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2010-04-13 22:08:05

CHDV Mid-Term
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  1. What does it mean that the study of human development is a sicence?
    It means that the study of human development is a sicence depends on theories, data, analysis, critical thinking, and sound methodology, just like every other science. And ask questions and seek answers, trying to ascertain "how and why" like all other scientists. Also trying to discover the processes of development and the reasons for thoese processes.
  2. In what ways can surveys be considered the opposite of case studies?
    Survey is collecting information from a large number of people by interview, or some other means.But some people refuse to answer or other present themselves as they would like to beperceived, not as they really are. So it is apparent that surveys may not be accurate because of such distortions in participants' responses.
  3. According to Vygotsky, if children never went to school, how whould cognitive development occur?
    If children never went to school,nothing that children learn by participating in various experiencesguided by more knowledgeable adults or peers.

    Children cannot do with the assistance of othersmight not be in some sense, even moreindicative of their mental development thanwhat they can do alone.
  4. what are the differences among the 3 kinds of memory?
    There is a Sensory, Working, and Long-term Memory.Sensory memory is the first component of the human information processing system.Which retains large quantities of incoming information momentarily.Working memory also called shor-term memory that current, conscious mental activity occurs.The brain selects meaningful perceptions to transfer to wroking memory for further analysis.Long-term memory refers information from working memory.which stores it for minutes, hours, days, months or years.

    So Memory begins with information that reaches the brain from theSense organs. Then selection processes allow some information to reach working memory, finally, long term memory stores someimages and ideas indefinitely, retrieving some parts when needed.
  5. how does metacognition affect the ability to learn something new?
    Children develop a more comprehensive form of thinking called metacognition. It allows a person to evaluate a cognitive taskdetermine how best to accomplish it,and then monitor their own performance in order to make adjustments.they can control such matters as goals, dispositions, and attention.
  6. how does a school age child develop a sence of self?
    children to develop confidence in all areas of life, such as through friends, schoolwork, and sports. Healthy friendships are very important to school age child development, but peer pressure can become strong during this time.
  7. identify nutritional disorders and explain why adolescents are particularly vulnerable to them?
    there's two common nutritional disorders as Childhood obesity and theincidence of asthma. Childhood obesity occures because of less exerciseand the greater availability of unhealthy food. The incidence of asthmaare genetic and the triggers are specific allergens,primary and secondary prevention have proved to be effective.this includes extending breast-feeding, increasing outdoore play, and reducing air pollution.

    Adolescents are particularely vulnerable to them becausecurrent environmental conditions makes informal neighborhoodplay scare, school physical education less prevalent, andsports leagues less welcoming for every school-age child.alsoadolescents depend upon the care and protection of the adults in their lives as they grow and develop.
  8. what are the reasons that the limbic system may develop before the prefrontal cortex?
    The limbic system is the set of brain structures that forms the inner border of the cortex.The limbic system is tightly connected to the prefrontal cortex.

    • reason that the limbic ststem may developbefore the prefrontal cortex is because limbic system is older than other parts of the brain.
    • and that it developed to manage which is an evolutionary necessity for reptiles as well as humans.
  9. what are the personal and cultural risk factors for adolescent suicide?
    personal risk factors for adolescent suicide is by drugs alcohol, guns, alienation fromparents and peers and lifelong depression, or when trouble comes like failing a course, endling romance, )increase the risk of suicide.cultural views on existential themes such as religion, honor, and the meaning of life.