Chemistry

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Chemistry
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2012-03-14 00:56:46
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  1. solutions that have the same osmotic pressure are said to be
    isotonic
  2. fundamental types of matter that cannot be converted into other kinds by ordinary chemical means are
    elements
  3. acidity or alkalinity is conveniently expressed by a scale of
    pH values
  4. decomposition of the human body is
    a chemical change
  5. which one of the following chemicals, when contained in water in the form of salts, causes "hard water"
    calcium
  6. what is paradichlorobenzene used for in embalming powders?
    mold inhibitors
  7. the function of glycerol is embalming fluids is
    to act as a humectant
  8. which of the following is NOT characteristic of a jaundice fluid
    high index of formaldehyde
  9. which of the following is the result of 2 or more elements chemically united in a definite proportion by weight
    compound
  10. paraformaldehyde is a polymer of
    formaldehyde
  11. the atomic # of an element is equivalent to
    the total # of it's protons or electrons
  12. a humectant commonly used in embalming fluids is
    sorbitol
  13. what is the electrical charge of an electron
    negative
  14. polymerization of formaldehyde is inhibited by the addition of
    methanol
  15. how many main classes of inorganic compounds are there
    4
  16. the % by weight of formaldehyde in formalin is
    37%
  17. which of the following solutions contains the most solute
    supersaturated
  18. the digestion of cells by means of their own enzymes is called
    autolysis
  19. substances that can be decomposed or separated into singular substances are
    compounds
  20. proteins are compounds
    composed of many amino acids linked together
  21. two or more atoms of different elements forms
    molecules
  22. upon hydrolysis, proteins yeild
    amino acids
  23. two or more atoms of the same element form
    a molecule
  24. water, when used in embalming fluids, is used as a
    vehicle
  25. which of the following substances is used as a buffer in arterial fluid?
    E.D.T.A
  26. sodium citrate, when used in embalming fluids, functions as a
    anticogulant
  27. which of the following can be seperated by physical methods
    mixtures
  28. if a solution is acid, its pH will be
    below 7
  29. which of the following statements is FALSE concerning arterial fluids
    they are normally injected into body cavities
  30. the function of methanal in embalming fluids is
    a perservative
  31. which of the following is NOT important in determining the shelf-life of an arterial fluid
    cost of the fluid
  32. adipocere is a derative of
    body fats
  33. which of these is classified as a physical property of water?
    it expands when it freezes
  34. mercuric cholordie is a good disinfectant. it is
    prohibited by law
  35. which state of matter has no definite volume and no definite shape
    gases
  36. citrates & oxalates are usually added to embalming fluids to act as
    anticoagulants
  37. the swelling of a body during embalming is due to
    osmosis
  38. phenol is used in embalminb fluids as a
    preservative
  39. which of the following would NOT normally be present in a cavity fluid?
    active dyes
  40. paraformaldehyde is formaldehyde in a
    solid state
  41. in arterial fluids glycols act as
    humectants
  42. a substance in embalming fluid which serves to retain moisture in the body is known as a
    humectant
  43. which of the following would NOT be found in a pre-injection fluid
    high concentration of formaldehyde
  44. the important vehicle for an arterial solution is
    water
  45. a charged group of atoms functioning as a single unit in a chemical reaction is
    a polyatomic ion
  46. the # of fluid oz of a 25 index arterial fluid needed to prepare 1 gal (128 fl oz) of solution with a strenght of 1% would be
    5.1
  47. the class of compounds used in embalming fluids as a perfuming agent
    the esters
  48. water of high mineral content, such as hard water, tends to
    promote blood clotting
  49. sodium lauryl sulfate is used in embalming fluids as a
    surfactant
  50. eosine, ponceau & erythrosine are used in embalming fluids as
    dyes
  51. of all chemical compounds, the most depended upon by plants & animals is
    water
  52. formaldehyde in terms of embalming is used as a
    preservative & disinfectant
  53. the most abundant element in the UNIVERSE is
    hydrogen
  54. of the following, the one that is used in embalming fluids is an anticoagulant is
    sodium citrate
  55. what type of embalming fluids contains high concentrations of disinfectants & preservatives but generally lack active dyes & other modifying agents
    cavity fluids
  56. the chemical used in embalming fluids to reduce surface tension & to aid in penetration is known as an
    surfactant
  57. what is the function of plaster of paris in hardening compound
    dehydration
  58. deodorants are used in embalming fluids as
    masking agents
  59. the chemical formula of NaOH denotes which of the following compounds
    sodium hydroxide
  60. of the following, the class of chemicals that are used as humectants in embalming fluids are
    polyhydric alcohols
  61. what is methyl salicylate used for in embalming fluids
    deodorant
  62. borax is used in embalming fluid to
    adjust pH
  63. a trihydroxy alcohol found in both embalming fluids & in the structure of lipids & fats is
    glycerol
  64. the passage of a solvent thru a semipermeable membrane from an area of lesser concentration to an area of higher concentration is
    osmosis
  65. what is benzaldehyde used for in embalming fluids?
