history 14.1-14.2

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  1. system of producing and distributing goods
  2. The prosperity of the US during these years laid the groundwork for the research and development of today's _______, _______, and medical ________.
    computers, lasers, medical wonders
  3. Many young couples made down payments on houses and started familes between 1945 and 1965. The birthrate soared during this time, causing a ______ ______ in America.
    baby boom
  4. Most lived in communities called _______ on the outskirts of the city.
  5. Better and faster transportation, including jet ________, also made many products available to all.
  6. New _______ (practical science) increased the production of food and improved ways to preserve it.
  7. who invented the polio vaccine
    Dr. Jonas Salk
  8. After Dr. Jonas Salk developed the ______ vaccine, it ended the spread of that dreaded disease.
  9. A new form of entertainment, __________, became popular in the 1950's.
  10. _______ ________, a young man from a sharecropper's farm in Georgia signed on as a player for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947 and became and first black major league baseball player.
    Jackie Robinson
  11. One of the greatest opera singers of the age. She displayed such talent as a member of the choir in Philadelphia's Union Baptist Church, that the church established a trust fund to pay for professional training
    Marian Anderson
  12. In the 1950s, black Americans made many political and economic improvements through the _______ _______ movement.
    civil rights movement
  13. A black American in Montgomery, AL who refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger.
    Rosa Parks.
  14. __ ______ _____ _____ ___a young black minister had helped organize botht the Montgomery bus boycott and a civil rights campaign that soon spread nation wide. Along with his efforts and the efforts of others, Congress passed legilation that guaranteed voting, housing, and job rights for ethnic minorites. This legilation became known as the _________ _____ _____ ____.
    Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr./ 1964 Civil Rights Act
  15. The fasting growing and possibly the largest minority ethnic group in the United States is the Spanish-speaking, or ________, Americans
  16. An Amercian commonwealth that is represented in the United States Congress. Many Hispanic Americans have come from here.
    Puerto Rico
  17. After the Communist dictator, _______ _______ overthrew the government of Cube in 1959, several hundred thousand Cubans sought political and economic freedom in the US.
    Fidel Castro
  18. Cuban-born former Senator Melquiades ("____") ________ spoke of his opportunity for success in America.
    Mel Martinez
  19. U.S. Supreme Court Justice ______ ______ realized the importance of moral character. He was born to black sharecroppers in Georgia and through his hard work and God-given ability, he earned a law degree and served in several legal and government positions.
    Clarence Thompson
  20. Our Founding Fathers believed that the role of government wasw to ______ the life and private property of the individual and his family
  21. By the 1960's, some politicians were saying that the government should ______ food, shelter, and other goods for large numbers of people
  22. General _____ ______ ______, a Commander of the Allied Forces in World War II, was elected President of the US in 1952. His main goal was to ensure American economic prosperity while building up our defenses against Communism.
    Dwight D. Eisenhower.
  23. To prevent the spread of Communism to the West, Eisenhower strengthened the military alliance of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, _____, an alliance of Western Europe nations, Canada, and the US against Communism.
  24. Great roadways were creating an _______ ________ ______.
    Interstate Highway System
  25. The completion of the _____ _____ ______ promoted close relations between the US and Canada by opening up the Great Lakes region to ocean shipping.
    St. Lawrence Seaway
  26. In addition to weapons, the success of private businesses and private research supplied President Eisenhower with the tax revenue and the knowledge neccessary to bring the US into the ______ _____
    space age
  27. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (______) started in 1958, soon launched America's first _____ and put the first astronauts into space.
    NASA, satellite
  28. The first American to fly in space in 1961
    Alan B. Shepard, Jr.
  29. In 1962, _____ _____ became the first American to orbit the earth.
    John Glenn
  30. In 1969, ______ ________ became the first man to walk on the surface of the moon.
    Neil Armstrong
  31. When President _____ _______ ______ took office in 1961, he represented the liberal members of the Democratic party.
    John Fitzgerald Kennedy
  32. A ______ in modern American is a person who endeavors to break away from traditional beliefs and values.
  33. A __________ wants to preserve traditional beliefs and values adn believe that the main function of government should be to protect the nation from invadors and that people should be free to handle their own everyday responsibilities.
  34. John F. Kennedy called his welfar program the ______ ________.
    New Frontier
  35. The Supreme Court ruled that prayer and Bible reading in the _______ ______ were unconstituional
    public schools
  36. The 1960's and 1970's saw many liberal court decisions, including _______ vs. ______(1973), which legalized _________.
    Roe vs. Wade, abortion
  37. the killing of unborn babies.
  38. On April 17, 1961, an American trained force of Cuba freedom fighters invaded Cuba at the _____ of _______. Although those brave men had been promised US air cover and support, no American aid was given, and the invasion was brutally crushed.
    Bay of Pigs.
  39. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev at first refused to back down, and the _______ ______ _____ had the entire world on the brink of nuclear war.
    Cuban Missile Crisis.
  40. On November 22, ______, President Kennedy and his wife Jackie visited Dallas Texas and while traveling in a motorcade through downtown Dallas, President Kennedy was shot and killed
  41. Vice Prsident _______ ____ ______ became President when President Kennedy was killed.
    Lyndon B. Johnson
  42. President Johnson called his social reform program the _______ _____.
    Great Society.
  43. Many people looked to _______ for schools, food, housing, and medical care rather than to their families, their local communities, and private charities. People became dependent on the _____ to support their social programs.
    Washington, government
  44. President Johnson decided to make a major commitment to fighting Communism in the southeast Asian nation of ______ _______.
    South Vietnam
  45. Under President Johnson, some 500,000 Americans were sent to South Vietnam to defend freedom in what became unofficially known as the ______ _____. Although the men in the armed forces fought bravely, they were not allowed to fight to win.
    Vietnam War
  46. President _____ __ _______ promised to defeat Communism in South Vietnama and bring all of the American troops home. Because of pressure from a liberal Congress and his desire to befriend Communist China, President Nixon pulled all American troops out in 1973, leaving the South Vietnamese helpless against the Communists.
    Richard M. Nixon
  47. President Nixon's advisers had been involved in an attempt to break into the Democratic National Headquarters in 1972, during Nixon's campaign for reelection. Because this break-in occurred in the Watergate complex in Washington D.C., the incident became known as the _________ _____.
    Watergate affair
  48. was the first President ever to resign from office.
    Richard Nixon
  49. Upon the resignation of Richard Nixon on August 9, 1974, the Vice President, _______ ____ _______ became president
    Gerald R. Ford
  50. In 1975, the Communists took over all of ______
  51. In 1977, President _____ ______ followed the desire of the United Nations and signed a treaty with the military dictator of Panama to surround the canal to Panama on December 31, 1999.
    Jimmy Carter
  52. The Communists assumed however that the US was giving up on its protection of Central America from Communism. This led to increased terrorism in _____ _______ and to the Sandinista Communist Revolution in _______.
    El Salvador, Nicaragua.
  53. When the anit-Communist ____ of ______ was ovethrown in 1979, the new revolutionary government of Iran took hostage 55 Americans from the American Embassy.
    Shah of Iran
  54. Carter was able to get the leader of Egypt, Anwar __________ and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem ______ to agree to a peace treaty.
    el-Sadat, Begin
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history 14.1-14.2
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