bone terms

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Author:
codyrayh
ID:
141072
Filename:
bone terms
Updated:
2012-03-11 21:25:18
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animal
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  1. Abdominal cavity
    Area between diaphragm and pelvic region, embraces the lumbar vertebra,and holds the liver, pancreas, spleen, and most organs of the digestivesystem, the urinary system and the reproductive system
  2. Arthrology
    Study of the anatomy, function, dysfunction and treatment of joints
  3. Bone
    Dense, semi rigid, porous, calcified connective tissue forming the major portion of the skeleton of most vertebrates and consists of a dense organic matrix and an inorganic, mineral component
  4. Bone marrow
    Soft, fatty, vascular tissue that fills most bone cavities and is the source of red blood cells and many white blood
  5. Calcification
    Deposition of calcium salts in the matrix of osteoid tissue
  6. Calcitonin
    Hormone produced by thyroid gland that stimulates osteoblasts to mineralize matrix
  7. Cancellous bone
    Light, porous material enclosing numerous large spaces that give a honeycombed or spongy appearance
  8. Cartilage
    Tough elastic tissue composing most of the embryonic skeleton of vertebrates and is mostly converted into bone as animals mature
  9. Cartilaginous joint
    Joints held together by cartilage with little to no movement
  10. Chondroblast
    Cartilage cells that produce extracellular matrix containing collagen, proteoglycan & elastin
  11. Compact bone
    Dense solidly filled material made up mostly of inorganic salts, with tiny spaces that contain bone cells
  12. Dense bone
    Dense solidly filled material made up mostly of inorganic salts, with tiny spaces that contain bone cells
  13. Diaphragm
    Sheet of skeletal muscle that extends across the lower pair of ribs, separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity and is used to control breathing
  14. Fiberous joint
    Joints held together by fibrous tissue that allows no movement
  15. Flat bone
    Thin bones with two parallel layers of compact bone sandwiching a layer of spongy bone
  16. Irregular bone
    Odd shaped bones that don�t fit other classifications
  17. Joint
    Point of articulation between two or more bones, especially such a connection that allows motion
  18. Ligament
    Band of tough, fibrous tissue connecting bones at a joint
  19. Long bone
    Elongated bones cylindrical shaft with enlarged heads and contain thick outer layer of compact bone
  20. Mineralization
    Process of depositing minerals in tissue
  21. Ossification
    Deposition of calcium salts in the matrix of osteoid tissue
  22. Osteoblast
    Large cell responsible for the synthesis and mineralization of bone during both initial bone formation and later bone remodeling
  23. Osteoclast
    Large multinucleate cells that are responsible for resorption of the mineralized matrix of bone
  24. Osteocyte
    Mature cell embedded in the bone matrix that have protoplasmic projections that connect with other cells to form a system of minute canals within the bone matrix
  25. Osteoid matterial
    Organic material including collagen, proteoglycans & glycoproteins secreted by osteoblasts
  26. Osteology
    Study of bone anatomy and physiology
  27. Parathyroid hormone
    Hormone produced by parathyroid gland that stimulates resorption of mineralized matrix by by osteoclast
  28. Pelvis
    Basin shaped structure in vertebrate animals that joins the spine at the sacrum vertebras to the hind limbs at the hips
  29. Rib
    Series of long curved bones occurring in pairs and extending from the thoracic vertebra to or toward the sternum
  30. Sesamoid bone
    Small bones that are embedded with a tendon
  31. Short bone
    Cube shaped bones with a thin layer of compact bone outer layer
  32. Skeletal system
    System that functions in support, protection and movement and important in blood cell formation and mineral storage
  33. Spongy bone
    Light, porous material enclosing numerous large spaces that give a honeycombed or spongy appearance
  34. Synovial joint
    Joints where bones are separated by fluid containing cavity permitting substantial movement
  35. Tendocyte
    Cells that build and repair tendons
  36. Tendon
    Band of white inelastic collagenous tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone
  37. Thoracic cavity
    Body cavity between the neck and the diaphragm, that is incased by vertebra, sternum, & ribs containing the lungs and heart

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