    deodorant
  66. substances which will pass thru the pores of animals & vegtable membranes are
    crystalloids
  67. the most common form of oxygen is
    molecular oxygen
  68. a solution in which more solute can be dissolved at a given tempature is
    unsaturated
  69. which term is used as a synonymous term for polyatomic ions
    radical
  70. a positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom is
    proton
  71. the passage of a solid substance directly into the gaseous state is
    sublimination
  72. the oxidation # for the ammonium radical is
    +1
  73. another name for ethanoic acid is
    acetic acid
  74. which of the following is not a chemical change?
    tearing of paper
  75. the study of matter derived from inanimate or lifeless things is
    inorganic chemistry
  76. oxygen occurs in the free state as
    O2
  77. anything that occupies space & possesses mass is
    matter
  78. oxygen means
    acid former
  79. the science that deals with the nature of matter & the changes that matter undergoes is
    chemistry
  80. an abbreviation for the name of an element is
    an atomic symbol
  81. two or more substances that are combined torgether but are NOT chemically combined form
    a mixture
  82. the formula for magnesium chloride is
    MgCl2
  83. what is the freezing point of water
    0 degrees celcius
  84. the most abundant element on EARTH is
    oxygen
  85. the amount of formaldehyde required to preserve all of the protie in the body is
    the formaldehyde demand
  86. in use with embalming fluids, water & methyl alcohol are 2 examples of
    vehicles
  87. the formula R-OH is
    a general formula
  88. the main consitituent of an acid is
    hydrogen
  89. compounds which have identical molecular formulas but different stuctural formulas are
    isomers
  90. the splitting apart of a compound by water is called
    hydrolysis
  91. what are sulfonate compounds used for in embalming fluids
    surface active agents
  92. the hydrolysis of proteins yeilds
    amino acids
  93. which of the following is used only as a filler in autopsy chemical mixtures?
    perlite
  94. which of the following is a physical property of matter
    solubility, specific gravity & density
  95. what is the study of non carbon compounds
    inorganic chemistry
  96. organic chemistry is a study of
    carbon compounds
  97. what substances is changed into adipocere by the saponification process
    fats
  98. a group of atoms functioning as a single atom in a chemical reaction
    a radical
  99. which of the following is NOT a hazardous substance used in embalming fluids
    hydrogen hydroxide
  100. chlorine is
    a halogen
  101. the characteristics of a substance observed without altering the composition of it are
    physical properties
  102. the shrinking of blood cells in hypertonic salt solution is called
    crenation
  103. which of these describes a substance which has a definite shape & a definite volume
    solid
  104. an atom that has gained or lost electron in a chemical reaction is
    an ion
  105. which of the following is NOT a characteristic of an inorganic acid
    the main consituent is hydroxide
  106. the swelling & bursting of blood cells in a hypotonic salt solution is called
    hemolysis
  107. which of the following is classified as an inorganic salt?
