Classical Music

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Robin
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140984
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Classical Music
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2012-05-02 17:04:52
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Classical Music History
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  1. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    Composer
    Franz Joesph Haydn
  2. Symphony in D Majoy no. 104 London
    Date
    1795
  3. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    Structure
    4 Movements
  4. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    Performers
    Symphony Orchestra
  5. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    First Movement
    Introduction Key
    D Minor
  6. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    First Movement
    Tempo
    Adagio
  7. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    First Movement
    Time Signature
    4/4 Time
  8. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    First Movement
    1st Theme Description
    • Strong & Unified/Powerful & Majestic
    • Slow start
    • Builds to Allegro
    • Happy Folk Quality
  9. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    Bridge
    Description
    • Broad leaps between upper & Lower registers
    • FORTE
  10. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    First Movement
    2nd Theme Description
    • A Major - Dominant Key
    • Monothematic
  11. Symphony in D major no. 104 London
    First Movement
    Codetta Description
    • 2 string motives alternate
    • Contrasting staccato & legato alternate
  12. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    First Movment
    Development Description
    • B Minor(relative minor)
    • Tension heightened from different minor keys &
    • contrasting dynamic levels
    • Return to 1st theme is relief
  13. Symphony in D Major no. 104 London
    First Movement
    Recap Description
    • Silence used for suspense
    • Return to D major
    • Spirited close
    • Symphony in D Major no. 104 London Hayden
    • First Movement
    • Introduction
  14. The Creation
    Composer
    Franz Joseph Haydn
  15. The Creation
    Genre
    Orotorio
  16. The Creation
    German Title
    Die Schopfung
  17. The Creation
    Librettist
    Baron Gottfried Can Sweten
  18. The Creation
    Source
    Book of Genesis
  19. The Creation
    Date
    1798
  20. The Creation
    Structure
    • 3 parts - each containing multiple movements
    • 1. 1st 4 days -creation of the stars
    • 2. last 3 days - animal/human life
    • 3. celebration - Garden of Eden
  21. The Creation
    Performers
    • SATB Chorus & Orchestra
    • w/basso continuo for the recictatives
  22. The Creation
    Characters
    Soprano
    Gabriel & Eve
  23. The Creation
    Characters
    Tenor
    Uriel
  24. The Creation
    Characters
    Bass
    Raphael & Adam
  25. The Creation
    Uriel's 1st Recitative
    Title
    "And God Said - Let There Be Light"
  26. The Creation
    Uriel's 1st Recitative
    Genre
    Recitative Secco
  27. The Creation
    Uriel's 1st Recitative
    Description
    4th day of Creation - earth & heavens/sun, moon & stars
    • The Creation
    • Uriel's 1st Recitative
    • "And God Said - Let There Be Light"
  28. The Creation
    Uriel's 2nd Recitative
    Title
    "In Splendor Bright"
  29. The Creation
    Uriel's Recitative
    "In Splendor Bright"
    Key
    D Major
  30. The Creation
    Uriel's Recitative
    "In Splendor Bright"
    Tempo
    Andante
  31. The Creation
    Uriel's Recitative
    "In Splendor Bright"
    Time Signature
    2/2 Time
  32. The Creation
    Uriel's 2nd Recitative
    "In Splendor Bright"
    Genre
    Recitative Accompagnato
  33. The Creation
    Uriel's 2nd Recitative
    "In Splendor Bright"
    Description
    • Slow ascending D Major scale w/broad orchestral crescendo(rise of the sun)
    • "In splendor bright" - short rocket motive (cellos & basses)
    • "With softer beams" - G major cello/basses play softly ascending(the moon)
    • "the space immense" - dotted chords(countless stars)
  34. The Creation
    Chorus & Trio (Gabriel, Uriel & Raphael)
    Title
    "The Heavens are Telling The Glory of God"
  35. The Creation
    Chorus & Trio "The Heavens are Telling"
    Key
    C Major
  36. The Creation
    Chorus & Trio "The Heavens are Telling"
    Tempo
    Allegro
  37. The Creation
    Chorus & Trio "The Heavens Are Telling"
    Time Signature
    2/2 Time
  38. The Creation
    Chorus & Trio "The Heavens Are Telling"
    Description
    • SATB Chorus has opening lines homorhythmically w/orchestra
    • "Night" - word painting/brief shift to C minor
    • "In all the lands" repeated expansively(like earth)
    • Chorus does opening melody contrapuctallyw/imitation between voices
    • Final chorus-double fugue(homorhythmic & imitative
  39. Marriage of Figaro
    Composer
    W.A. Mozart
  40. Marriage of Figaro
    Date
    1786
  41. Marriage of Figaro
    Genre
    Opera Buffa - 4 acts
  42. Marriage of Figaro
    Language
    Italian
  43. Marriage of Figaro
    Librettist
    Lorenzo de Ponte
  44. Marriage of Figaro
    Source
    Beaumarchais controversial French Play(banned in Austria, but permitted as an opera). Made fun of the upper classes.
