onset (usually one language is stronger)
    parallel recover
  45. One language recovers much better than the other one.
    Differential recovery
  46. uncontrollable mixing of words and syntax of 2 or more languages even when attempting to speak one. (not normal, not code switching, has not control)
  47. An acquired progressive deterioration in communication functioning, personality traits and intellectual function.
    - results form widespread progressive neurophysical changes that eventually affect aspects of daily living.
  48. RIOT stands for
    • Review
    • Interview
    • Observe
    • Test