    sodium chloride
  108. an increase in oxidation number is characteristic of
    oxidation
  109. when a substance readily absorbs appreciable quantities of moisture from the air it is called
    hypogroscopic
  110. what is another name for physicological chemistry
    biochemistry
  111. which state of matter is described as having an indefinite shape & definite volume
    liquid
  112. the measure of a liquid's resistance to flow is
    viscosity
  113. a substance that is used as a buffer because it can act as either an acid or a base is considered to be
    amphoteric
  114. the most complex of all carbohydrates are the
    polysaccharides
  115. the temp & pressure at which a solid turns into a liquid is
    the melting point
  116. upon complete hydrolysis, carbohydrates yield
    monosaccharides
  117. what type of change occurs when the composition of a substance is altered & a new substance is formed
    chemical change
  118. the general formula for amines is
    RNH2
  119. the smallest particle of a compound that retains all of the properties of that compound is
    a molecule
  120. the general formula for ethers is
    ROR
  121. the smallest particle of an element that retains all the properties of that element is
    an atom
  122. the general formula for esters is
    RCOOR
  123. what is the chemical symbol for flourine
    F
  124. the gerneral formula for organic acids
    RCOOH
  125. which of the following will pass thru both a filter & a semipermeable membrane
    a true solution
  126. the general formula for ketones is
    RCOR
  127. which of the following is a chemical property
    reactivity
  128. the general formula for aldehydes
    RCHO
  129. what is involved in the cremation of a body
    chemical change
  130. the general formula for alcohol is
    ROH
  131. the density of an object divided by the density of water is
    specific gravity
  132. which of the following is an alkane
    C2H6
  133. which of these is the same as the freezing point of water
    melting point
  134. the name of the compound with the formula BaS04 is
    barium sulfate
  135. how many bonds must each carbon atom have in a stable organic molecule
    4
  136. all open chained hydrocarbons are classified as
    aliphatic
  137. the partial oxidation of wood alcohol yields
    formaldehyde
  138. which of the following is the formula for ethanol
    C2H5OH
  139. the reactive portion of organic acids is the functional group known as the
    carboxyl group
  140. sugar in the bloodstream is in the form of
    glucose
  141. which of the following names is a synonym for the compound called phenol
    carbolic acid
  142. which of these is a disaccharide
    surcrose
  143. theoretically, the complete reduction of the compound formaldehyde would produce
    methane
  144. adipocere is chemically most similar to
    a soap
  145. what temp is shown on a centigrade thermometer when a fahrenheit thermometer reads 212
    +100
  146. a protein compound that acts as a biological catalyst in chemical reactions is
    an enzyme
  147. the chemical symbol for postassium is
    K
  148. what are the quaternary ammonium compounds used for in embalming fluids
    disinfections
  149. the type of hydrocarbon in which the carbon atoms are linked together by double bonds is
    alkenes
  150. which of the following is NOT used as a humectant in embalming fluids
    glycerol
  151. the organic compounds in which a hydrogen atom is replaced by an atom of an element in the Halogen family are called
    halides
  152. which of the following is characteristic of organic compounds?
    their molecular structures are complex
  153. the building blocks of proteins, which are organic acids containing nitrogen, are known as
    amino acids
  154. deamination & decarboxylation occur simultanelously during
    putrefaction
  155. an acid plus a base will react to give water and
    salt
  156. emablming prevents the decomp of
    proteins
  157. chemistry is the study of
    the composition of matter, elements, compounds & mixtures and the changes that matter undergoes
  158. which of the following can be defined as a group of atoms chemically combinded & having aa neutral charge
    compounds
  159. the simplest forms of matter are
    elements
  160. which of these is NOT a property of organic amines
    they have a pleseant odor
  161. fluorine and iodine are related to
    bromine
  162. the charge of an atom that is determined by the number of electrons lost, gained or shared in a chemical reaction is
    the oxidation number
  163. the standard unit of volume in the metric system is the
    liter
  164. what is the atomic symbol for iron
    Fe
  165. isotopes differ on the basis of
    atomic weight
  166. what is the atomic symbol for calcium
    Ca
  167. the saponification of fatty acids in the dead human body produces
    adipocere
  168. what type of alcohol is produced by the attachment of the hydroxyl group to a carbon atom that is joined directly to two other carbon atoms in the chain
    secondary alcohol
  169. a solution created with water as the solvent is said to be
    aqueous
  170. the carbon to carbon bond in an organic compound is
    covalent bond
  171. in a solution, the substances which exists in the smaller amount is called the
    solvent
  172. which of the following pairs of elements are present in a hydrocarbon compound
    hydrogen & carbon
  173. a solution containing a relatively small amount of solute is
    dilute
  174. which of the following is an example of a saturated hydrocarbon compound
    ethane
  175. a solution containing a relatively large amount of solute is
    concentrated
  176. which of the following is an example of an unsaturated hydrocarbon compound?