  45. Marriage of Figaro
    Performers
    Figaro & Count
    Baritones
  46. Marriage of Figaro
    Performers
    Basilio
    Tenor
  47. Marriage of Figaro
    Performers
    Dr. Bartalo
    Bass
  48. Marriage of Figaro
    Performers
    Susanna & Countess & Barbarino
    Soprano
  49. Marriage of Figaro
    Performers
    Cherubino & Marcellino
    Male Soprano
  50. Marriage of Figaro
    Story
    Figaro and Susanna want to marry. Count wants Susanna - this hurts the Countess. Susanna and Countess make a trap for the Count. Marcellina wants Figaro, but finds out he is her son. Cherubino is the love-sick young man
  51. Marriage of Figaro - Overture
    Key
    D Major
  52. Marriage of Figaro - Overture
    Form
    Modified Sonata
  53. Marriage of Figaro- Overture
    Tempo
    • Allegro
    • Very Fast - Excitement
  54. Marriage of Figaro - Overture
    Time Signature
    2/2 Time
  55. Marriage of Figaro - Overture
    Description
    • 1st Theme - D Major strings play rapid eighth notes/oboes & flutes build dramatic climax
    • 2nd Theme - A Major contrast w/less rhythmic activity and more lyrical melody
    • Recap - 1st & 2nd themes restated in D Major. Listener is unclear whether this is the Expo/Devel/Recap. This foreshadows unexpected events to follow
  56. Marriage of Figaro - Overture
  57. Marriage of Figaro - Non So Piu
    Key
    E Flat Major
  58. Marriage of Figaro - Non So Piu
    Form
    ABAC
  59. Marriage of Figaro - Non So Piu
    Tempo
    Allegro Vivace
  60. Marriage of Figaro - Non So Piu
    Time Signature
    2/2 Time
  61. Marriage of Figaro - Non So Piu
    Description
    • Begins in middle register - builds higher as his agitation increases
    • A - quick rhythms
    • B - more lyrical in B Flat
    • A - return to E Flat
    • C - begins quiet - builds to E Flat
  62. Marriage of Figaro - Non So Piu
    Story
    • Cherubino is in Susanna's bedroom singing about his new feelings for women and love. Cherubino sees the Count and hides in Susanna's bedroom
    • Breathless and Quick - reflect his emotional state
  63. Marriage of Figaro - Non So Piu
  64. Marriage of Figaro - Ah Son Perduto
    Genre
    Recictative Secco
  65. Marriage of Figaro - Ah Son Perduto
    Performers
    • Susanna / The Count / Basilio
    • Forte Piano playing accompaniment w/cello continuo only
  66. Marriage of Figaro - Ah Son Perduto
    Tempo
    Rapid conversational dialogue
  67. Marriage of Figaro - Ah Son Perduto
    Story
    Dialoque exchanged quickly. Count arrives in Susanna's bedroom. Cherubino hides. Susanna is nervous and trys to reject the Counts advances. Basilio arrives. The Count hides. Basilio reveals Cherubin's love for the Countess. The Count angrily emerges.