    ethene
  177. a solution containing all the solute it can hold under ordinary conditions is
    saturated
  178. another name for methyl alcohol is
    wood alcohol
  179. the factors which determine whether conditions are ordinary for the solution are
    temperature & pressure
  180. which of the following is an example of a monohydroxy alcohol
    ethanol
  181. a solution which contains more of the solute than it can hold under ordinary conditions is
    supersaturated
  182. which of the following is an example of a dialdehyde compound?
    glutaraldehyde
  183. a solution containing less solute than it could hold under ordinary conditions is
    unsaturated
  184. at room temp formaldehyde is a
    gas
  185. the type of solution which would result in the swelling & bursting of a blood cell is
    hypotonic solution
  186. another name for methanoic acid is
    formic acid
  187. the type of solution which would be result in the shrinking or shriveling of a blood cell is
    hypertonic solution
  188. which of the following is an example of a polyhydroxy alcohol
    sorbitol
  189. the type of solution which would cause no appreaciable change in the size or condition of a blood cell placed in it would be
    isotonic
  190. organic hydroxide compounds are better known as
    alcohols
  191. the process by which particles of a single solute move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration would be
    diffusion
  192. what substance is produced by the dehydration of an organic acid & an alcohol
    ester
  193. the process used to separate colloidal solutes from crystalloidal solutes is
    dialysis
  194. what type of organic substances are described as derivatives of ammonia
    amines
  195. the process by which the solvent of a solution moves thru a semipermeable membrane from a solution of lower concentration to one of higher concentration is called
    osmosis
  196. which of the following is described as an organic acid that contains nitrogen
    nitric acid
  197. formaldehyde is produced by the catalytic oxidation of
    methanol
  198. the capacity of a given solute to dissolve in a given solvent would be its
    solubility
  199. which of the following is the simplest of the hydrocarbon compounds
    methane
  200. which of the following will not have any effect on the solubility of a given solvent
    capacity of the container
  201. the oxidation of formaldehyde forms
    formic acid
  202. the usual manner of chemical union between inorganic compounds is
    nonmetals gain electrons and metals lose electrons
  203. the abbreviated expression representing a compound is
    a formula
  204. the valence electrons affecting metallic & nonmetallic compounds are located in the
    outer orbital ring
  205. an object with a specific gravity of less than one, when placed in water, will
    float
  206. a metallic element becomes electrically charged by
    giving up an electron
  207. at room temp, paraformaldehyde is in the
    solid state
  208. a non metallic element becomes electrically charged by
    receiving electron
  209. which of the following statements is false concerning carbon
    it is present in water molecules
  210. the manner in which most metals & non metals unite chemically is by
    electron transfer
  211. which of the following is classified as an alkane
    ethane
  212. the outer orbital ring of metallic & nonmetallic elements will contain the
    valence electrons
  213. which of the following is an aromatic substance
    phenol
  214. the most abundant compound known in inorganic chemistry is
    water
  215. which of the following is classified as an alkyne
    ethyne
  216. in changing centrigrade to fahrenheit, the conversion fraction to be used is
    9/5
  217. which of the following is classified as a halide compound
    carbon tetrachloride
  218. the type of hardness which could be removed by boiling is
    temporary hardness
  219. which of the following is classified as a ketone
    propanone
  220. in the compound water, hardness is caused by
    presence of metallic salts
  221. which of the following is NOT an organic compound
    sodium chloride
  222. water will combine chemically with certain compounds to form crystalline compounds known as
    hydrates
  223. the partial oxidation of a primary alcohol yeilds
    an aldehyde
  224. hydrates can easily be broken up to form anhydrous compounds by
    heating
  225. Hg is the atomic symbol for
    mercury
  226. the significance of hard water to the embalmer is that the salts that cause hardness in water also
    cause blood clotting
  227. which of the following is NOT true about formaldehyde
    it can be oxidized into methanol
  228. the name given to the chemical reaction in which oxygen combines with another substance is
    oxidation
  229. organic compounds containing a benzene ring are
    aromatic compounds
  230. the name given to the chemical reaction which involves the removal of oxygen from an inorganic substance is
    reduction
  231. which of the following is a property of alkane compounds
    they are saturated hydrocarbon compounds
  232. the chemical reactions which involve reduction reactions are always accompanied by
    oxidation reactions
  233. hydrocarbon compounds that contain at least one double or triple bond between two adjacent carbon atoms are
    unsaturated
  234. oxidation reactions & reduction reactions always
    occur in the same reaction
  235. an alcohol with a single hydroxyl unit attached to an end carbon atom is
    a primary alcohol
  236. which of the following statements most accurately states a basic fact about oxidation & reduction reactions
    one cannot take place without the other
  237. a dehydration reaction between two alcohols will form
    an ether
  238. chemical reactions involving both oxidation & reduction reactions are sometimes referred to as
    redox reactions
  239. how many pairs of electrons are shared between two adjacent carbon atoms in an alkyne compound
    three
  240. the formula NH3 designates the compound
    ammonia
  241. what is the basic unit of all aromatic compounds
    benzene
  242. NH3 has significance for the embalmer because it
    is a product of protein decomp
  243. what type of compound is hemoglobin
    a protein
  244. electrolytes are substances which in solution
    release both positive & negative ions
  245. glycogen is
    a carbohydrate
  246. substances which release both positively & negatively charged ions when in solution are classified as
    electrolytes
  247. how many carbon atoms are present in a hexose monosaccharide compound
    six
  248. substances which would release no free ions in solution would be
    non electrolytes
  249. proteins are
    amphoteric
  250. most acids, bases, and salts when in solution make very good
    electrolytes
  251. which of the following is mainly affected by putrefaction
    proteins
  252. esters of glycerol and fatty acids are
    fats
  253. substances which ionize in solution to produce H ions are
    acids
  254. the by products of the hydrolysis of fats are
    fatty acids & glycerol
  255. subtances which ionize in solution to produce OH ions are
    bases
  256. which of these describes protein molecules?
    many amino acids linked together
  257. for a substance to be classified as an electrolyte it must
    conduct electricity
  258. which division of chemistry deals specifically with the products used & produced by living things
    biochemistry
  259. a salt serving as an electrolyte would release
    metallic ions & ions of nonmetal or nonmetallic radials
  260. the polyatomic ion of hypochlorite is composed of chlorine &
    oxygen
  261. those ions in a solution which are positively charged are called
    cations
  262. a carbohydrate molecule that contains an aldehyde group is
    an aldose
  263. those ions in a solution which are negatively charged are called
    anions
  264. the complete oxidation of a carbohydrate produces
    carbon dioxide & water
  265. the system devised to measure Hydrogen ion concentration is
    the pH system
  266. the complete oxidation of lipids produces
    carbon dioxide & water
  267. the pH system is so devised that an even balance of H and OH ions would produce a reading of
    7.0
  268. which of these substances is NOT derived from the decomp of proteins
    carbon monoxide
  269. reading of 6.9 & below on the pH scale would indicate
    acids
  270. which of the following are always present in carbohydrates
    C, H, O
  271. readings of 7.1 & above on the pH scale would indicate
    bases
  272. the final hydrolytic products of polysaccharides are
    monosaccharides
  273. the pH reading of normal blood would be
    7.3-7.4
  274. the removal of the amino group from an amino acid is
    deamination
  275. a substance which differentiates between acid & base solutions is
    an indicator
  276. complete oxidation of proteins produces
    carbon dioxide, water & urea
  277. the paper most commonly used as an indicator is
    litmus paper
  278. what property is exhibited by colloidal substances which allows them to absorb large quantaties of water?