  68. Marriage of Figaro - Ah Son Perduto
  69. Marriage of Figaro- Cosa Sento
    Form
    Sonata
  70. Marriage of Figaro - Cosa Sento
    Genre
    Terzetto - Trio
  71. Marriage of Figaro - Cosa Sento
    Performers
    Count / Susanna / Basilio
  72. Marriage of Figaro - Cosa Sento
    Description
    • 1st Theme - in B Flat Major by Count
    • Bridge - Basilio
    • 2nd Theme - Susanna in Dominant Minor
    • The Count expresses rage over Cherubino
    • Basilio is apologetic and pleased with all the trouble
    • Susanna is worried Cherubino will be found/when he is -Susanna thinks the worst has happened
  73. Marriage of Figaro - Co Sa Sento
  74. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Composer
    W.A. Mozart
  75. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Date
    1784
  76. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Structure
    3 Movements
  77. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Genre
    Solo Concerto
  78. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    First Movement
    Key
    G Major
  79. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    First Movement
    Tempo
    Allegro
  80. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    First Movement
    Time Signature
    4/4 Time
  81. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    First Movement
    Form
    Sonata w/double exposition
    • Piano Concerto in G Major
    • 1st Theme
  82. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Theme 1 Description
    • Violins & Wood winds start/Flutes & Oboes follow
    • Occasional chromatic appoggiaturas(note that doesn't belong to chord for colour)
  83. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Theme 2 Description
    • Syncopation w/violins & woodwinds - gentle
    • Minor keys - E & A
  84. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Solo Exposition
    Description
    • Piano enters w/decorated version of Theme 1 in G Major
    • LH accompainment
  85. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    Bridge
    Description
    • Piano figuations - modulates to D Major
    • Legato and Staccato contrasts
  86. Piano Concerto in G Major - Solo Exposition
  87. Piano Concerto in G Major K453
    First Movement
    Description
    • Theme 1 - violins & woodwinds
    • Theme 2 - syncopation with above
    • Solo Exposition - piano w/decorated version of theme 1
    • Bridge - D Major - legato & staccato
    • Piano Theme-decorated ver. of theme 1-woodwinds echo
    • Theme 2-now in D Major
    • Codetta-closing section in D Major
    • Development-rapid runs/triplets/return to home key
    • Recap-1st theme by woodwinds/piano theme & 2nd theme in G Major
  88. Piano Sonata in C Minor
    Name
    Pathetique
    • Piano Concerto in G Major k453 - 1st Movement
    • Piano Theme
  89. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    Date
    1798
  90. Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    Composer
    Ludwig Van Beethoven
  91. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    Structure
    3 Movements
  92. Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    Performer
    Solo Piano
  93. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    Tempo
    Grave
  94. Piano Sonato in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    Time Signature
    4/4 Time
  95. Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Introduction
    • Opens homorhymically in C Minor
    • Chords
    • Crisp dotted rhythms- like French overture
    • Accents
    • Unexpected pauses
    • Abrupt changes of volume
    • Diminished 7th chords heightens tension
    • Descending chromatic scale
    • Use of 128th notes
  96. Piano Sonata in C Minor op 13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Expostion
    • Sonata form
    • Half Time - 2/2
    • Left hand tremolo octaves
  97. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Bridge
    Syncopation
  98. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Theme 2a
    • Unexpectantly establishes E Flat minor (major expected)
    • Sharp contrasts in register use RH crossing
    • E Flat Major established
  99. Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Codetta
    • E Flat Major confirmed
    • Some theme 1 used
  100. Piano Sonata in C Minor op 13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Development
    • G Minor(new key)
    • Dotted notes from introduction
  101. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Recap
    • C Minor restored
    • 1st theme returns
    • 2nd theme in F Minor(subdominant returns)
    • Back to C Minor
    • Codetta returns
  102. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    1st Movement
    Coda
    • Intro returns
    • Dotted Rhythm chords
    • Absence of down beats gives uncertanty
    • Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    • 1st Movment
  103. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    2nd Movement
    Key
    A Flat Major
  104. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    2nd Movement
    Form
    Rondo ABA2CA3
  105. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    2nd Movement
    Tempo
    Adagio Cantabile
  106. Piano Sonata in C minor op.13 Pathetique
    2nd Movement
    Time Signature
    2/4 Time
  107. Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    2nd Movement
    Description
    • A - Soft legato melody in middle register/repeated 2 octave higher
    • B - F Minor begins -goes to E Flat Major/repeated chord accomp. in LH
    • A - Middle register - eight measures only
    • C - A Flat minor(tonic minor) insistan triplet strikes brooding tone/unexpected turn to E Major
    • A - principal melody returns to A Flat major
    • Coda - measure 4 of 1st melody
    • Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    • 2nd Movement
  108. Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    3rd Movement
    Key
    C Minor
  109. Piano Sonata in C Minor op. 13 Pathetique
    3rd Movement
    Form
    Rondo ABACA1BA2 Coda
  110. Piano Sonata in C Minor op 13 Pathetique
    3rd Movement
    Tempo
    Allegro
  111. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    3rd Movement
    Time Signature
    2/2 Time
  112. Piano Sonata in C Minor op.13 Pathetique
    3rd Movement
    Description
    • A - agitated melody from perfect 4th G-C/soft grace notes ends w/perfect cadence in C Minor
    • B - F Minor begins-goes to E Flat major/RH melodybased on scale passages-accomp. by LH broken chords
    • A - repeats unaltered
    • C - A Flat major begins/contrapunctal/syncopation/descending staccato scale passage - 1st in LH then RH
    • CODA - Forceful perfect cadence
  113. Piano Quintet in A Major D667
    Name
    Trout Quintet
  114. Piano Quintet in A Major D 667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Composer
    Franz Schubert
  115. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Genre
    Chamber music
  116. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Performers and Order
    Piano/Viola/Bass/All/Cello/Violin
  117. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Date
    1819
  118. Piano Quintet in A Major d 667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Structure
    5 Movements
  119. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    Original Name
    Die Forelle
  120. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Story
    Narrator observes how a ruthless fisherman outwits the hapless trout. Piano accompaniment describes the splashing water
  121. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Key
    D Major
  122. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Tempo
    Andantino
  123. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Time Signature
    2/4 Time
  124. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Form
    Theme and Variations (6)
  125. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Movement
    Theme
    • Violin has same melody as original singer - just slower.
    • Strings playing Homophonic texture
    • Binary Form
  126. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 The Trout
  127. Piano QUintet in A Major D667 Trout
    First Variation
    Piano Description
    • Main Theme
    • Embellished w/trills
    • Bass plays pizzicato
    • Graceful & elegant
    • Violin has high trill/cello answers
  128. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    2nd Variation
    Viola Description
    • Main theme accompanied by violin counter melody in 16th note triplets
    • Lighthearted and elegant
  129. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    3rd Variation
    Double Bass Description
    • Main Theme w/comical effect - Humourous
    • Piano a virtuostic accompaniment to theme
    • Violin & Viola have syncopated 16th note accompaniment
  130. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    4th Variation
    ALL Instruments Description
    • Main theme w/dialogue between piano & strings
    • D Minor
    • Abrupt changes in dynamics
    • Dramatic and Forceful
    • Foreshadowing Romantic Era
  131. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    5th Variation
    Cello Description
    • Main theme in jagged dotted rhythm
    • Piano responds
    • Broad and lyrical
    • Transistion takes us to 6th variation
  132. Piano Quintet in A Major D667 Trout
    6th Variation
    Violin Description
    • Main theme w/piano playing 16th note triplets from original song.
    • Tempo changes to Allegretto
    • Gentle quiet close

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