    imbibition
  279. blue litmus paper turning red would indicate
    acid
  280. the substance that an enzyme acts upon is
    a substrate
  281. blue litmus paper placed in solution & showing no color change would indicate
    base
  282. organic compounds held together by peptide bonds are
    proteins
  283. red litmus paper placed in solution & showing no color change would indicate
    acid
  284. which of the following would NOT be a factor influencing diffusion
    presence of light
  285. red litmus paper showing a color change to blue indicates
    base
  286. which of the following are esters
    lipids
  287. with both red & blue litmus paper placed in the same solution & neither showing any color change would indicate
    neutral solution
  288. the removal of water from a compound is
    dehydration
  289. the chemical reaction between an acid and base is known as
    neutralization
  290. in a neurtralization reaction the reactants are
    acids & bases
  291. which of these describes the process of autolysis
    the self digestion of a cell
  292. the products of neutralization are
    salt & water
  293. which of these compounds contain the ammonium radical
    quaternaries
  294. in neurtralization the H ions & the OH ions would
    attract each other & form water
  295. which embalming fluids generally have a high index than arterial fluids
    cavity fluids
  296. in neutralization the negative ions of the acid & the positive ions of the base would form
    salt
  297. what type of substance is lanolin
    humectant
  298. surfactants are also referred to as
    wetting agents
  299. the atmosphere in which we live is
    a mixture
  300. bases
    yeild hydroxide ions upon ionization and are proton acceptors
  301. what are the chief components of air
    elements oxygen & nitrogen
  302. when ammonia combines with formaldehyde based substances, it forms a neutral compound known as
    urotropin
  303. oxygen & nitrogen in the are are
    not chemically united & diatomic molecules of the two elements
  304. which of the following elements or type of element is important in the production of a decomp resistant substances known as coagulate
    nitrogen
  305. of the following, which type of compound yeilds hyrdogen ions when in solution
    acids
  306. which of the following are used as humectants in the preparation room
    sorbitol & glycerol
  307. which of the following yield both metallic & non metallic ions in solution
    salts
  308. which of the following is another name for cadaverine
    1,5-diaminopentane
  309. which of the following would be classified as a non electrolyte
    sugar
  310. the area of chemistry that involves all the living processes that occur in both health & in disease is
    biochemistry
  311. because of the nature of formaldehyde which one of the following compounds is added to inhibit polymerization when formaldehyde is dissolved in water
    methanol
  312. the metric prefix kilo means
    thousand
  313. fat supply our bodies with which of the following
    protection, reserve food supply & heat insulation
  314. the basic unit for weight measurement in the metric system is the
    gram
  315. when the chemical energy of a reaction is measured the reaction will either release or absorb heat. a reaction that absorbs heat is called
    endothermic
  316. those characteristics of a substance as it exist in nature are the
    physical properties
  317. the atomic symbol for lead is
    Pb
  318. another name for glucose is
    dextrose
  319. what type of substance is embalming fluid
    a mixture
  320. what happens to the rate of the diffusion of a solute thru a solvent when the temperature of the environment is decreased
    the rate will decrease
  321. which of these compounds is described as water soluble gas with an irritating pungent odor
    formaldehyde
  322. which of these compounds are considered to be inorganic
    acids, bases, salts, oxides
  323. which of these compounds are organic in nature
    hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes & ketones
  324. which of these is a property of an organic enzyme
    they are temp specific, they are pH specific, they are substrate specific & they are liable
  325. which of these substances is a ternary compound
    sulfuric acid & nitric acid
  326. what is an amine produced in putrefaction
    putrescine
  327. final products of hydrolysis of polysacchraides
    monosacchraides
  328. final product of hydrolysis of proteins
    fatty acids & glycerol
  329. sodium citrate is
    anticoagulant
  330. sodium tetraborate is a
    buffer
  331. germicides are a
    quaternaries
  332. inhibits the polymerization of HCHO
    methyl alcohol
  333. aqueous solution of methanl
    formalin
  334. product of the reactionn between HCHO & NH3
    urotropin
  335. protein digesting enzymes
    pepsin
  336. anaerobic decomp of proteins
    putrefaction
  337. possess both weak base & weak acid properties
    amphoteric
  338. a fat
    tristearin
  339. product produced by the process of decarboxylation
    carbon dioxide
  340. glue like
    colloidal
  341. can crystallize out of a solution
    crystalloid
  342. .9% NaCl solution
    physicological salt solution
  343. small amount of solute in relation to solvent
    dilute solution
  344. contains more solute than it can hold at ordinary times under ordinary conditions
    supersaturated
  345. larger amount of solute in relation to solvent
    concentrated solute
  346. solvent has dissolved as much solute as possible at the temp & pressure
    saturated solution
  347. has alcohol as its solvent
    tincture solution
  348. separation of crystalloid froom colloids
    dialysis
  349. milk, gelatin & glue
    collodial
  350. factor which influences solubility
    agitation
  351. salt & water
    true solution
  352. subatomic particle bearing a negative charge
    electron
  353. subatomic particle bearing a positive charge
    proton
  354. subatomic particle with no charge
    neutron
  355. location of protons
    nucleus
  356. location of electrons
    orbits
  357. substance which when in a solution liberates hyrdogen ions
    acids
  358. substance which when in solution liberates hydroxyl ions
    bases
  359. product of neurtalization reaction
    salts
  360. oxygen plus another element
    oxdies
  361. a ketone
    acetone
  362. another name for methyl alcohol
    methanol
  363. oxidation product of acetaldehyde
    ethanoic acid
  364. another name for formaldehyde
    methanal
  365. formula for water
    H20
  366. formula for hydrogen peroxide
    H2O2
  367. a base
    NH4OH
  368. formula for ozone
    O3
  369. formula for molecular oxygen
    O2
  370. movement of molecules from a high to a low concentration
    diffusion
  371. will not pass thru a semipermeable membrane
    colloid
  372. the diffusion of a solvent thru a membrane
    osmosis
  373. will pass thru a semipermeable membrane
    crystalloid
  374. separation of crystalloid from colloids by means of semipermeable membrane
    dialysis
  375. present in the minority amount
    solute
  376. present in the majority amount
    solvent
  377. solution containing a relatively small amount of solute
    dilute
  378. solution that contains a relatively large amount of solute
    concentrated
  379. solution that contains all of the solute it can hold at that temp
    saturated
  380. an atom or group bearing a positive or negative charge
    ions
  381. substances capable of conducting an electrical current
    electrolytes
  382. substances incapable of conducting an electrical current
    nonelectrolytes
  383. example of an nonelectrolyte
    sugars
  384. example of an electrolyte
    acid
  385. a negative electrode
    cathode
  386. positively charged atom or group of atoms
    cation
  387. a positively or negatively charged atom or group of atoms
    ion
  388. a negativley charged atom or group of atoms
    anion
  389. positive electrode
    anode
  390. mass per unit volume
    density
  391. amount of substance that will dissolve in a specific solvent at a definite temp
    solubility
  392. wight of a definite volume of a substance divided by the weight of an equal volume of water
    specific gravity
  393. measure of the quantity of material expressed in lbs or grams
    mass
  394. anthing that has weight & occupies space
    matter
  395. expression that represents a chemical reaction
    equation
  396. expression representative of a compound
    formula
  397. abbreviated expression of an element
    symbol
  398. smallest particle of an element capable of entering into a chemical reaction
    atom
  399. polyatomic ion is
    radical
  400. compound containing oxygen in addition to another element
    oxide
  401. chemical reaction involving the production of heat & light
    combustion
  402. lowest temp at which substances begin to burn
    kindling point
  403. any substance that will speed up or slow down a chemical reaction
    catalyst
  404. slow oxidation of organic matter
    decay
  405. compounds produced when water of crystallization is part of their formula
    hyrdates
  406. substance which absorbs moisture from air
    hygroscopic
  407. splitting of a compound by the action of water
    hydrolysis
  408. capability to enter a solvent to form a solution
    solutbility
  409. breaking down with electricity
    electrolysis
  410. 7.3-7.4
    normal blood
  411. 1.3-6.1
    acid
  412. 7.6-13.3
    base
  413. 7.0
    neutral
  414. 0-14
    pH scalre range
  415. heterogeneous combination of two or more substances
    mixture
  416. homogenous mixture of two or more substances
    solution
  417. chemical combination of two or more elements in a definite proportion by weight
    compound
  418. fundamental matter
    element
  419. compound resulting from water of crystallization included in its formula
    hydrate
  420. fahrenheit boiling point of water
    212
  421. centigrade freezing point of water
    0 degrees
  422. fahrenheit freezing point of water
    32
  423. centigrade boiling point of water
    100
  424. centigrade normal body temp
    37
  425. yields H ions when in solute
    acid
  426. yeilds OH ions when in solution
    base
  427. product of neutralization of acid and base
    salt
  428. characterized by positive valences
    metal
  429. characterized by negative valences
    nonmetal
  430. capacity of solute to enter solvent to create a solution
    solubility
  431. always exsits with oxidation
    reduction
  432. acid plus base produces salt & water
    neutralization
  433. chemical combination with oxygen
    oxidation
  434. process of dissassociating into ions when in solution
    ionization
  435. contains an aldehyde group in the molecule
    aldose
  436. aldehyde or ketone derivative of polyhydroxy alcohol
    carbohydrates
  437. contains one saccharide group
    monsaccharide
  438. contains a ketone group in the molecule
    ketose
  439. method by which the body breaks down carbohydrates
    hydrolysis

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